AP Euro Chapter 13

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104485
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AP Euro Chapter 13
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2011-09-26 18:31:21
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McKay chapter 13
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  1. The Medici Family- who
    • wealthy banking family ruled Florence
    • 1434-1494
  2. The Medici Family- whats
    • ruled Florence
    • Produced 3 Popes (wealthy rule!)
    • Fell after the French Invasion
    • Rose back to power
  3. The Medici Family- whys
    • served as a transition into the Ren.
    • $=trade!=economy
  4. Francesco Petrarch- who
    Florentine poet/scholar wants glory days back (of G/R)
  5. Petrarch- whats
    • obsessed with classical past- "perfect"
    • 1350- new education (studia humanitates) off of Ancient Latin/Greek authors
    • Humanism- nature/achievement worthy of contemplation
  6. Petrarch- whys
    • glory days of Rome=bright---> back
    • Cicero's teaching back??
    • Past--> present
  7. Leonardo Bruni- Who
    • humanist historian/ city official
    • 1374-1444
  8. Bruni- whats
    • linked fall of latin, not to cicero but to the fall of Rome
    • wrote book...new era!
    • divide history-ancient, medieval, modern
  9. Bruni- whys
    • reinforced concept of improvement/time
    • reflects on past (Rome)
  10. Giovanne Pico della Miranada- who
    • Ficihio's student- Christian/classical texts
    • 1463-1494
  11. Pico- Whats
    • universe=hierarchy; humanity=link between spiritual/material worlds
    • essay On the Dignity of Man(1486)-man has dignity (Adam/Christ)
    • man=part of world, not fixed
    • man's choice: up to angles or down with animals
  12. Pico- Whys
    • Men in charge?
    • rise in religion
  13. Balslassare Castiglione- Who
    writer on education
  14. Castiglione-whats
    • The Courtier-young men--->gentlemen
    • abilities! sonnet, wrestle, music, ride, math, eloquence
    • women--->court lady
    • educated; phys. beauty, modesty, delicacy
  15. Castiglione- whys
    • translated into every European language
    • "how to" raise up in a hierarchy
    • echoes - ideals for women..
  16. Niccolo Machiavelli-who
    • government official ---> civic humanist
    • 1469-1527
  17. Machiavelli- whats
    • medici's rise back--> arrest (eventually release)
    • 1513- The Prince(order? security? weakness )
    • ideal ruler? past and contemp.- Cesare Borgia
    • Borgia's fall to operations of fate/Fortuna
    • secular view of gov
  18. Machiavelli- whys
    • Fortuna- demeaning to women
    • ideal ruler (indiv. and communitiy)
    • brings up ? of state vs. church
  19. Thomas More- who
    • english humanist, lawyer, and writer
    • 1478-1535
  20. More-whats
    • Utopia(1516)- "nowhere" perfect
    • good ed.; 1/2 work 1/2 (mind) play
    • beneficent gov- profits shared
    • religious toleration; order/reason;dissent disagreement
  21. More- whys
    • critique on hierarchal society
    • "ideal society"
  22. Desiderius Erasmus- who
    • Christian humanist&author(idealisms)
    • 1466?-1536
  23. Erasmus-whats
    • The Education of a Christian Prince(1504)-ruler's character comes from Cicero, Plato, Aristotle, and Plutarch
    • The praise of Folly(1509)-faith of children
    • Greek New Testament(1516)-for women
    • Reform?need education!
    • Christianity= Christ , not theologians
  24. Erasmus- whys
    • improvement/ideal society
    • spreading of Christian faith
    • examination of Christianity
    • Womens rights(able to read Bible)
  25. Johann Gutenberg- who
    • metal smith changed book making
    • 1440's
  26. Gutenberg- whats
    • used stamps for jewelry--->alphabet
    • built racks so types could be arranged
    • Gutenberg's Bible (1456)-->8-20 million
  27. Gutenberg- whys
    • tech&prosperity
    • rise of literacy&social aspects
    • gov/church censor books ?!?!
    • illustrations-beauty
  28. Michelangelo- who
    • court of Lorenzo de'Medici to commissioned artist
    • 1508-1512;1501-1504;1537-1541
  29. Michelangelo- whats
    • 1508- Vatican's Sistine Chapel (Pope Julius II meddling)
    • 1501- Statue of David~Goliath= perfection/strength of Florence
    • 1537- The Last Judgement(16 chapel)=terror/divine power
  30. Michelangelo- whys
    • progression through 30 years
    • divinity over humans (power)
    • painted church sights
  31. Roger van der Weydn&Jan van Eyck- who
    • Flemish painters(equal to Italian Ren painters)
    • respectively- 1399/1400-1464; 1366-1441
  32. Weydn and Eyck- whats
    • oil-base paints
    • religious scenes--> realism/personality
    • not "back to old ways"
    • Descent from Cross (1435)- Wedyn- realistic, sorrow
  33. Weydn and Eyck-whys
    • non-comformists/not influenced-individualism
    • new technology
    • forward/backwards
  34. Raphael Sanzio- who
    • Florentine, commissioned, naturalist
    • 1483-1520
  35. Raphael- whats
    • frescoes in apartments- devotional
    • ran large workshop
    • wrote on philosophy of art (nature/sequence of design)
  36. Raphael- whys
    • searching to "master" nature
    • keeping it real
  37. Leonardo da Vinci-who
    • genius in many ways
    • 1452-1519
  38. da Vinci- whats
    • painted Mona Lisa/ Last Supper (experimental paint/style..)
    • studied dead bodies
    • inventions: helicopter, tank, machine gun, parachute
    • unfinished books/paintings
  39. da Vinci-whys
    • creativity
    • interested in many things
    • left behind a legend
  40. Concordant of Bologna-who
    • treaty between King Francis I and Pope Leo X
    • 1516
    • (french)
  41. Concordant of Bologna-whats
    • popes right to first of new bishops/abbots
    • king select bishops/abbots
  42. Concordant of Bologna-whys
    • french leader control appt./policies
    • peace between church and state..for now..
  43. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella- who
    • king/queen of SPain, united, anti-semintism
    • 1474-1516 (r)
  44. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella- whats
    • 1492- conquered Granada( no more Reconquista)
    • 1492- expelled Jews (150,000 out of 200,000)
    • 1496- married daughter (joanna) to archduke Philip-->Iberian Peninsula united
    • 1512- conquered Navarre
    • right to appoint bishops in Spain &America (int'l church)
  45. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella- whys
    • spread of civil tune (????)
    • unification

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