Medical Terminology

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Medical Terminology
2011-09-28 00:48:51
sudy guide chapter1

study guide test 1 with translation
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  1. Endoscope
    An illuminated optic instrument for the visualization of the interior of a body cavity or organ.
  2. Endoscopy
    Visual inspection of a cavity of the body by means of an endoscope.
  3. Blood pressure
    (presión arterial)
    Pressure exerted by the circulating volume of blood on the walls of the arteries and veins on the chambers of the heart.
  4. Thermometer
    Instrument for measuring temperature.
  5. Aden
    Word root meaning gland
  6. Gram
    • A record
    • (un récord)
  7. Scopy
    • Visual examination
    • (examinación visual)
  8. Graphy
    • Process of recording
    • (registro)
  9. Graph
    • Instrument used to record
    • (instrumento utilizado para registrar)
  10. Catheter
    A hollow flexible tube that can be inserted into a cavity of the body to withdraw or to instill fluids, perform tests, or visualize a vessel or cavity.
  11. Incision
    Cutting into
  12. CAT scan
    • Computed Axial Tomography
    • (tomografía axial computada)
  13. PET scan
    • Positron emission tomography
    • (tomografía por emisión de positrones)
  14. ROM
    • Range Of Motion
    • (rango de movimiento)
  15. Mastectomy
    excision of a breast
  16. Semi
    prefix meanig half
  17. MRI
    • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    • (imágenes de resonancia magnética)
  18. Centi
    Prefix that indicates a 100th of a meter
  19. Fatigue
    State of exhaustion or a loss of strengh or endurance.
  20. Ultrasonic
    Sound frequencies so high they cannot be perceived by the human ear.
  21. Ultraviolet
    Light beyond the visible spectrum at its violet end, with poweful properties like sunburn and tanning of the skin.
  22. Uni
    • refers to one
    • refers to two
    • refers to three
  23. Types of injection/needle insertion
    • Subcutaneous/45 degree angle
    • Intramuscular/90 degree angle
    • Intradermal/10 degree angle
    • Intravenous
  24. Null
    Word root indicating none
  25. Epidemic
    Attack of several people of a region at a time.
  26. Precancerous
    means likely to become cancer
  27. Microscopic
    structures extremelly small in size and visible only by the aide of a microscope.
  28. Antidepressant
    • Anti_preventing or relieving
    • preventing or relieving depression.Agent that is used to treat the symptoms of depression.
  29. Dysphoria
    • Dys_bad or difficult
    • restlessnes,depression or anguish
  30. Celcius
    A temperature scale in which 0o is the freezing point of water and 100o is the boiling point of water at sea level.
  31. Centigrade
    same as celcius where 0o is the freezing point and 100o is the boiling point of water at sea level
  32. Fahrenheit
    On the Fahrenheit scale, the freezing point of water is 32 degrees Fahrenheit (°F) and the boiling point 212 °F (at standard atmospheric pressure). This puts the boiling and freezing points of water exactly 180 degrees apart
  33. Body Cavities
    (cavidades del cuerpo)
    Two principal cavities of the body.Dorsal and ventral,each further subdivided.
  34. Body Planes
    (planos del cuerpo)
    Also called anatomic planes are imaginary flat surfaces that are used to identify the position of the body in relation to the anatomic position.
  35. ACS
    American Cancer Society
    Sociedad Americana del Cáncer
  36. AIDS
    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
    • SIDA
    • Síndrome Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida
  37. Allergy
  38. Ambulatory
  39. Anatomy
  40. Anemia
  41. Anesthesia
  42. Anterior,ventral
  43. Antibiotic
  44. Antibodies
  45. Antigen
  46. Antiseptic
  47. Aspiration
  48. Autopsy
  49. Biopsy
  50. Blood Sample
    Muestra de Sangre
  51. Blood Transfusion
    Transfusión de Sangre,transferencia de sangre.
  52. Breast
  53. Calculus
  54. Capillaries
  55. Carcinogen
  56. CBC
    Complete blood count
    • CSC
    • Conteno Sanguineo Completo
  57. CDC
    Center Disease Control
    Centro para el control de Enfermedades
  58. Cell