zane science ch1

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Author:
gpuckett
ID:
104758
Filename:
zane science ch1
Updated:
2011-09-27 20:17:51
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chapter study guide
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Description:
classifying living things
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  1. A_____ is the smallest unit of a living thing that can perform life processes.
    Cell
  2. Label the part of an animal cell
    
    • cytoplasm
    • cell membranes
    • nucleus
  3. Plan cells have 2 things that animal cells do not have. Those 2 things are ____ and _____.
    chloroplast and cell wall
  4. We use microscopes to make things look _____.
    bigger
  5. Three things scientists look at to sort organisms into different groups are:
    • 1. How many cells does it have.
    • 2. Where does it live.
    • 3. How does it get food.
  6. The largest classification group is a _____.
    Kingdom
  7. ____, _____, and ____ are one-celled organisms.
    • ancient bacteria
    • true bacteria
    • protists
  8. ____, _____, and ____ are many-celled organisms.
    • fungi
    • plants
    • animals
  9. What kingdom do we belong to?
    Animals
  10. ______ plants are plants that have tubes that carry water and nutrients.
    vascular
  11. Nonvascular plants do not have tubes. They pass water and nutrients from ____ to ____.
    cell to cell
  12. ______ is an example of a vascular plant.
    bamboo
  13. _____ is an example of a nonvascular plant.
    Moss
  14. Two ways plants reproduce is by ____ and _____.
    seeds and spores
  15. Scientists classify animals into 2 major groups: ____ and ____.
    Vertebrates and Invertebrates
  16. ____ have backbones.
    Vertebrates
  17. Five classes of vertebrates are:
    • 1. fish
    • 2. amphibians
    • 3. reptiles
    • 4. birds
    • 5. mammals
  18. Invertebrates DO NOT have a backbone. Three classes of invertebrates are:
    • 1. worms
    • 2. arthropods
    • 3. mullosks
  19. ______ are invertebrates that have jointed legs and an exoskeleton.
    arthropods
  20. _______ are invertbrates that have soft bodies and live inside of a shell.
    mullusks
  21. An _____ trait is a physical feature that a young gets from its parents.
    Inherited
  22. An ______ is a behavior that animals are born knowing.
    Instinct
  23. An _____ is a physical feature or behavior that helps an animal get food, protect itself, move, or reproduce.
    adaptation
  24. Sort the animals into 2 groups: Vertebrate or invertebrate.
    spider, snail, monkey, crab, cow, bird, fish, earthworm, octupus, clam, snake, frog
    • Vertebrate: monkey, fish, cow, snake, bird, frog
    • Invertebrate: spider, snail, earthworm, crab, octubpus, clam

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