locates calculus deposits and provides tactile info to the operator about roughness or smoothness of the root surfaces
How many sites are measured by the periodontal probe?
six in total
What are hygienist looking for on radiographs?
Bone to root ratio
the primary cause of gingival inflammation and most other forms of periodontal disease
soft, sticky, debris or bacteria that forms on teeth
hardened, mineralized plaque. Can be supragingival or subgingival. It adheres to the surfaces of natural teeth, crowns, bridges, and dentures. It is a contributing factor in periodontal disease because it is always covered with plaque.
Who is licensed to perform prophylaxis?
The hygenist and the dentist
Why do we use anesthetic for scaling, planing, and curotage?
vasoconstrictor- controls bleeding
patient comfort- pain
Why use sutures?
assist in attachment of tissue
Nonabsorbable sutures are removed in...?
5 to 7 days
above gum line
below gum line
Application of Topical Flouride
in an upright position
tell patient not to swallow, can cause vomitting/ gastrous distress
separate and retract the periosteum from the bone that is holding the tooth in its socket
used to apply leverage against the tooth to loosen it from the periodontal ligament and ease the extraction
Pit and Fissure Sealants
resin material placed in pits and fissures of the posterior teeth
not all sealants require being light cured
first etch the tooth - appears dull and chalky
High Risk Patients:
have already experienced dental decay
live in areas where the public water supply is not flouridated
are prone to root caries
have illnesses or are taking medications that slow the flow of saliva
are undergoing chemotherapy or radiation treatments that damage the tissue and affect the flow of saliva