EMT-B Test 2 Part 4
Card Set Information
EMT-B Test 2 Part 4
EMT-B Test 2 - Quiz 2
What are you assessing when determining a general impression?
Sick or not sick.
AAOx4 stands for
Alert, awake, and oriented to persons, place, time, and event.
List four points to note while performing a scene size up
Number of patients
Need for additional resources
MOI or NOI
The most important part of doing a medical assessment is to:
Get a good history
What are the four areas checked when a patient has a decreased LOC?
What are the six phases of an assessment?
Scene size up
List the three areas and the high and low score of each.
What are two causes of unequal pupils?
Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA)
Unequal pupils that occur naturally.
What is the pneumonic used in determining a patient's history?
: Signs and symptoms
: Pertinent past medical history
: Last oral intake / last menses
: Events leading up to the problem
List six findings to look for when assessing an airway
If it is obstructed
The primary cause of cyanosis is
List five findings to look for when assessing breathing
List the five vital signs and the normal ranges for each
: 60-100 bmp
: 12-20 breaths/min
: Warm, pink, dry
List five findings when assessing circulation
Central vs peripheral
What is the pneumonic that supplements SAMPLE?
: Palliation and provocation
What are the four senses and two findings of each used in an assessment?
Sight - Smoke, DCAPBTLS, color, pupils
: Breath, lung, BP, history
: Pain, swelling, temperature, texture, deformity, rigidity
: Drugs, alcohol, fruity breath, GI bleed
List five devices you can use to move a patient
List 8 mechanisms of injury that lead to a high index of suspicion.
Car vs car
Car vs human
Fall from 2x height onto solid surface
Death of another occupant
Greater than 12 inches protrusion into a vehicle compartment
Bent steering wheel
Puncture to the core of the body
What is bradycardia? List three causes.
A slow heart rate.
Coronary artery disease
What does DCAPBTLS stand for?
: Contusion (scrape)
: Abrasion (bruise) or amputation
: Penetration or puncture
What is tachycardia? List three causes?
High heart rate.
Coronary Artery Disease
List 4 colors you may see on a patient and two causes of each
: Hyperthermia, burns, high blood pressure, allergies, exertion
: Necrosis, death, burns
: Shock, hypothermia, hypoxia
: Shock, poor perfusion, hypothermia, burns, hypoxia
: Hepatitis, alcoholism, gall bladder and liver failure
List five actions to prevent a back injury
Consider the patient's weight
Have appropriate number of people lifting
Lift with the legs
Keep feet a comfortable distance apart
Keep back locked
Don't reach more than 15 inches
Bend at needs
Tighten abdominal muscles
Keep back straight
Decorticate posture is:
Arms rolled in, wrists bent
Legs twisted inward
List three reasons to do an assessment:
Identify life threats
Identify the problem
Determine the interventions outcome
Define decerebrate posture
Legs stiff and straight