Chapter 1 Art History
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The definition of art:
- (A HUMAN PHENOMENON)
- Art is a primarily visual medium that is used to express ideas about our human experience and the world around us.
What is art for whom and when?
- →Art is whatever a society or a culture says is art.
- →Not a universal or fixed definition. →Fluctuates, because cultures are alive and changing.
Functions of Art
- →Assists in rituals
- →Reflects customs
- →Helps us imagine the divine
- →Commemorates the dead
- →Glorifies the state
- →Protests political and social
- →Celebrates war and conquest
- →Promotes cohesion
- →Records likenesses
- →Educates us
- →Entertains us
ART HAS VISUAL FORM
allows the work to be seen or touched, and ideas to be communicated.
- the formal elements, line, shape, color, texture, mass, volume, space.
- →composition, the arrangement of formal elements
- →materials from which the artwork is made.
Art has content
ideas associated with each artwork
- communicated through:
- →symbolic meaning
- →where it is used or displayed
- →customs, beliefs, and values of the culture
- →writings that explain the work
- →a branch of philosophy dealing with art, its sources, forms, and effects.
- →goes beyond individual tastes or preferences.
- →is a critical reflection on art.
- →reflects the culture’s preferences.
focused and concentrated looking
reflects the artists’ responses to their life experiences and the world around them.
art is the expression of the artist’s perception and response
- Creativity allows us to originate something or to cause some object to come into being.
- •What that means exactly can vary from culture to culture.
2 essential ingredients ofcreativity in the US?
are sometimes distinguished from art.
- →refers to specific media, ceramics, glass, jewelry, weaving, and woodworking…
- →involves making objects rather than images.
- →objects often have a utilitarian purpose.
- Style is the manner of artistic expression:
- →of an individual artist
- →of a historic period
- →of an entire civilization
recognizable imagery that is depicted as seen in nature.
contains entities from the world in recognizable form.
natural imagery is modified, strives for perfection within the bounds, values and aesthetics of a particular culture.
- →art that is orderly, balanced, clear, well proportioned.
- →describes a point in the evolution of styles
- →represents the full development of a certain style.
- →(with a capital C), refers specifically to art made in Greece in the 5th C. BCE.
Expressive or expressionist styles of art communicate
- →heightened emotions
- →a sense of urgency or spontaneity.
- →appear bold and immediate
- →feature distorted, abstracted imagery
- →appear asymmetrical
- →have textured surfaces, thick paint application
- →contains bizarre or fantastic arrangements
- – of images or materials.
- →taps the workings of the unconscious mind.
contains imagery generated by the artist.
is the same as “nonobjective,”
imagery may or may not be recognizable, but derived from reality by distorting, enlarging, and/or dissecting from nature.
- are apparent when studying a particular art form that appears globally.
- →Islamic mosques are built globally.
- →Local solutions are different from each other.
refers to the distinguishing characteristics of an artist’s work.
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