Ch29-Summary&Questions

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  1. The _______ system is different from all other systems within the human body because it is in a liquid state and is comprised of bone marrow, blood cells, plasma, and the reticuloendothelial system (RES).
    hematology
  2. A condition where the hemoglobin concentration is lower than normal, and fewer RBCs are circulating within the plasma is known as what?
    Anemia
  3. There are anemias that are caused by nutritional deficiencies that affect _______.
    erythropoiesis
  4. Hemophilia is a group of hereditary bleeding disorders that result from deficiency of _______ _______.
    clotting factors
  5. ______ is an increased number of RBCs with a hematocrit level elevated to more than 55% in males and more than 50% in females.
    Polycythemia
  6. _______ is a decreased number of circulating neutrophils, usually less than 1500 cells/mm3.
    Neutropenia
  7. _______ is caused by B cells in the oropharyngeal lymphoid tissues that result from EBV.
    Mononucleosis (infectious mononucleosis)
  8. There are 4 main types of leukemia that differ greatly in presentation, timing, and clinical signs and symptoms. What are the 4 different types?
    1) Acute, 2) Chronic, 3) Multiple Myeloma, 4) Malignant Myeloma
  9. _______ _______, _______, & _______ progress more slowly than the acute leukemias, rarely affect people under age 20, and may not affect the patient's health as severely until the advanced stages.
    Chronic leukemias, CML, & CLL
  10. _______ _______ is cancer of plasma cells and is due to the unregulated proliferation of monoclonal plasma cels that are ineffective.
    Multiple myeloma
  11. Lymphomas are malignancies of the lymph tissue. The 2 primary types are _______ _______ & _______.
    Hodgkin's disease & NHL
  12. The hematology system is comprised of:
    A) blood cells, interstitial fluid, & bone marrow
    B) plasma, sugars, & blood cells
    C) bone marrow, blood cells, & plasma
    D) bone marrow, tissue, & plasma
    C) Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 3-5 years after age 50; mammogram and clinical breast exam every year after age 40; pap smear every year after age 18; and an annual physical that checks for a variety of other cancers.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which is true concerning thalassemia?
    A) It is a form of anemia caused by genetic defect in RBC metabolism
    B) It is the most common of the hemolytic disorders, and there is no abnormality of the hemoglobin
    C) It affects certain groups of persons from specific geographical regions
    D) It is caused by any number of factors that result in hemolysis outside the RBC
    C) It affects certain groups of persons from specific geographical regions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which type of anemia is labeled a cobalamine deficiency?
    A) Hemolytic anemia
    B) Folic acid deficiency anemia
    C) Iron deficiency anemia
    D) Vitamin b12 deficiency
    D) Vitamin b12 deficiency
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Plasmapheresis is the primary treatment for:
    A) thrombocytopenia
    B) aplastic anemia
    C) TTP
    D) ITP
    A) thrombocytopenia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The clotting disorder that consumes the clotting factors and causes the client to have tremendous clotting difficulties:
    A) DIC
    B) acquired hemolytic anemia
    C) von Willebrand's disease
    D) hemophilia
    A) DIC
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The type of polycythemia that is more common is European Jewis persons is:
    A) primary polycythemia
    B) neutropenia
    C) leukopenia
    D) secondary polycythemia
    A) primary polycythemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which describes acute myelogenous leukemia?
    A) It typically develops after age 40 and is most common in older men
    B) It has it's highest incidence in Italy, the U.S., Switzerland, and Costa Rica
    C) It most commonly affects children
    D) It affects people over all ages
    D) It affects people over all ages
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. CML is characterized by the presence of which of the following chromosomes?
    A) The Seattle chromosome
    B) The Philadelphia chromosome
    C) The Gpa6 chromosome
    D) The leukopenia chromosome
    B) The Philadelphia chromosome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Multiple myeloma is similar to other cancers of the hematologic system. What distinguishes it the most from the other types of cancer.
    A) The fact that caucasians are 5 times as likely to get the disease
    B) The known cause being genetic
    C) The bone pain
    D) The low WBC count
    C) The bone pain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
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Ch29-Summary&Questions
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