EMT-B Test 2 Part 4

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
10530
Filename:
EMT-B Test 2 Part 4
Updated:
2010-03-14 22:50:58
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ZachEMTB4
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Description:
EMT-B Test 2 - Quiz 2
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  1. What are you assessing when determining a general impression?
    Sick or not sick.
  2. AAOx4 stands for
    Alert, awake, and oriented to persons, place, time, and event.
  3. List four points to note while performing a scene size up
    • Scene safety
    • BSI
    • Number of patients
    • Need for additional resources
    • MOI or NOI
  4. The most important part of doing a medical assessment is to:
    Get a good history
  5. What are the four areas checked when a patient has a decreased LOC?
    • A: Alert
    • V: Verbal
    • P: Painful
    • U: Unresponsive
  6. What are the six phases of an assessment?
    • Scene size up
    • Initial assessment
    • Focused medical
    • Focused trauma
    • Detailed assessment
    • Ongoing assessment
  7. List the three areas and the high and low score of each.
    • Eyes: 1-4
    • Verbal: 1-5
    • Motor: 1-6
    • Total: 3-15
  8. What are two causes of unequal pupils?
    • Aniscoria
    • Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA)
  9. Define aniscoria
    Unequal pupils that occur naturally.
  10. What is the pneumonic used in determining a patient's history?
    • S: Signs and symptoms
    • A: Allergies
    • M: Medications
    • P: Pertinent past medical history
    • L: Last oral intake / last menses
    • E: Events leading up to the problem
  11. List six findings to look for when assessing an airway
    • Sounds
    • Phonation
    • Mentation
    • Color
    • Edema
    • LOC
    • If it is obstructed
    • Position
    • Patency
  12. The primary cause of cyanosis is
    Hypoxia
  13. List five findings to look for when assessing breathing
    • Rate
    • Depth
    • Strength
    • Color
    • Phonation
    • Effort
    • Sounds
    • LOC
  14. List the five vital signs and the normal ranges for each
    • Pulse: 60-100 bmp
    • Respirations: 12-20 breaths/min
    • Skin: Warm, pink, dry
    • Pupils: PERRL
    • Blood pressure: 120/80
  15. List five findings when assessing circulation
    • Color
    • Strength
    • Central vs peripheral
    • Temperature
    • Bleeding
    • LOC
    • Rate
    • Quality
    • Texture
    • Capillary refill
  16. What is the pneumonic that supplements SAMPLE?
    • O: Onset
    • P: Palliation and provocation
    • Q: Quality
    • R: Rate
    • S: Severity
    • T: Time
  17. What are the four senses and two findings of each used in an assessment?
    • Sight - Smoke, DCAPBTLS, color, pupils
    • Sound: Breath, lung, BP, history
    • Touch: Pain, swelling, temperature, texture, deformity, rigidity
    • Smell: Drugs, alcohol, fruity breath, GI bleed
  18. List five devices you can use to move a patient
    • Stair chair
    • Butt bucket
    • Scoop stretcher
    • Gurney
    • Sheet
    • Back board
    • Slider board
    • KED
  19. List 8 mechanisms of injury that lead to a high index of suspicion.
    • Starred windshields
    • Deployed airbags
    • Ejection
    • Car vs car
    • Car vs human
    • Fall from 2x height onto solid surface
    • Death of another occupant
    • Sudden deceleration
    • Prolonged extrication
    • Greater than 12 inches protrusion into a vehicle compartment
    • Bent steering wheel
    • Puncture to the core of the body
  20. What is bradycardia? List three causes.
    • A slow heart rate.
    • Hypothermia
    • Late hypoxia
    • Depressant drugs
    • Coronary artery disease
  21. What does DCAPBTLS stand for?
    • D: Deformity
    • C: Contusion (scrape)
    • A: Abrasion (bruise) or amputation
    • P: Penetration or puncture
    • B: Burn
    • T: Tenderness
    • L: Lacerations
    • S: Swelling
  22. What is tachycardia? List three causes?
    • High heart rate.
    • Exercise
    • Hyperthermia
    • Hypoxia
    • Stimulants
    • Shock
    • Coronary Artery Disease
  23. List 4 colors you may see on a patient and two causes of each
    • Flushed: Hyperthermia, burns, high blood pressure, allergies, exertion
    • Black: Necrosis, death, burns
    • Cyanosis: Shock, hypothermia, hypoxia
    • Pale: Shock, poor perfusion, hypothermia, burns, hypoxia
    • Jaundice (yellow): Hepatitis, alcoholism, gall bladder and liver failure
  24. List five actions to prevent a back injury
    • Consider the patient's weight
    • Have appropriate number of people lifting
    • Lift with the legs
    • Keep feet a comfortable distance apart
    • Keep back locked
    • Don't reach more than 15 inches
    • Bend at needs
    • Tighten abdominal muscles
    • Avoid twisting
    • Keep back straight
  25. Decorticate posture is:
    • Abnormal flexxion
    • Arms rolled in, wrists bent
    • Legs twisted inward
  26. List three reasons to do an assessment:
    • Scene overview
    • Identify life threats
    • Identify the problem
    • Dictate interventions
    • Determine the interventions outcome
  27. Define decerebrate posture
    • Abnormal extension
    • Wrists pronated
    • Legs stiff and straight

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