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what's the unit of measure in healthcare?
basic measure of distance
basic unit of weight
basic unit of volume
what number is the metric system based on?
10 and based on multiples of 10
ounces in 1 gram
method of measuring body temp
measure of room temp
convert C to F and F to C
100, 500 and 1000 in roman numerals
healthcare insurance provided to qualified people by federal government
age to qualify for medicare
- other medically qualified
- dialysis patients
each test order for medicare has to have a ___
what do you do if there is no match to an ICD-9?
- generate (ABN) advanced beneficiary notice.
- inform pt of medicare non-payment
- patient can sign or refuse the test
the sequence of events that, when followed according to established and accepted standards for the procedure, will prevent injury or complications under normal circumstances.
standard of care
do you, as a phlebotomist, need malpractice ins?
no, covered by institution as long as you're working within your scope of care
shooting pain, in arm radiating to the fingers. Pins and needles at site or below the site is a sign of?
how do you avoid nerve damage?
- always choose median cubital if possible, then cephalic.
- or draw lower on AC for bacilic to avoid nerve
cherry red blood spurting, pumping into the tube indicates?
how to avoid arterial nick
- choose median cubital
- avoid fishing
- avoid transfiction
- if you can't feel pulse, avoid area
what are indications of blowing a blain or subcutaneous hemorrhage?
- swelling at site
- pooling of blood under skin
vertigo is indicated by
dizziness on standing
list risks of phlebotomy
- arterial nick
- nerve damage
- subcutaneous hemorrhage
came to law in 1996
adopted in 2001
sweeping legislation surrounding privacy of healthcare information
ways to ID outpatient
name and DOB
ID bracelet, verify confirmation
consequences for delays in processing specimen
- loose 8% glucose per hour
- can lead to misdiagnose or medication management
Spin ____ tubes series ASAP
special handling for ABC
consequence of violating 1 minute rule
cause increase of all cell counts, decrease K, Ca, and bilirubin
how long is too long for fasting
fasting 14 hours increases
fasting 14 hours decreases
consequences of inappropriate coordination of time of draw for blood tests
false appearance of over or under medication and could cause life threatening change in dosage
probing increases _______ in blood
K, AST, ALT, and magnesium
Probing/fishing decreases ____ in blood?
how many times does one reposition
once for students, twice for pro: Only when you know where to go
list some things to do if a patient has syncope
- remove needle
- lower head
- raise feet if laying down
- breath deep and slow
- no driving for 30 min