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A biological or psychological predisposition to disorder.
•Genetic predisposition towards obesity
•Psychological predisposition to abuse alcohol
•Psychological predisposition to display impulsive behavior.
Stress must interact with a predisposition for a disorder to occur
Define Epidemiology and what it investigates.
The study of patterns of disease or disorder in the general population.
Looks to investigate through surveying & observations.
Explain the 3 aspects of Prevalence & Severity.
1) Incidence: New cases of MD's
2) Prevalence: All cases of MD's
3) Lifelong Prevalence: Those who have a MD anytime in their lives.
The presence of two or more disorders in a person.
27.7 percent of Americans will have more than one mental disorder in their lifetime
Define Cohort Effects.
Significant differences in disorder expression depending on demographic features.
Often, age and gender are used to display cohort effects.
Explain Risk factors.
An individual or environmental characteristic that precedes a mental disorder and is correlated with that disorder.
Fixed risk factors: gender, age, race, ethnicity
Dynamic risk factors: social support, education level, financial status
Define Protective Factors.
Associated with lower risk of mental disorder.
These have not been researched as extensively as risk factors.
Protective factors are multi-faceted
Biological, psychological, or social
Individual, family, and community/social levels.
What 3 categories fall under the most common disorders?
What are men at a greater risk for in comparison to women?
Men: substance abuse, antisocial personality, psychosexual, and developmental disorders.
Women: Anxiety & mood disorders.