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2011-09-26 23:39:31

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  1. define anatomy
    the branch of science that deals with the structure of the body
  2. define physiology
    the science concerned with the function of the body
  3. blast
    immature cell
  4. cyte/cyto
  5. chondro
  6. epi
  7. foramina
  8. fossa
    a small cavity or depression
  9. histology
    study of tissues
  10. inter
  11. intra
  12. myo
  13. nero
  14. osteo
    bone or bone tissue
  15. process
    a nature outgrowth or projection
  16. syn
    with or together
  17. what are the four tissue types
    • connective,
    • muscular
    • epithieal
    • nervous
  18. what are 10 functions of connective tissue
    • binds, connects and seperates structures
    • supports and protects
    • provides framework
    • fills spaces
    • stores fat
    • makes blood
    • fights infection
    • repairs tissue damage
    • insulates
    • lubricates
  19. examples of connective tissue
    • bones
    • cartiledge
    • dense connective tissue
    • loose connective tissue
    • blood
  20. what are the functions of bones
    • support and structure
    • protection
    • provides levers for body movement
    • house the tissues that make blood
    • storage resouvoirs for calcium
  21. classification of bones by shape
    • long- femur, metacarpals, humours, felanges
    • short- carpals, tarsals,
    • flat- ribs, scapula, sternum, cranium
    • irregular- vertabrae, spine, facial bone
    • round- sesanoid (patella, kneecap)
  22. wolff's law
    bones respond to physical stresses by laying down new bone along the line of stress
  23. Types of bones
    • spongy
    • compact
  24. spongey bone function and location
    • function- strength under compress but decrease weight
    • location- inside of short, flat, and irregular bones. and the epiphyses of long bones
  25. compact bone function and location
    • (a tightly packed well organized system of cyllindar shaped units called osteoas)
    • function- provides ridgity
    • location- shafts of long bone, under epiphyses, long bones and short, flat, irregular bones
  26. basic structure of components
    • diaphysis; long narrow shaft
    • epiphysis; extended ends of long bone
    • articular cartiledge; thin layer of smooth
    • periosteum; covering round bone
    • medullary cavity; middle portion of diaphysis
  27. tendons connect?
    muscle to bone
  28. what do ligaments connect
    bone to bone
  29. name three landmarks of vertabrae (10 possible)
    • spinus process
    • transverse process
    • body
    • pedicules
    • lamina
    • superior articulating process (facet)
    • inferior articulating process(facet)
    • vertebral foraman
    • intervertabral foraman
    • intervertabral disc
  30. which of following is NOT function of connective tissue
    fill spaces
    makes blood
    creates movement
    insulates the body
    creates movement
  31. what are cells
    the basic structural and functional units of your body
  32. what is cell differentization
    different cells do different things
  33. what is nucleus
    structure that carries dna of the cell
  34. what is mitochondrial
    known as powerhouse of the cell and creats atp energy
  35. adipose
    • structure; loose connective tissue (fat cells)
    • basic function; energy storage, inflation, padding and protection
  36. hyline cartiledge
    • structure; cartiledge, chondriocytes
    • basic funtion; lines ends of long bone, joints form, fetal skeleton,
  37. what are two types of facia
    • loose facia- loosely composed of fat cells, primarily found deep to the skin
    • fibrous facia-creates a web that develops and seperates all structures of the body
  38. what are fibroblasts
    type of cells that make scar tissue and adhesions
  39. what part of matrix is "serum" or "plasma"
    ground substance