ISC Chapter 16

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ISC Chapter 16
2011-09-30 23:54:45
ISC Chapter 16

ISC Chapter 16
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  1. Before Hutton, it was widely assumed that the features of the Earth's surface were:
    D. A and B
  2. Hutton observed that rocks, rock structures and features of the earth are all related. This relationship is called:
    B. principle of uniformity
  3. The principle of uniformity has a basic frame of reference. This frame of reference is
    C. changes and deformations of rocks today and in the past
  4. You observe a hill that has been cut-through by a road. The rock layers display a curving shape. What has likely happened to the rock mass?
    C. folding
  5. How a rock responds to stress and strain does NOT depend on
    D. mass of the rock
  6. In an anticline, the youngest rocks are found:
    A. at the top of the fold
  7. Rocks near or on the surface are NOT
    B. hotter that those below the surface
  8. The San Andreas fault is a good example of a
    D. none of these
  9. Which is NOT a type of fault?
    D. forward
  10. Crushing of rock at a quarry to make smaller sized gravel is an example of
    C. mechanical weathering
  11. Fragments of rocks fall into a mountain stream and are carried into the valley. This is an example of
    C. mass movement
  12. Tree roots grow and expand, and eventually break though a sidewalk. This is an example of:
    C. wedging
  13. In which region of the USA, would one expect to find prominent folded mountains?
    B. Eastern, as in Pennsylvania
  14. The source of magma for Mount St. Helens volcano is
    C. subduction of the Juan de Fuca plate under the continental lithosphere
  15. Mountains that were formed as a result of volcanic eruptions are
    B. Cascades
  16. The Appalachian Mountains were formed when
    B. North America collided with Europe and Africa
  17. The Black Hills in South Dakota and the Adirondack Mountains in New York are
    B. domed mountains
  18. An earthquake is
    D. all of the above
  19. During an earthquake, you should NOT
    A. run outdoors if you are indoors
  20. The epicenter is located by
    D. B and C
  21. The premise that the present is key to understanding the past is called
    B. principle of uniformity
  22. The process of deformation that changes the earth's surface is called
    C. diastrophism
  23. Diastrophism, the process of deformation that changes the earth's surface is responsible for
    C. both A and B
  24. A force that compresses, pulls apart or deforms a rockis called
    A. stress
  25. The force that does NOT cause rock stress is
    D. transform
  26. Rocks at great depths are under
    B. higher temperature and higher pressure
  27. A bend in layered bedrock which resulted from stress is called
    B. fold
  28. Folds that resemble an arch are called
    C. anticlines
  29. A fold that forms a trough is called
    A. syncline
  30. Movement between rocks on one side of a fracture relative to the rocks on the other side of the fracture is called a
    C. fault
  31. The actual place where seismic waves originate is called the _________ of the earthquake
    B. focus
  32. The point on the earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake is called the
    B. epicenter
  33. An earthquake that occurs in the upper part of the mantle is called
    D. intermediate focus
  34. The size of an earthquake is measured by
    B. amount of energy released at the focus
  35. The energy of the vibrations or the magnitude of an earthquake is reported using the
    B. Richter scale
  36. Earthquakes are detected and measured by a
    A. seismometer
  37. Elevated parts of the Earth's crust that rise above the surrounding surface are called
    D. mountains
  38. Which of the following is NOT a classification of mountain origin?
    C. parallel
  39. Rock stress caused by two plates moving together is
    A. compressive stress
  40. Adjustment to stree is defined as
    B. strain