1.6

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Author:
DesLee26
ID:
104744
Filename:
1.6
Updated:
2011-10-01 08:52:29
Tags:
Anatomy Physiology
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Description:
Organization of the Human body
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  1. Many features of the human body include its __, __ and __.
    • cavities
    • membranes
    • organ systems
  2. Body cavities:
    The body can be divided into the __ and an __ which contains a __ and a __.
    Organs within these cavities are called __.
    • appendicular portion (upper/ lower limbs)
    • axial portion (head, neck, trunk)
    • dorsal
    • ventral cavity
    • viscera
  3. The dorsal cavity can be divided into the __ and the __.
    • cranial cavity
    • vertebral canal
  4. The ventral cavity is made up of a __ and an __, seperated by the __.
    i. The __ divides the __ into left and right halves.
    ii. The __ can be divided into the __ and the __.
    • thoracic cavity
    • abdominopelvic cavity
    • diaphragm
    • mediastinum
    • thorax
    • abdominopelvic
    • abdominal cavity
    • pelvic cavity
  5. Smaller cavities within the head include the __, __, __, and __.
    • oral cavity
    • nasal cavity
    • orbital cavities
    • middle ear cavities
  6. Thoraic and Abdominopelvic Membranes
    1. The thoracic caviy is lined with __; the __ lines the cavities while the __ covers the lungs. A thin layer of __ separates the two layers.
    • pleura
    • parietal pleura
    • visceral pleura
    • serous fluid
  7. The heart is surrounded by __. The __ covers the heart and the __ makes up an outer sac. __ separates the two layers.
    • pericardium
    • visceral pericardium
    • parietal pericardium
    • serous fluid
  8. __ lines the abdominopelvic cavity; a __ lines the wall while the __ covers the organs.
    • Peritoneum
    • parietal peritonium
    • visceral peritonium
  9. Organ Systems
    i. Body Covering
    - ___
    What does it include?
    What does it do?
    • integumentary system
    • skin, hair, nails, and various glands
    • covers the body, senses changes outside the body, helps regulate body temperature
  10. Support and Movement
    i. ___
    What is it made up of?
    What does it do?
    • Skeletal system
    • bones ligaments joints
    • supports, protects, provides frameworks, stores inorganic salts, and houses blood-forming tissues
  11. Support and Movement
    ii. ___
    What does it include?
    What does it do?
    • muscular system
    • muscles tendons
    • provide body movement, posture, body heat
  12. Integration and Coordination
    i. __
    What does it include?
    What does it do?
    • nervous system
    • brain, spinal cord, nerves, sense organs
    • integrates info received from sensory receptors and sends motor impulses to muscles and glands
  13. Integration adn Coordination
    ii. __
    What does it include?
    What does it do?
    • endocrine system
    • all glands that secrete hormones
    • helps to integrate metabolic functions
  14. Transport
    i. __
    What does it include?
    What does it do?
    • cardiovascular system
    • heart and blood vessels
    • distributes oxygen and nutrients throughout the body while removing wastes
  15. Transport
    ii. _
    What does it include?
    What does it do?
    • lymphatic system
    • lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, thymus and spleen
    • drains excess tissue fluid and houses cells of immunity
  16. Absorption and Excretion
    i. __
    What does it include?
    What does it do?
    • mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestins and accessory organs
    • receives digests and absorbs nutrients
  17. Absorption and Exretion
    i. __
    What does it include?
    What does it do?
    • respiratory system
    • lungs and passageways
    • exchange gases between the blood and air
  18. Absorption and Exretion
    iii. __
    What does it include?
    What does it do?
    • urinary system
    • kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra
    • removes wastes from the blood and helps to maintain water and electrolyte balance
  19. Reproduction
    i. __
    What does it include?
    What does it do?
    • male reproductive ssyem
    • testes, accessory organs, evessels
    • conduct sperm to the penis
  20. Reproduction
    ii. _
    What does it include?
    What does it do?
    • female reproductive system
    • ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, external genitalia
    • houses the developing offspring

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