Each state and the District of columbia has a separate court system. Most state court system consists of;
General-Jurisdiction Trial Courts
- Limited-Jurisdiction Tiral Courts -(aka inferior trial courts)
- Tiral courts are state courts that hear matters of a spcailized or limited nature (e.g., misdemeanor cimininal matters, traffic tickets, civil matters under a certain dollar amount). may states have created small claims courts that hear small-dollar amount civel cases 9e.g. under 45k where the parties cannot be represented by lawyers.
- In many states, traffic courts, juvenile courts, justice of the peace courts, probate courts, family alw courts and corts that hear misdemeanor ciminal law cases and civil cases involving lawsuits under a certain dollar amount are examples of such courts.
- are state courts that hear cases of a general nature that are not within the jurisdeicitoin of limited-jurisdiction tiral courts.
Intermediate App[ellate Court
- are state courts that hear appeals from state trial courts. The appellate court reviews the trial court record in making its decision. No new evidence is introduced at this level.
Highest State Court
- each state has a highest court system. This court hears appeals from appellate courts and where appropriate, trial courts. This court revews the record in making its decisions. No new evidence is introdcued at this level. Most staes call this court the State Supreme Court.