diazepam valium

Card Set Information

Author:
jscott
ID:
105117
Filename:
diazepam valium
Updated:
2011-09-29 00:45:19
Tags:
pharm
Folders:

Description:
pharm drug diazepam
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  1. diazepam valium class
    benzodiazepine, anticonvulsant, sedative, tranquilizer
  2. diazepam valium action
    • 1. Diazepam potentiates the effects of inhibitory neurotransmitters GABA, hyperpolarising the membrane potential ans raising the seizures threshold in the motor cortex.
    • 2. Onset of action is within 1-5 minutes for IVP and immediate for rectal
  3. diazepam valium use
    • 1. Drug if choice for seizures.
    • 2. Sedation prior to cardioversion of aconscious pt.
  4. diazepam valium side effects
    hypotension, reflex tachycardia, respiratory depression, ataxia, psychomotor impairment, confusion, nausea.
  5. diazepam valium contraindications
    hypersensitivity to the drug, substance abuse, coma, shock
  6. diazepam valium preparations
    • 20mg/ 2ml ampule preload
    • 10mg/ 2ml ampule preload
  7. diazepam valium adult dose
    IVP only: 2-10mg slowly. repeat 5-15 minutes p.r.n max dose 30mg
  8. diazepam valium pedi dose
    • IVP: 0.1-0.2mg/kg slowly. repeat 5-15 minutes p.r.n max dose 20mg
    • rectal: 0.5mg/kg flush w/ 2-3ml saline
  9. diazepam valium route
    IVP, RECTAL

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