Microbiology

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Author:
mrsexybrownman
ID:
105378
Filename:
Microbiology
Updated:
2011-10-08 15:59:39
Tags:
microbio
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Description:
Bacteria
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  1. Gram+ (purple)
    coccus
    catalase+
    coagulase+
    salt tolerant
    produces acid from Mannitol (turns agar yellow)
    Staph. aureus
  2. Gram+ (purple)
    coccus
    Catalase+
    Coagulase -
    normal flora, not usually infectious
    Staph. epidermidis
  3. Gram+ (purple)
    coccus
    Catalase -
    Beta-hemolytic
    Lancefield group A
    Strep. pyogenes
  4. Gram+ (purple)
    coccus
    Catalase -
    Alpha-hemolytic (turns agar green)
    Strep. pneumoniae
  5. Gram+ (purple)
    rod
    spore forming
    aerobic
    Bacillus sp. (anthracis)
  6. Gram+ (purple)
    rod
    spore forming
    anaerobic
    Clostridium sp.
  7. Gram+ (purple)
    rod
    non-spore forming
    aerobic
    "club-shaped" or look like Chinese characters in culture
    Corynebacterium sp. (includes C. diphtheriae)
  8. Gram+ (purple)
    rod

    non-spore forming
    aerobic (facultative)

    classic "tumbling" motility
    grows in cold
    Listeria sp. (L. monocytogenes)
  9. Gram+ (purple)
    rod
    non-spore forming
    aerobic
    filamentous
    Nocardia sp.
  10. Gram+ (purple)
    rod
    non-spore forming
    anaerobic
    Lactobacillus sp.
  11. Gram+ (purple)
    rod
    non-spore forming
    anaerobic
    filamentous
    Actinomyces sp.
  12. Gram - (red)
    diplococci (kidney shaped)
    Chocolate agar in 5% CO2
    Oxidase+
    ferment glucose (N. meningitidis maltose too)
    Neisseria sp. (meningitidis, gonorrheae)
  13. Gram- (red)
    coccobacillary appearance
    resemble Neisseria
    nosocomial
    Acinetobacter sp.
  14. Gram- (red)
    coccobacillary appearance
    resemble Neisseria
    Moraxella sp.
  15. Gram- (red)
    rod
    enterobacteriaceae
    oxidase-
    glucose fermenting
    lactose fermenting
    • Serratia sp.
    • Escherichia sp.
    • Klebsiella sp.
    • Enterobacter sp.
  16. Gram- (red)
    rod
    enterobacteriaceae
    oxidase-
    urease+
    glucose fermenting
    non-lactose fermenting
    H2S producing
    "swarming motility"
    often causes UTI
    Proteus sp.
  17. Gram- (red)
    rod
    enterobacteriaceae
    oxidase-
    glucose fermenting
    non-lactose fermenting
    H2S producing
    motile
    Salmonella sp.
  18. Gram- (red)
    rod
    enterobacteriacea
    oxidase-
    glucose fermenting
    non-lactose fermenting
    H2S producing
    urease+
    swarming motility
    Proteus sp.
  19. Gram- (red)
    rod
    enterobacteriacea
    oxidase-
    glucose fermenting
    non-lactose fermenting
    non-H2S producing
    non-motile
    low infectious dose
    Shigella sp.
  20. Gram- (red)
    rod
    enterobacteriacea
    oxidase-
    glucose fermenting
    non-lactose fermenting
    non-H2S producing
    safety pin appearance
    animal reservoirs
    Yersinia sp.
  21. Gram- (red)
    rod
    non-enterobacteriacea
    curved and/or spiral (gull-wing appearance)
    oxidase+
    microaerophilic
    incubate at 42 C
    Campylobacter sp.
  22. Gram-
    rod
    non-enterobacteriacea
    curved and/or spiral
    oxidase+
    comma shaped
    Vibrio sp.
  23. Gram-
    rod
    non-enterobacteriacea
    curved and/or spiral
    urease +
    Helicobacter sp.
  24. Gram -
    rod
    non-enterobacteriacea
    oxidase+
    non glucose fermenting
    opportunist
    cetrimide agar
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  25. Gram -
    rod
    non-enterobacteriacea
    chocolate agar
    requires factors V nad X (NAD and heme)
    Haemophilus sp.
  26. Gram -
    rod
    non-enterobacteriacea
    BCYE agar
    silver stain
    requires L-cysteine
    Legionella sp.
  27. Poorly Gram staining
    Helical with endoflagella
    dark field microscopy and silver stain
    • Spirochetes:
    • treponema sp. (never been cultured) - syphilis
    • borrelia sp. - lyme disease
  28. Poorly gram staining
    obligate intracellular organism
    • Chlamydia and Chlamydophila - can't make own ATP
    • Rickettsia
    • Ehrlichia
    • Anaplasma
    • Coxiella - zoonses
  29. Poorly gram staining
    waxy mycolic acids in cell wall
    resistant to drying and chemicals
    Mycobacteria sp
  30. Gram -
    rod
    non-enterobacteriacea
    zoonses
    • Brucella sp.
    • Francisella sp.
    • Bartonella sp.
    • Pasturella sp.

    Bruce and Francis Barton were chillin' in the Pasture.

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