Section III

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Author:
lacythecoolest
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104935
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Section III
Updated:
2011-10-03 17:26:22
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Therapeutics III
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68Q
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  1. Has a lid-like structure that covers the larynx when food is swallowed
    Epiglottis
  2. A large, J-shaped bag with strong muscles
    Stomach
  3. Part of the small intestine that secretes enzymes
    Duodenum
  4. Small pear-shaped sac that is about four inches in length, and one inch in breadth at its widest part and appears dark green because of its contents
    Gall Bladder
  5. Chronic condition in which stomach acid moves back into the esophagus from the stomach. As the condition worsens or is not treated, erosions of the esophagus may occur
    Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
  6. A craterlike lesion of the muscosal lining of the stomach or duodenum
    Peptic Ulcer
  7. Impaired absorption of nutrients from the small intestine
    Malabsorption
  8. The passage of fluid or unformed stools caused by a vary from viral to bacterial infections, food poisoning, some antibiotics or intestinal disorders
    Diarrhea
  9. Inflammation of the liver
    Hepatitis
  10. Yellow discoloration of the sclera of the ye and skin, darkened urine, light-colored stools, anorexia, malaise, and fatigue
    Jaundice
  11. Inflammation of the pancreas which can lead to excess production of pancreatic enzymes that digest pancreatic cells
    Pancreatitis
  12. Used for antacid May also be used as a source of dietary calcium
    Calcium Carbonate (Florical) TUMs
  13. Used for antacid-cathartic (osmotic) Avoid magnesium containing products if in renal failure
    Magnesium Hydroxide or Magnesium Oxide (Mild of Magnesia, MOM)
  14. Used for Antiflatulent
    Simethicone(Mylicon)
  15. Drug used for malabsorption syndrome caused by pancreatic insufficiency
    Pancrelipase (Pancrease, Creon, Ultrase)
  16. Misoprostol
    Cytotec
  17. Sucralfate
    Carafate
  18. GI Protectants
    Sucralfate (Carafate) Misoprostol (Cytotec)
  19. Cimetidine
    Tagamet
  20. H2 receptor antagonists
    Famotideine (Pepcid) Ranitidine (Zantac) Nizatidine (Axid) Cimetidine (Tagamet)
  21. Drug class used for GERD, PUD
    H2 receptor antagonists
  22. Esomeprazole
    Nexium
  23. Lansoprazole
    Prevacid
  24. Rabeprazole
    Aciphex
  25. Pantoprazole
    Protonix
  26. Omeprazole
    Prilosec
  27. Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs)
    Pantoprazole (Protonix) Omeprazole (Prilosec) Lansoprazole (Prevacid) Esomeprazole (Nexium) Rabeprazole (Aciphex)
  28. Drug class that are used for GERD, PUD, H. pylori infection
    Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs)
  29. Antiemetics
    Prochloroperazine (Compazine) Promethazine (Phenergan) Metoclopramide (Reglan)
  30. Agents which prevent or alleviate nausea or vomiting
    Antiemetics
  31. Treats GERD
    Side effects: EPS including tardive dyskinesias and acute dystonic reactions
    Metoclopramide (Reglan)
  32. Antiemetic Antihistamines
    Dimenhydrinate (Dramamine) Meclizine (Antivert)
  33. And Antiemetic Anticholinergic that you can use as a patch
    Scopolamine (Transderm-Scop)
  34. Related to the opioids however it is not habit forming Use-antidiarrheal
    Loperamide (Imodium)
  35. A controlled substance that is combined with atropine to decrease the potential for abuse
    Diphenoxylate 2.5mg with Atropine 25mg (Lomotil)
  36. An inability to have a normal bowel evacuation without the stimulatory effect of a cathartic
    Cathartic habit
  37. An agent that causes bowel evacuation
    Cathartic (laxative)
  38. Use: Cathartic-Useful to prevent constipation in patients on medications such as opioids or antichloinergics
    Docusate Sodium (Colace) & Docusate Calcium (Surfak)
  39. Works by lubricating the surface of the stool Use: Cathartic-fecal impaction
    Mineral oil
  40. Osmotic Cathartics
    Saline Laxatives Magnesium Citrate Glycerin
  41. Composed of sodium or magnesium salts Uses cathartic
    Saline Laxatives
  42. Used for cathartic bowel evacuant prior to medical procedures
    Magnesium Citrate
  43. Considered a hyperosmotic laxative that produces a bowel movement by combining an osmotic effect with the local irritant effect of sodium stearate
    Glycerin
  44. Inflammation of the gums caused by acteria or periodontal disease
    Gingivitis
  45. Inflammation of the mucous lining of the mouth-often caused by chemotherapy
    Stomatitis
  46. Used for the dissolution of radiolucent gallstones by suppressing hepatic synthesis and cholesterol secretion
    Urosodiol (Actigall)
  47. Inflammation of the liver
    Hepatitis
  48. Salicylate derivatives that decrease inflammation in the GI tract Used as maintenacnce therapy in patients with mild to moderate colitis and ileocolitis
    Sulfasalazine and Mesalamine
  49. Chemicals/substances that can damage cells and even the DNA that tell the cells how to behave
    Free Radicals
  50. Chemicals contained in food that inactivate free radicals
    Antioxidants
  51. United States Recommended Daily Allowances-values derived from the RDA by the Food and Drug Administration as standards for nutritional labeling
    USDA
  52. Recommedned Dietary Allowances-prepared by the National Academy of Sciences - Food and Nutrition Board
    RDA
  53. An inorganic compound that is necessary in the diet of mammals for the maintenance of normal growth, metabolism and reporduction
    Mineral
  54. An organic compound that is necessary in the diet of mammals for the maintenance of normal growth, metabolism and reproduction
    Vitamin
  55. Natural Sources: Liver, kidney, and milk
    Vitamin A (retinol, beta carotene)
  56. Natural Sources: Vegetable oils, wheat germ, fresh nuts, green leafy vegetables
    Vitamin E (Aquasol-E Tocopherol)
  57. Natural Sources: Green leafy vegetables, liver and GI flora
    Vitamin K (Aqua-mephyton Phytonadione)
  58. Natural Sources: yeast, lean meats, eggs, and whole grain cerals
    Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
  59. Natural Sources: Meats, milk, salt water fish
    Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)
  60. Natural Sources: citrus fruits, tomatoes, potatoes and green leafy foods
    Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
  61. The oral treatment for acne
    Isotretinoin - Accutane, Amnesteem, Claravis
  62. What drug treats pain from shingles
    Capsaicin - Capzasin, Zostrix
  63. What two drugs treat external genital warts?
    Podofilox - Condylox Imiquimod - Aldara
  64. Capsaicin
    Capzasin Zostrix
  65. Imiquimod
    Aldara
  66. Podofilox
    Condylox
  67. What drug is used for Rosacea?
    Metronidazole - Metrogel
  68. Drug class for Mupirocin/Bactroban and Metronidazole/Metrogel
    Topical Anti-infectives
  69. Metronidazole
    Metrogel
  70. What drug is used for the eradication of nasal colonization with MRSA in adults?
    Mupriocin - Bactroban
  71. Metronidazole
    Metrogel
  72. Drug class for Mupirocin/Bactroban and Metronidazole/Metrogel
    Topical Anti-infectives
  73. What drug is used for Rosacea?
    Metronidazole - Metrogel
  74. Podofilox
    Condylox
  75. Imiquimod
    Aldara
  76. Capsaicin
    Capzasin Zostrix
  77. What two drugs treat external genital warts?
    Podofilox - Condylox Imiquimod - Aldara
  78. What drug treats pain from shingles
    Capsaicin - Capzasin, Zostrix
  79. The oral treatment for acne
    Isotretinoin - Accutane, Amnesteem, Claravis
  80. Antidiarrheal Agents
    • Diphenoxylate w/atropine - Lomotil
    • Loperamide - Imodium
  81. Inflammation, degradation, and necrosis lof liver cells often leading to cirrhosis
    Alcoholic Hepatitis
  82. Inflammation of the gall baldder or common bile duct usually caused by lodging of a gallstone in the bile duct
    Symptoms are abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant
    Cholecystitis
  83. An accumulation of excess fluid in the peritoneal cavity caused by cirrhosis, heart failure, pericarditis, nephrotic syndrom or malnutrition
    Ascites
  84. Acute infection of mild severity that does not become a chronic condition
    Hepatitis A
  85. Chronic infection, more serious than A, about 10% of patients develop chronic liver problems such as cirrhosis
    Hepatitis B
  86. Inflammation of the outpouching of the wall of the colon
    Diverticulosis/Diverticulitis
  87. Chronic inflammation of the colon caused by fungal, bacterial, infectious, associated with antibiotic associated, radiation or ulcers
    Colitis
  88. Treatment for gingivitis
    Chlorhexidine Gluconate - Peridex
  89. Treatment for Cholelithiasis
    Urosodiol - Actigall

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