medical terminology

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medical terminology
2011-09-27 12:02:26
Muscular System

Medical ternimology-Muscular system
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  1. fascia
    the sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, supporsts and separates muscles of group of muscles
  2. myofascial
    means pertaining to muscle tissue and fascia
  3. tendon
    is the band of nonelastic, dense, fibrous connective tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone.
  4. achilles tendon
    attaches the gastrocnemius muscle to the heel bone
  5. aponeurosis
    is a sheetlike fibrous connective tissue that resembles a flattened tendon that serves as a fascia to bind muscles together or as a means of connecting muscle to bone.
  6. skeletal muscles
    voluntary muscles, striated muscles
  7. smooth muscles
    involuntary muscles, unstriated muscles, visceral muscles
  8. myocardial muscle
    aka myocardium muscle, striated muscle and involuntary.
  9. muscle innervation
    is the stimulation of a muscle by an impulse transmitted by a motor nerve
  10. abduction
    the movement of a limb away from the midline of the body
  11. adduction
    is th emovement of a limb toward the midline of the body
  12. circumduction
    the circular movement at the far end of a limb
  13. supination
    turns the palm of the hand upward or forward
  14. pronation
    turns the palm of the hand downward or backward
  15. dorsiflexion
    bends the foot upward at the ankle
  16. plantar flexion
    bends the food downward at the ankle
  17. exercise physiologist
    is a specialist who works under the supervison of a physician to develop, implement, and coordinate exercise programs, and administer medical tests to promote physical fitness
  18. neurologist
    physician who specializes in treating the cause of paralysis and similar muscular disorders in which there is a loss of function
  19. physiatrist
    physician who pecializes in physcial medicine and rehabilitation with the focus on restoring function
  20. rheumatologist
    a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of arthritis and disorders such as osteoporosis, fibromyalgia and tendonitis tha are characterized by inflammation in the joints and connective tissues
  21. sports medicine physician
    specializes in the treating sports-related injuries of the bones, joints, and muscles
  22. fibromyalgia syndrome
    is a debilitating chronic condition characterized by fatibue diffuse and or specific muscle, joint, or bone pain, and a wide rage of ther symptoms
  23. tenodynia
    pain in a tendon
  24. chronic fatigue syndrome
    a disorder of unknown cause that affects many body systems. Characterized by the profound fatigue that is not improved by bed rest and may be made worse by mental of physical activity
  25. adhesion
    band of fribrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally.
  26. atrophy
    means weeknesss or wearing away of body tissue and structures
  27. myocele
    is the herniation (protrusion) muscle substance through a tear in the fascia surrounding it
  28. myolysis
    degeneraion of muscle tissue
  29. polymyositis
    a muscle disease characterized by the simultaneous inflammation and weakening of voluntary muscles in many parts of the body
  30. sarcopenia
    the loss of muscle mass, strenght, and function that comes in aging
  31. dystonia
    condition of abnormal muscle tone that causes the impairment of voluntary muscle movement
  32. hypertonia
    condition of excessive tone of the skeletal muscles
  33. hypotonia
    condition in which there is diminished tone of the skeletal muscles
  34. myotonia
    a neuromuscular disorder characterized by the slow relaxation of the muscles after a voluntary contraction
  35. ataxia
    the inavility to coordinate muscle activity during voluntary movement
  36. dystaxia
    is a mild form of ataxia
  37. contracture
    is the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissueare replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissue.