final review

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studysuccess
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105502
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final review
Updated:
2011-09-30 21:06:36
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final review
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final review
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  1. what's the unit of measure in healthcare?
    metric system
  2. basic measure of distance
    meter
  3. basic unit of weight
    gram
  4. basic unit of volume
    liter
  5. what number is the metric system based on?
    10 and based on multiples of 10
  6. 1 pount = _ kg
    0.454 kg
  7. 1 yard =_ meters
    0.9
  8. 1 inch =_ cm
    2.54 cm
  9. ounces in 1 gram
    28 ounces
  10. method of measuring body temp
    ferenheit
  11. measure of room temp
    celcius
  12. convert C to F and F to C
    • 5/9 (F-32)=C
    • 9/5 (C+32)=F
  13. 100, 500 and 1000 in roman numerals
    • 100=C
    • 500=D
    • 1000=M
  14. healthcare insurance provided to qualified people by federal government
    medicare
  15. age to qualify for medicare
    • 65+
    • other medically qualified
    • dialysis patients
  16. each test order for medicare has to have a ___
    ICD-9
  17. what do you do if there is no match to an ICD-9?
    • generate (ABN) advanced beneficiary notice.
    • inform pt of medicare non-payment
    • patient can sign or refuse the test
  18. the sequence of events that, when followed according to established and accepted standards for the procedure, will prevent injury or complications under normal circumstances.
    standard of care
  19. do you, as a phlebotomist, need malpractice ins?
    no, covered by institution as long as you're working within your scope of care
  20. shooting pain, in arm radiating to the fingers. Pins and needles at site or below the site is a sign of?
    nerve damage
  21. how do you avoid nerve damage?
    • always choose median cubital if possible, then cephalic.
    • or draw lower on AC for bacilic to avoid nerve
  22. cherry red blood spurting, pumping into the tube indicates?
    arterial nick
  23. how to avoid arterial nick
    • choose median cubital
    • avoid fishing
    • avoid transfiction
    • if you can't feel pulse, avoid area
  24. what are indications of blowing a blain or subcutaneous hemorrhage?
    • swelling at site
    • pooling of blood under skin
  25. vertigo is indicated by
    dizziness on standing
  26. list risks of phlebotomy
    • arterial nick
    • death
    • nerve damage
    • subcutaneous hemorrhage
    • vertigo
  27. came to law in 1996
    adopted in 2001
    sweeping legislation surrounding privacy of healthcare information
    HIPPA
  28. ways to ID outpatient
    name and DOB
  29. ID inpatient
    ID bracelet, verify confirmation
  30. consequences for delays in processing specimen
    • loose 8% glucose per hour
    • can lead to misdiagnose or medication management
  31. Spin ____ tubes series ASAP
    red series
  32. special handling for ABC
    use ice
  33. consequence of violating 1 minute rule
    cause increase of all cell counts, decrease K, Ca, and bilirubin
  34. how long is too long for fasting
    14 hours
  35. fasting 14 hours increases
    • bilirubin
    • keytones
    • triglycerides
  36. fasting 14 hours decreases
    • HDL
    • LDL
    • Glucose
  37. consequences of inappropriate coordination of time of draw for blood tests
    false appearance of over or under medication and could cause life threatening change in dosage
  38. probing increases _______ in blood
    K, AST, ALT, and magnesium
  39. Probing/fishing decreases ____ in blood?
    RBC, HCT,
  40. how many times does one reposition
    once for students, twice for pro: Only when you know where to go
  41. list some things to do if a patient has syncope
    • remove needle
    • lower head
    • raise feet if laying down
    • breath deep and slow
    • no driving for 30 min

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