Medical Terminology

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vivianamg
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104837
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Medical Terminology
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2011-09-28 00:48:51
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sudy guide chapter1
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study guide test 1 with translation
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  1. Endoscope
    (endoscopio)
    An illuminated optic instrument for the visualization of the interior of a body cavity or organ.
  2. Endoscopy
    (endoscopia)
    Visual inspection of a cavity of the body by means of an endoscope.
  3. Blood pressure
    (presión arterial)
    Pressure exerted by the circulating volume of blood on the walls of the arteries and veins on the chambers of the heart.
  4. Thermometer
    (termómetro)
    Instrument for measuring temperature.
  5. Aden
    (glándula)
    Word root meaning gland
  6. Gram
    • A record
    • (un récord)
  7. Scopy
    • Visual examination
    • (examinación visual)
  8. Graphy
    • Process of recording
    • (registro)
  9. Graph
    • Instrument used to record
    • (instrumento utilizado para registrar)
  10. Catheter
    (catéter)
    A hollow flexible tube that can be inserted into a cavity of the body to withdraw or to instill fluids, perform tests, or visualize a vessel or cavity.
  11. Incision
    (incisión)
    Cutting into
  12. CAT scan
    • Computed Axial Tomography
    • (tomografía axial computada)
  13. PET scan
    • Positron emission tomography
    • (tomografía por emisión de positrones)
  14. ROM
    • Range Of Motion
    • (rango de movimiento)
  15. Mastectomy
    (mastectomía)
    excision of a breast
  16. Semi
    prefix meanig half
  17. MRI
    • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    • (imágenes de resonancia magnética)
  18. Centi
    Prefix that indicates a 100th of a meter
  19. Fatigue
    (fatiga)
    State of exhaustion or a loss of strengh or endurance.
  20. Ultrasonic
    (ultrasónico)
    Sound frequencies so high they cannot be perceived by the human ear.
  21. Ultraviolet
    (ultravioleta)
    Light beyond the visible spectrum at its violet end, with poweful properties like sunburn and tanning of the skin.
  22. Uni
    Bi
    Tri
    • refers to one
    • refers to two
    • refers to three
  23. Types of injection/needle insertion
    • Subcutaneous/45 degree angle
    • Intramuscular/90 degree angle
    • Intradermal/10 degree angle
    • Intravenous
  24. Null
    Word root indicating none
  25. Epidemic
    (epidemia)
    Attack of several people of a region at a time.
  26. Precancerous
    (precanceroso)
    means likely to become cancer
  27. Microscopic
    (microscópico)
    structures extremelly small in size and visible only by the aide of a microscope.
  28. Antidepressant
    (antidepresivo)
    • Anti_preventing or relieving
    • preventing or relieving depression.Agent that is used to treat the symptoms of depression.
  29. Dysphoria
    (disforia)
    • Dys_bad or difficult
    • restlessnes,depression or anguish
  30. Celcius
    A temperature scale in which 0o is the freezing point of water and 100o is the boiling point of water at sea level.
  31. Centigrade
    (centígrado)
    same as celcius where 0o is the freezing point and 100o is the boiling point of water at sea level
  32. Fahrenheit
    On the Fahrenheit scale, the freezing point of water is 32 degrees Fahrenheit (°F) and the boiling point 212 °F (at standard atmospheric pressure). This puts the boiling and freezing points of water exactly 180 degrees apart
  33. Body Cavities
    (cavidades del cuerpo)
    Two principal cavities of the body.Dorsal and ventral,each further subdivided.
  34. Body Planes
    (planos del cuerpo)
    Also called anatomic planes are imaginary flat surfaces that are used to identify the position of the body in relation to the anatomic position.
  35. ACS
    American Cancer Society
    Sociedad Americana del Cáncer
  36. AIDS
    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
    • SIDA
    • Síndrome Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida
  37. Allergy
    Alergía
  38. Ambulatory
    Ambulatorio
  39. Anatomy
    Anatomía
  40. Anemia
    Anemia
  41. Anesthesia
    Anestesia
  42. Anterior,ventral
    Anterior,ventral
  43. Antibiotic
    Antibiótico
  44. Antibodies
    Anticuerpos
  45. Antigen
    Antígeno
  46. Antiseptic
    Antiséptico
  47. Aspiration
    Aspiración
  48. Autopsy
    Autopsia
  49. Biopsy
    Biopsia
  50. Blood Sample
    Muestra de Sangre
  51. Blood Transfusion
    Transfusión de Sangre,transferencia de sangre.
  52. Breast
    Seno
  53. Calculus
    Cálculo
  54. Capillaries
    Capilares
  55. Carcinogen
    Carcinógeno
  56. CBC
    Complete blood count
    • CSC
    • Conteno Sanguineo Completo
  57. CDC
    Center Disease Control
    Centro para el control de Enfermedades
  58. Cell
    Célula

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