EMT-B Test 2 Part 5
Card Set Information
EMT-B Test 2 Part 5
EMT-B Test 2 - Quiz 3
What two parts of the assessment are done after the focused assessment?
Detailed and ongoing.
List five devices used to lift and move a patient
List five actions to take when lifting a pt to prevent back injury
When possible, use a stair chair
Know weight to be lifted
Ensure enough help is available.
Use at least two people
Use an even number of people to lift
Keep back locked.
Keep feet a comfortable distance apart
Avoid reaching more than 15-20 inches
Tighten your abdominal muscles
Keep feet flat on the ground
Keep the center of your body over the object
Straighten your legs as you lift.
Keep your back locked into position, don't twist
List three emergency moves
Two person carry
Direct ground lift
Draw sheet transfer
Describe why it is important to do a detailed and on going assessment.
In order to continue to identify any problems and also to note if there are any changes in the patient's status
What does DCAPBTLS stand for?
Abrasion or amputation
Penetration or puncture
What is the most important part of a focused trauma assessment?
Doing the hands on
What is the most important part of a focused medical assessment?
Getting a good patient history
List the four senses you must use during your assessment, and what you would note with each!
: Skin color; pupils; bleeding; facial expressions; posturing
: Diabetic keto Acidosis; vomit; blood; death; gangrene; GI bleed
: Diaphoresis; pulse; fracture; dislocation
: Blood pressure; history; pain; breath sounds
Six steps of the initial assessment
Five findings for airway
Five findings when assessing breathing
Chest rise and fall
Five findings when assessing circulation
Central vs peripheral
The amount of air moved in or out during one inspiration or expiration
Saturation of the body with oxygen
A constant flow of blood through the capillaries
How often do you retake vital signs?
Every 5 minutes on an unstable patient
Every 15 minutes on a stable patient
Four colors you may find and two causes of each
: Shock, hypoxia, burns, poor perfusion
: Hypoxia, hypothermia
: Hyperthermia, CO poisoning, burns, exercise
: Cardiogenic shock, septic shock, hypovelemic shock
: Liver failure, gallbladder failure, hepatitis, alcoholism
: Necrosis, burns, frostbite
List three ways you may find pupils and two causes of each.
: Light, narcotic overdose, organophosphates, barbiturates
: Head injuries, shock, cocaine, meth
: Aniscoria, head injuries
List five causes of bradycardia and tachycardia
: Narcotics, hypothermia, head injury, late hypoxia, cardiac disease, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, ACS
: Shock, anxiety, meth, cocaine, epinephrine, hyperthermia, dever, infection, exercise, ACS
What does AVPU stand for? What is it used for?
Determining the responsiveness of a patient who has decreased awareness.
What does GCS stand for? What are the scores for each section?
: Open - 4, Open to verbal command - 3, Open to painful stimuli - 2, No response - 1
: Alert - 5, Disoriented - 4, Inappropriate - 3, Incomprehensible - 2, No response - 1
: Alert - Obeys command - 6, Localizes pain - 5, Withdraws from pain - 4, Decorticate (abnormal flexxion) - 3, Decerebrate (abnormal extension) - 2, None - 1