Card Set Information
Knowledge that comes from evidence is
valued than intuition.
Distinguish between a
: a statement about the cause of an event or about the r'ship between 2 events.
: attempts to explain how or why observations are connected.
Theories can be used to generate new hypotheses
Define the 3 stages of
Stage 1) Observe the World / Ask Questions.
Stage 2) Evaluate data that supports or contradicts hypothesis (can never prove a hypothesis
Stage 3) Statistical testing
What are the 3 components to the scientific method?
a research plan.
data to test the hypothesis.
When do researchers use the
To make careful observations of one person.
confident that changes in the dependent variable truly resulted from manipulation of the independent variable.
Results can be generalized to the whole population.
Measure two variables and estimate their degree of relationship.
Survey of factors affecting behavior in the population at large.
Cause & Effect
Experimental group/Control Group
Compare people with a certain experience (a disorder, treatment, life-event, etc) to those without that experience (comparison or control group
Prospective, Longitudinal Designs.
Repeated assessment of the same individuals over time.
What area of genetics have made important contributions to our understanding of psychological disorders?
exist in an individual, and are they all the same?
Yes, but in different variations.
Describe the difference between
Population & Molecular genetics.
Examines the importance of both genes and environment on a trait.
Examines which variations in genetic material are associated with phenotypes of interest.
Field of study that attempts to estimates how much genetic variability between people causes phenotypic variability in trait of interest.