ISC Chapter 14

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ISC Chapter 14
2011-09-30 16:04:57
ISC Chapter 14

ISC Chapter 14
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  1. Ancient Greeks proposed that the Earth was a sphere because they
    D. observed ships "disappearing" over the horizon
  2. How many standard time zones are there?
    D. 24
  3. The movement of the Earth around the Sun is called
    D. revolution
  4. Which location on Earth has the greatest rotational velocity?
    D. Mexico City, Mexico
  5. Tides are not influenced by
    B. earthquakes
  6. The early civilization that was known to keep time was the
    C. Babylonian
  7. At the summer solstice, the sun is
    B. high in the Northern Hemisphere sky
  8. A person crossing the international date line towards the west on May 31 would find the date changed to
    D. June 1
  9. California is in what time zone?
    C. Pacific
  10. Two sundials are located 1000 mi apart and display the same time of day. What must be true about their location?
    A. both are located on the same meridian
  11. The people of South Africa will experience the summer solstice on about
    C. December 22
  12. The Moon revolves around the Earth in
    D. 27 1/3 days
  13. The Earth is positioned between the sun and the moon in a nearly straight line. This positioning results in a(n)
    A. lunar eclipse
  14. 26,000 years from now, which star will be the North Star?
    B. Polaris
  15. From which exact point on the Earth's surface wouldyou have to be for every direction to be north?
    D. South Pole
  16. The total number of possible latitude lines is
    A. infinite
  17. An astronaut on the Moon during a lunar eclipse would observe her surrounding moonscape to appear
    B. reddish in color
  18. The gravitational pull of the Moon on the Earth can be demonstrated by
    D. all of these
  19. As the Moon's orbit increases, which will eventually be true?
    A. annular eclipses will be more common
  20. The plane of the Earth's orbit is called the
    C. plane of the ecliptic
  21. The Earth's axis points towards the
    C. North Star, Polaris
  22. September 23 is the approximate date of the
    C. autumnal equinox
  23. The spinning of a planet on its axis, an imaginary line through its poles, is called
    B. rotation
  24. The consistent tilt and the orientation of the Earth's axis as it moves around its orbit is responsible for
    B. seasons
  25. The North Pole points towards the Sun during the
    A. summer solstice
  26. The winter solstice occurs on approximately what date?
    D. December 22
  27. The spring equinox is also called the
    B. vernal equinox
  28. Experimental proof that the Earth rotates on its axis was demonstrated by the
    A. Foucault pendulum
  29. The shape of the Earth is described as
    C. oblate
  30. The north to south reference point for the Earth is the
    D. axis of the Earth
  31. The distance from the equator to a point on a parallel is called
    B. latitude
  32. The referent meridian is the
    A. prime meridian
  33. Time is not measured by
    B. storms
  34. The movement of the Sun across the celestial meridianis defined as
    D. noon
  35. Clocks and watches are set to measure a uniform standard time based on
    A. mean solar time
  36. At the winter solstice, the sun is directly over the
    C. Tropic of Capricorn
  37. The time required for the Earth to move around its orbit so that the Sun is again in the same position relative to the stars is called the
    A. sidereal year
  38. The calendar system now in use to stay in step with the seasons was first designed by the
    C. Romans
  39. The time period from one new moon to the next new moon is called
    B. synodic month

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