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Consists of using any product or weapon or the threat of using a harmful act to killl or injure a large number of people?
The purposeful use of a biological agent for the purposes of harming, killing, and/or instilling fear in large numbers of people
An agency of the federal gov't whose GOAL is to promote health and quality of life by preventing and controlling disease, injury , and disability?
CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Bacteria, viruses, fungi and toxins that are cultivated to cause harm in humans
The CDC has three categories of biological agents are
- Category A - agents that can be easily disseminated person to person
- (High mortaility)
- Category B - Moderately easy to disseminate
- (Moderate mobility; low mortality)
- Category C - Could be specifically engineered for mass dissemination
- (Potential for high morbidity and high mortality)
Examples of category A are
- Smallpox (variola major)
- Anthrax (bacillus antracis)
- Plague (versinia pestis)
- Viral hemorrahgic fevers
Examples of category C are
- Yellow fever
- Tick-borne encephalitis
- Multi-drug-resistant TB
An acute infectious disease caused by spore-forming gram-positive bacterium, Bacillus antracis.
Also known as variola - a highly contagious viral disease in which humans are the only reservoir for the virus is
Sx- fever, prostration, and vesicular, pustular rash - a papular rash apppears on the face 2-3 days later, spreading to extremities including palms and hands and soles of feet - Death may follow the appearance of sx's
A disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis?
One of the newest chemicals identified as a nerve agent
This agent can be a powder, mist, or pellet or a weak acid preparation
_______ poisoning is not contagious and cannot be spread from person to person through casual contact.
Bioterriorist can use ____ ____ ____ including gases, liquids, and solids that cause injury or death to people, animals, and plants.
Chemical warfare agents
A dangerous nerve agent that has been available since WWII
Sx of sarin include
- Respiratory failure
leading to death within seconds or minutes
If a person is exposed to Ricin, remember GROWS
- G = get away from the exposed area
- R = Remove clothing and all personal items (i.e. eyeglass and contacts)
- O = Over the head; cut it OFF
- W = Wash eyes with water
- S = Seek medical help
An antidote for Sarin is
- Atropine sulfate
- Acetycholine inhibitor
- Pralidoxime chloride
The main agency of the US gov't tasked with protecting the health of all americans and providing essential human services, especially to those who are least able to provide for themselves
Dept. of Health and Human Services
The administrator of FEMA is appointed by who and reports to who
secretary of Homeland Security