MICRO FINAL REVIEW

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Author:
jesssnod
ID:
10482
Filename:
MICRO FINAL REVIEW
Updated:
2010-03-14 20:11:26
Tags:
REPRODUCTIVE
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Description:
DISEASES
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  1. Gonorrhea
    • Bacterial
    • Pathogen: Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    • STI
    • 60% (age 15 to 24)
    • single unprotected exposure
    • men: painful urination, pus
    • women: few symptoms; can lead to PID
  2. Nongonococcal Urethitis (NGU)
    • Bacterial
    • Pathogen: Chlamydia trachomatis
    • 50% men/70% women are unaware of infection
    • painful urination and watery discharge
  3. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
    • Bacterial
    • Pathogen: N. gonorrhoeae, C. trachomatis, polymicrobial
    • bacterial infection of female pelvic organs
    • salpingitis (infection of uterine tubes)- blocks passage of ova
    • Blocked uterine can result in ectopic pregnancy
  4. Syphilis
    • Bacterial
    • Pathogen: Treponema pallidum- gram-negative spirochete, corkscrew like motility
    • sexual contact
    • Primary Stage- painless chancre
    • Secondary Stage- skin rashes, loss of hair, latent, not infectious
    • Tertiary Stage- (25% untreated cases) affected tissues or lesions
    • Congenital syphilis- across placenta
    • VDRL test
  5. Genital Herpes
    • Viral
    • Pathogen: Herpes simplex virus type 2
    • STI
    • one in four unaware of infection
    • lesions after one week causing burning sensation
    • PCR testing
  6. Genital warts
    • Viral
    • Pathogen: human papillomaviruses (HPV)
    • warts
    • rarely cause cancer, which is most serious concern
  7. Candidiasis
    • Fungal
    • Pathogen: Candida albicans- yeastlike fungi, often grows on mucous membranes of mouth, intestinal tract, and genitourinary tract
    • lesions, itching, thick yellow discharge
    • Diagnosed with microscopic exam
  8. Trichomoniasis
    • Protozoan
    • Pathogen: Trichomonas vaginalis
    • usually sexually transmitted
    • normally acidity of vagina disturbed-->overgrowth normal microbiota population of genital mucosa
    • Diagnosed by Microscopic exam

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