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How does the AAIDD Define Intillectual Disailities?
"significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as espresses in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. This disability originates before age 18."
How are children with ID identified before they attend school?
Infants and toddlers are identified as possibly having Intillectual Disabilities based on lack of achievement of developmental milestones.
How are students with ID identified once they begin school?
Intillectual Disabilities can be identified by a significantly low score on the IQ test (less than 70-75 IQ points), and weakness in adaptive behaviors.
What is the overall prevalence of intillectual disabilities?
Between 1% and 3%
What percentage ofpublic school stsudents between the age of 6 and 21 are classified as mentally retarded?
less than 0.88%
Wher are students wit disabilities placed?
- 52% of studnets with ID spend more than 60% of their education outside the general education classroom; only 12% are outside of the general education classroom for les than 21%of the school day.
- This suggests most students are served in full-time or part- time special classrooms.
What percentage of students with ID are in separate facilities including public or private special schools, residential facilities, or in homes ora hospital?
What are major characteristics of students with mild intillectual disabilities?
- Below grade level academics
- Can learn up to about 4th grade level.
- Trouble with reasoning skills in areas like reading comprehension, problem solving, and planning ahead.
What are major characteristics of students with Moderate intillectual disabilities?
- Can achieve up to first or second grade level.
- Learn sight words, how to tell time, to use money, self help, verbal communication, domestic and community skills.
What are major characteristics of students with Severe to Profound intillectual disabilities?
Will have a wide range of abilities in areas of communication and self care.
What are some challenging behaviors students with severe intillectual disabilities may have?
Stereotyped behaviors, self injurious behaviors, aggressive behaviors, or noncompliance,
What are some challenges of inculuding students with intillectual disabilities?
- Facilitiating learning in the general curriculum, nad in learning necessary functional skills.
- Facilitating the development of appropriate social skills at the elementary school level and at the secondary level.
What are principles of effective learning at the elementary school level?
- - Teach functional skills
- - Teach academic skills based on curriculm abd include these skills on IEP
- -Use UDL
- -Social skills instruction
- -use FBA (Functional Behavior Assessment) and BPI (Behavior Intervention Plan)
What are principles of effective instruction at the secondary level?
- - Continued academic skills
- -develop personal interests
- -participate in Gen ed. classes wit support.
- -focus on objectives for sucess in post secondary enviroments.
- -Social Skills
- - Knowledge about sexuality
- -improving self determination.
What are some problems with identification
- -Decision categories
- - Wait to fail
- - True disabilities vs. meet definition
- - Curriculum Casulaties
- Over idenification
- Over represntation
- Often Preventable
How does IDEA define intillectual Disabilities?
"mental retardation means having subaverage general intillectual funtioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversley affects a child's educational performance.
What are some factors of IQ testing
- - Cuturally biased
- -scores can change significantly
- -one time measurement
- -good predictors of school achievement
- -useful information
- -do not tell us how to teach
What are the three defining characteristics of students with intillectual disabilities?
- Problems with
- -Social Skills
- -Adaptive behaviors
What are some causes of ID?
- -Lead Poisoning
- -Mercury Pesticides and indusrial polluton
- -Low Birth Weight
- -Child abuse and neglect
- -Discrimination and Bias
- -Down Syndrome
- -Fragile X Syndrome
What is Down syndrome?
an extra chromosome attatches to the 21st pair.
What is PKU?
Metabolic error in processing protien; can be controlled by diet.
What is Fragile X?
A condition identified by a break or wekness on the long arm of the X chromosome