Rehab Techniques

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Author:
Vincent
ID:
104970
Filename:
Rehab Techniques
Updated:
2011-09-28 17:02:50
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Facilitations Inhibitions
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Description:
Facilitations and Inhibition
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  1. To free from difficulties or obstacles; to make easier; to assist something to happen.
    Facilitation
  2. To hold back or repress.
    Inhibition
  3. The physiological readiness of the human system for activity.
    Arousal
  4. Awake and attentive to normal levels of stimulation.
    Alert
  5. Appears drowsy and may fall asleep, if not stimulated in some way.
    Lethargic
  6. Difficult to arouse from a somnolent state and frequently confused when awake.
    Obtunded
  7. Responds only to strong, generally noxious stimuli and returns to unconscious when the stimulus is removed.
    Stupor
  8. Cannot be aroused by any type of stimulation.
    Coma
  9. Responsible for superficial sensations via skin and subcutaneous tissue (pain, temperature, light, touch, pressure)
    Exteroceptors
  10. Responsible for deep sensation via muscles, tendons, joints, ligaments, deep fascia (proprioception, kinesthesia, vibration)
    Proprioceptors
  11. Slow, maintained stretch, applied at maximum available lengthened range.
    Prolonged stretch
  12. Deep, maintained pressure across longitudinal axis of tendons; maintained pressure on muscles.
    Inhibitory pressure
  13. Brief light contact to skin.
    Light touch
  14. - Retention of body heat
    - Generalized inhibition of tone
    - Calming effect, relaxation
    - Wrapping the body or body parts: blankets, ace wrap
    Neutral warmth
  15. - Inhibits tone and decreased neural firing
    - May get a sympathetic nervous system response such as a withdrawal
    - Immersion in cold water or ice chips, ice packs, ice massage, cryocuff
    Prolonged ice
  16. - Activates primarily otolith organs
    - Inhibits or dampens of muscle tone
    - Decreases arousal
    - Dampens vestibulospinal input
    Slow vestibular stimulation
  17. - Activates semicircular canals and otolith organs
    - Generalized arousal
    - Stimulates vestibulospinal input
    - Stimulates vestibuloocular reflex
    - Contraindicated for patients with seizures
    Fast irregular vestibular stimulation
  18. Can increase or decrease arousal with light, color, familiar objects, and/or visual background.
    Augmented visual stimulation
  19. Maximum resistance produces overflow from strong to weak or to contralateral extremity.
    Irradiation or overflow
  20. - Compression of joint surfaces activates joint receptors
    - Facilitates postural extensors and contraction for stabilizing
    Joint approximation
  21. Brief stretch applied to a muscle to activate muscle spindles.
    Quick stretch
  22. Stroking with fingers and palm over a muscle or muscle group to initiate a contraction by approximating fibers.
    Sweep tapping
  23. Also called postexcitatory inhibition with stretch, range of motion, and rotation.
    Shaking
  24. Slow, rhythmic movement along the long axis of the body or long axis of extremity.
    Rotation

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