HIS 210

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  1. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano
    Published in 1789 by African Olaudah Equiano, was the best-known narrative by an eighteenth-century slave. Equiano's slave name was Gustavus Vassa.
  2. Atlantic Slave Trade
    Regularlized business in which European merchants, African traders, and American planters engaged in complex bargaining of human lives, all with the expectation of securing profit.
  3. Middle Passage
    Vessels over-loaded with slaves (more profit) that voyaged across the Atlantic, called the Middle Passage because it was in the middle of the triangular routes linking Europe, Africa, and America.
  4. Task System
    Daily jobs assigned to slaves, the completion of the jobs, allowed these slaves leisure time, or time to cultivate crops of their own.
  5. Creoles
    Slaves born in the New World.
  6. Gullah
    A language that mixed various African roots & was unintelligible to most whites.
  7. Runaways
    Blacks that risked their lives in efforts to resist enslavement.
  8. Stono Rebellion
    A group of South Carolina slaves recently arrived from Kongo, were soldiers, and seized a store containing weapons in the town of Stono. They beat drums to attract followers, the armed band marched down toward Florida, burning houses, barns, and killing whites they encountered, and shouting "liberty." The rebellion took the lives of more than two dozen whites & as many as two-hundred slaves. Some slaves managed to reach Florida.
  9. Republicanism
    A government without a king or queen.
  10. Virtue
    Defined in the eighteenth century as the willingness to subordinate self-interest to the pursuit of the public good, not just personal moral quality.
  11. Liberalism
    Political philosophy that emphasized the protection of liberty by limiting the power of government to interfere with the natural rights of citizens (in the eighteenth century).
  12. Two Treatises of Government
    Written by John Locke around 1680 (John Lock was the leading philosopher of liberty) had very little influence in his lifetime, but in the next century the Two Treatises of Government became very well known. The idea was; individual rights, consent of the governed, the right of rebellion against unjust or oppressive government.
  13. Deference
    The assumption among citizens that wealth, education, and social prominence carried a right to public office. This belief took away from effective election choices.
  14. Salutary Neglect
    In the first half of the eighteenth century, successive British government adopted the "salutary neglect" policy toward colonies, leaving them governing themselves, while they occupied themselves with events in Europe & imperial rivalries.
  15. Circulating Libraries
    Libraries that appeared in colonial cities & towns, making it possible for the poor to borrow books to read, and become more knowledgeable.
  16. Freedom of Expression
    Free exchange of ideas, "freedom of speech." The privilege of unrestrained debate, and freedom to say things that the government does not want you to say.
  17. Seditious Libel
    A crime that included defaming government officials.
  18. American Enlightenment
    A philosophical movement that sought to apply to political & social life the scientific method of careful investigation based on research & experiment.
  19. Great Awakening
    Fervent religious revival movement in the 1720's through the 1740's that spread from ministers throughout the colonies.
  20. Presidios
    Military outposts (Spain).
  21. Father Junipero Serra
    Controversial figure/California founded first Cali mission, in San Diego, 1769. Widely praised in Spain for converting thousands of Indians to christianity, teaching them spanish, and transforming their hunting/gathering economies by introducing settled agriculture, and skilled crafts.
  22. Middle Ground
    Between European empires & Indian sovereignty, villages sprang up where member of numerous tribes lived side by side, along with European traders & the occasional missionary.
  23. Acadians
    Five-thousand local French residents in Nova Scotia, rounded up by the British. The British confiscated their land, and expelled them from the region, selling their farms to settlers from New England. Some of the Acadians returned to France, others ended up in Louisiana, where their descendants came to be known as Cajuns.
  24. Pontiac's Rebellion
    Indians of the Ohio Valley & Great Lakes in the wake of French defeat, in 1763, launched a revolt against British rule, although named after an Ottawa war leader, much of the rebellion was inspired by the teachings of Neolin.
  25. Neolin
    A Delaware religious prophet,who during a religious vision, was instructed by the Master of Life, that his people must reject European technology, free themselves form commercial ties with whites & dependence on alcohol, clothe themselves in the garb of their ancestors, and drive the British from their territory, though friendly French inhabitants could be left to remain on their territory.
  26. Albany Plan of Union (1754)
    Drafted by Benjamin Franklyn at the outbreak of the seven years war, envisioned the creation of a Grand Council composed of delegates from each colony, with power to levy taxes & deal with Indian relations and common defense.
  27. Freedom of the Press*
    Unrestrained publishing of written material, without approval or licensing.
Card Set
HIS 210
Key Terms CH4; Give Me Liberty! Eric Foner.
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