BIOCHEMISTRY

Card Set Information

Author:
datgrl_honey
ID:
105370
Filename:
BIOCHEMISTRY
Updated:
2011-10-01 13:06:56
Tags:
BIOCHEMISTRY
Folders:

Description:
BIOCHEMISTRY
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user datgrl_honey on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. MATTER
    ANYTHING THAT TAKES UP SPACE AND HAS MASS
  2. ATOMS
    • PROTONS + (TOP)
    • NEUTRONS (SIDE)
    • ELECTRONS - (OUTSIDE)
  3. NUCLEUS
    CONSISTS OF NEUTRONS & ELECTRONS
  4. MATTER
    MADE UP ELEMENTS CANNOT BE BROKEN DOWN BY CHEMICAL REACTION
  5. COMPOUND
    CONSISTING OF TWO OR MORE ELEMENTS
  6. PROTONS
    • + CHARGE
    • DETERMINES ELEMENT
  7. NEUTRON
    • NO CHARGE
    • DETERMINES ISOTOPES
  8. ELECTRON
    • - CHARGE
    • OUTER SHELL ELECTRONS DETERMINE CHEMICAL BEHAVIOR
  9. NUCLEUS
    CONSISTS OF NEUTRONS AND PROTONS
  10. # OF ELECTRON SHELL
    • ATOMIC NUMBER
    • 2 IN THE FIRST SHELL THE FOR IN GROUPS OF 2 (TOTAL OF 8 PER SHELL)
  11. ATOMIC NUMBER
    NUMBER OF PROTONS
  12. TOP ATOMIC MASS

    BOTTOM ATOMIC NUMBER (# OF PROTONS)
  13. ISOTOPES
    ELEMENTS THAT HAVE DIFFERENT ATOMIC MASSES- DIFF # OF NEUTRONS
  14. 4 ELEMENTS THE BODY IS MADE UP OF
    • OXYGEN
    • CARBON
    • HYDROGEN
    • NITROGEN
  15. MOLECUES
    GROUPS OF ATOMS HELD BY ENERGY IN A STABLE ASSOCIATION
  16. TYES OF BONDS
    • COVELANT
    • IONIC
    • HYDROGEN BONDS
  17. COVALANT BOND
    SHARING OF ELECTRONS
  18. SINGLE BOND
    SHARING ONE PAIR OF VALENCE ELECTRONS
  19. DOUBLE BOND
    SHARING OF TWO PAIRS OF VALENCE ELECTRONS
  20. ELECTRONEGATIIVITY
    ATTRACTIONS OF ATOMS FOR ELECTRONS

    DETERMINED BY NUMBER OF PROTONS

    THE MORE ELECTONEGATIVE ATOM THE MORE IT PULLS SHARED ELECTRONS TO ITSELF
  21. NON POLAR COVELANT BOND
    HAVE SIMILAR ELECTRONEGATIVE

    • HYDROGEN & HYDROGEN
    • OXYGEN & OXYGEN
  22. POLAR COVELANT BOND
    ATOM DIFFERERING ELECTRONEGATIVITIES

    *OXYGEN MOST ELECTRONEGATIVGE

    • ATOM MORE ELCTNGATIVE PULLS =NEGATIVE CHARGE
    • WHAT IT ATTRACTS + CHARGE
  23. ION
    ATOMS # OF ELECTRONS DOES NOT EQUEAL NUMBER OF PROTONS
  24. IONIC COMPOUNDS
    IONS OF OPPOSITE CHARGE + & -

    OFTEN SALTS FORMS CHRYSTALS
  25. HYDROGEN BOND
    HYDROGEN ATOM COVELANTELY BONDED TO ONE ELECTRO(-) ATOM IS ALSO ATTRACTED TO ANOTHER ELECTRO(-) ITY

    USUALLY OXYGEN & NITROGEN
  26. WHY IS WATER POLAR
    WATER ELECTRONS ARE NOT EQUALLY SHARED AMONG THE HYDROGEN & OXYGEN ATOMS THIS IS WHAT MAKES WATER POLAR
  27. HOW DO ELEMENTS BOND
    • VALENCE ELECTROS
    • OUTERMOST/VALANCE SHELL
  28. CHEMICAL REACTIONS
    MAKIND AND BREAKING CHEMICAL BONDS

    • (2)H2 = O2 -> 2H2O
    • REACTIONS ARE REVERSIBLE
    • <-
  29. PHOTOSYNTHESIS
    • SUNLIGHT POWERS CONVERSION OF CARBON DX & WATER TO GLUCOSE AND OXYGEN
    • 6C02+ 6H20 -> C6H12O6+6O2
  30. OCTET RULE
    ATOMS ESTABLISH COMPLETELY FULL OUTER RINGS EACH SHELL WANTS 8 ELECTRONS

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview