English and French Colonial Wars.
--England and France fought a series of wars lasting over a period of seventy-five years. The first three wars had very little effect on the possessions of both countries in the New World. The fourth war, called the French and Indian War (1756–1763), drove out the French from the mainland of the North American continent
--The first war, King William's War (named for King William III of England), took place entirely in Europe. The second war, Queen Anne's War, ended with the English gaining control of the area known today as Nova Scotia, as well as the Hudson Bay region and Newfoundland.
--The third war, from 1744–1748, was the first clash between the French and the English in the New World. Named King George's War, for King George II of England, it was the North American portion of a European conflict known as the War of Austrian Succession. The French seized the prosperous sugar island of St. Lucia in the West Indies, and the British, with the aid of their colonies, captured Louisbourg on Cape Breton Island off Nova Scotia.
--The war ended in a draw in 1748, and a peace treaty provided that the land captured by both sides during the fighting had to be returned to its original owners. The English returned Cape Breton to the French, but the French remained in St. Lucia. This treachery became one more area of contention between the French and the English.
--England tried to negotiate a settlement for the return of St. Lucia. The French responded by complaining about England's aggression in other places, especially the building of an English stronghold in Nova Scotia.
--The French began winning several of the important Indian tribes over to their side by telling them that they would protect them from the English. To show that they meant what they said, the French began to build forts in key areas where there might be possible conflict with the English. However, the English responded by building forts of their own.