4. Narrative Skills - difficulty with narrative structure, story components, effective use of pronouns and significantly fewer connectives.
Difficulty with Literacy
1. Deficits in print conventions, phonological awareness, metalinguistic abilities, narrative abilities that underlie reading abilities.
2. Persisting difficulty with reading and writing that frequently lasts into adulthood.
The deficits exhibited by SLI Children are heterogenous?
T or F
a variety of specialist may be involved
Name the different treatment techniques for SLI (8)
1. Incidental/Milieu Teaching
2. Focused Stimulation
4. Parallel Talk
Define Incidental/Milieu Teaching; one of the treatment techniques for SLI
Settings, play therapy, unstructured
- interactions that arise out of everyday routines to cultivate communication and natural responding.
Define Focused Stimulation; one of the treatment techniques for SLI
Clinician repeatedly models the targeted structure during a supporting activitey.
Define Self-Talk; one of the treatment techniques for SLI
Clinician describes his or her own activities while playing with the child.
Define Parallel Talk; one of the treatment techniques for SLI
Clinician comments on the child's activities
Define Expansion; one of the treatment techniques for SLI
Clinician expands incomplete utterances into grammatically more complete structures.
Define Extension; one of the treatment techniques for SLI
Build ups and Break downs. ex blue blocks
- Clinician comments on child's utterances adding new semantic information.
Define Mand-model; one of the treatment techniques for SLI
Clinician uses attractive materials to interest the child then mands (requests) a response from the child to obtain materials.
Define recasting; one of the treatment techniques for SLI
Clinician repeats child's utterances wihle recasting (reformulating) it into different grammatical form. (ex. sentences are recast as questions)
ex. the boy is running
is the boy running
what is the boy doing?
- rephase helps with grammatical structure.
Review Fast Forward in our notes, too much to add here.
Late talkers generally "catch up" in alnguage and reading skills by the early grades.
SLI children are more varied?
-Some Catch up
-some continue to exhitbit depressed language skills compared to their other skills
-chldren who have not caught up continue to exhitbit reading difficulties even into adolescence and adulthood.
Between ________ and ______ percent of preschoolers with early language impairment develop _______ difficulities later, often in conjuction with broader academic achievement problems.
Regardless of a child's general cognitive ablilites or therapeutic history, in general the risk of reading problems is greatest when a childs language inpariment is severe in any area broad in scope over the preschool years.
True or False
The SLI group in one study had significantly __________ global self-esteem scores than the group with typical language ablilites.
Adolescents with SLI have been shown to be more outgoing than their peers?
T or F
False - they tend to by shyer
Olders adolescents with SLI are at risk of lower global self-esteem and experience shyness, although they want to interact socially.
T or F
Children with SLI have been shown to have ___________ social skills and fewer peer relationships, and were _________ satisifed with the peer relationships in which they participated when compared with their age-matched classmates.
When SLI persists, social skills are ___________ and may persist as __________ maladjustment in adulthood.
Variables related to Positive Prognosis
(5) of them?