GRES Science Vocabulary

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Author:
karenwhitman
ID:
104773
Filename:
GRES Science Vocabulary
Updated:
2011-10-16 22:00:23
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GRES 5th grade vocabulary words
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science vocabulary
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  1. broken
    frayed
  2. used to measure mass
    triple beam balance or pan balance
  3. measures temperature
    thermometer
  4. measures distance or length
    meter stick
  5. measures time
    stopwatch
  6. a tall thin tube used to measure volume
    beaker
  7. used to measure volume
    graduated cylinder
  8. to smell gently by waving something toward your nose and inhaling it gently
    waft to whiff
  9. a ruler that is used to measure distance in centimeters and meters
    metric ruler
  10. metric temperature scale
    celsius
  11. used to protect your eyes
    safety goggles
  12. protects your clothing
    apron
  13. magnifies small objects
    hand lens
  14. lets you see tiny objects that we could not see with the naked eye
    microscope
  15. magnifies objects far away, such as a planet
    telescope
  16. used to measure liquid by drops
    eyedropper
  17. determines direction
    compass
  18. attracts iron
    magnet
  19. used to gather live animals
    collecting net
  20. used to grow bacteria
    petri dish
  21. used to heat liquid
    hotplate
  22. a plan that scientists use to document each step so that other scientists will believe their findings
    scientific method
  23. a clear statement of what is to be done
    problem
  24. a possible answer to the problem
    hypothesis
  25. in an experiment, the thing that is changed as a result of the experiment
    variable
  26. in an experiment, the thing that the scientist makes sure remains the same
    control
  27. one of the three forms of matter
    state
  28. a state of matter that has a fixed shape and a fixed volume
    solid
  29. a state of matter that has a fixed volume, but its shape changes to match the shape of its container
    liquid
  30. a state of matter that does not have a fixed shape or volume
    gas
  31. liquid changes to a gas - 100 degrees C for water
    boiling point
  32. liquid changes to a solid - 0 degrees C for water
    freezing point
  33. solid changes to a liquid - 0 degrees C for water
    melting point
  34. anything that has mass and takes up space
    matter
  35. the amount of matter an object has
    mass
  36. the amount of space taken up by matter
    volume
  37. the measure of the amount of gravity acting on an object's mass
    weight
  38. the amount of mass an object has in a known volume
    density
  39. characteristic used to describe matter
    property
  40. a characteristic of matter that can be observed or measured and can be changed without changing the matter itself
    physical property
  41. how a substance feels or looks
    texture
  42. how a substance smells
    odor
  43. allows something (like electricity or heat) to easily flow through it
    conductor
  44. does not allow something (like electricity or heat) to pass through it easily
    insulator
  45. attracted to a magnetic force
    magnetic
  46. all materials in the universe
    matter
  47. two or more materials mixed or stirred together
    mixture
  48. the process of a material mixing with a liquid in a special way (salt water)
    dissolve
  49. a special mixture formed when a material dissolves in a liquid and cannot be filtered out
    solution
  50. a solution is saturated when as much solid material as possible has dissolved in a liquid and any additional solid material sits on the bottom
    saturation
  51. a characteristic of an object; something you can observe such as size, color, shape, or texture
    property
  52. to dry up; to change from a liquid into a gas
    evaporation
  53. the property that substances have of dissolving in solvents, such as the solubility of salt in water
    soluble
  54. a solution in which no more material will dissolve; additional material settles to the bottom
    saturated solution
  55. the amount of material dissolved in a measure of liquid; the more material dissolves in the liquid, the more concentrated the solution. (strong)
    concentration
  56. to make a solution less concentrated, usually by adding more liquid (weak)
    dilute
  57. the three-dimensional space occupied by something
    volume
  58. a change that occurs as a result of mixing two or more materials together. A reaction results in the formation of new materials with different properties from the original ones.
    chemical reaction
  59. the ability to do work
    energy
  60. energy created by the sun
    solar energy
  61. energy that travels in waves and can move through empty spaces
    light energy
  62. energy in moving objects and objects at rest
    mechanical energy
  63. energy created by charged particles
    electrical energy
  64. energy created by vibrating objects
    sound energy
  65. energy created by heat
    thermal energy
  66. energy in foods and fuels (battery cells)
    chemical energy
  67. the bouncing back of light
    reflection
  68. the bending of light rays as they move from one material into another material
    refraction
  69. lets some light through
    translucent
  70. lets all light through
    trasparent
  71. no light goes through
    opaque

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