Art History 2 Midterm

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Art History 2 Midterm
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  1. Scrovegni Chapel, Giotto, 1300

    • -Narrative
    • pantings inside, Virgin Mary on top, Christ in middle, Christ’s demise on
    • bottom

    • -Bottom
    • section painted in grisalle (monochromatic/gray technique)

    • -Technique
    • is fresco (applying pigment to wet plaster)
  2. Maesta Altarpiece, Duccio, 1310

    -Marking specific victory among Florentines

    -Byzantine influence

    -Political, dynamic, presentation
  3. The Effects of Good Government in the City and in the Country, Lorenzetti, 1340
  4. Annunciation, Visitation, Presentation in the Temple, and Flight into Egypt, Broederlam, 1400

    • Solitary
    • prayer inside monastery

    -4 narrative scenes across altarpiece

    -Prayer had highly political purpose
  5. Portinari Altarpiece, Hugo van der Goes, 1475

    Altarpiece=piece of art made to go behind an altar


  6. January, Limbourg Brothers, 1410

    -Standing
    army coming in, in the back to support the Duke of Berry

    -Overflow
    of food, even dog gets scraps

    -A
    time for conserving, Duke of Berry celebrates his success by showing wealth

    -Illuminated
    Manuscript: Book illustrated with paintings

    -International
    Gothic (style): Space tilted toward viewer, stage-like composition, elongation
    of figures, use of light, bright colors, use of a lot of gold and blue, acute attention
    to detail
    January, Limbourg Brothers, 1410

    -Standing army coming in, in the back to support the Duke of Berry

    -Overflow of food, even dog gets scraps

    -A time for conserving, Duke of Berry celebrates his success by showing wealth

    -Illuminated Manuscript: Book illustrated with paintings

    • -International Gothic (style): Space tilted toward viewer, stage-like composition, elongation of figures, use of light, bright colors, use of a lot of gold and blue, acute attention
    • to detail
  7. Ghent Altarpiece, Jan and Hubert van Eyck,1430

    -Known as a polyptych (Many wings that unfold)

    -Portraits of patrons Jodacus Vijd and Elizabeth Borluut on bottom

    -Great attention to detail (scene of Flanders city scape)

    -Theme=Political

    -Opened up: Theme=Human Salvation

    -God in center, judging

    -Eve and Adam thinking of first sin

    -One of first to use oil paint (made richer colors, illusion of glowing light)

    -Great Schism influenced through politics
  8. Palazzo Medici Riccardi, di Bartolomeo, 1450

    -Casinio di Medici: Chose simple architecture to keep low profile

    • -Patron: someone who commissions an object
    • and pays for it, used to demonstrate one’s wealth
  9. David, Donatello, 1450

    -1st full-length nude since antiquity, banned for religious/ideological reality

    -David shown exhibiting hu,am form in realistic way

    -Contraposto: Counterbalance, grace

    -Bronze

    -Triumph of good over evil

    -Acute observation of the natural world
  10. Gates of Paradise, Ghiberti, 1450

    -Use of linear perspective in tile form, vanishing point, recession into space

    -Shallow relief

    -Arches giving sense of recession into space

    -Outside figures vs inside figures
  11. Trinity with the Virgin, St. John the Evangelist, and the Donors, Massacio, 1430

    -Patrons in painting

    -Core principle of Christianity –Trinity

    -Linear perspective created above God in recessed niche

    -Illusion in our space and back in space

    Vanishing Point: Farthest point in composition, where orthogonal lines meet

    Orthogonal Lines: Indicate recession into depth
  12. Birth of Venus, Botticelli, 1490

    -From classical mythology, Venus (Goddess of Love) at center

    -Winds at left, nymphs on right with billowing blanket

    -Classical form and narrative

    -Humanist trends...Humanism by component inspired by classical antiquity

    -Fostered by a renewed interest in Greek Culture

    -Humanism: Code of civil conduct, helped people know how to act in the world, glorified individual achievement, human interests, bringing order to disorder
  13. Sistine Chapel, Michelangelo, 1515

    -Commissioned to paint by Julius II (fresco)

    -Barrel vault

    -All panels taken from Testament from Creation to Fall of Man

    -Interest in showing muscular system under skin

    -Departing from classical form, creating own signature style

    -Unidealized form of humanity of Adam and Eve

    -Triangular components show ancestors of Christ
  14. Philosophy/School of Athens, Raphael, 1515

    -Using linear perspective behind two main philosophers

    -Plato and Aristotle in center

    -Pictured himself on right

    -Michelangelo in front

    -Design and color
  15. Pieta, Michelangelo, 1500

    -Pieta=Virgin Mary holding dead Christ

    -Intellectual endeavor to make sculpture

    • -Expressive qualities of Virgin’s face- grief, shock, idealized manner (shown as same age
    • as Christ)
  16. St. Peter’s Basilica, Michelangelo, 1550

    -Change in plan because of the Reformation

    -Incorporates classical orders
  17. Western Europe During the Reformation, 1560

    -3 themes became important during Reformation: Crucifixion, Last Supper, and Resurrection

    -Simplified style of the Reformation

    -Reformation: mid 16th century, would have taken on different shape without contact with Latin America
  18. Isenheim Altarpiece, Grunewald, 1515

    -Very different, highly emotive, grotesque depiction of the scene

    -Sense of physicality in a different way

    -Environment of torture and physical agony

    -Skin unlike polished surfaces of Michelangelo

    -St. Anthony on right: someone you pray for healing and compassion

    -Viewers would be experiencing torment of St. Anthony’s fire (skin disease)
  19. Four Apostles, Durer, 1530

    -(From left to right): John, Peter, Mark, and Paul

    -Focused on the word of the Bible

    -Reformation Art=Style of Art that Focuses on Subject in Very Narrow Way

    -Durer is creating a Didactic image: An image that can be used for teaching

    -4 separate passages on bottom-word is emphasized by Durer

    -Forms not idealized

    -Epitomizing simplified style of the Reformation
  20. Adam and Eve, Durer, 1500

    -Traveled often, experiences with individuals/objects

    -Inspired by natralia of the Americas

    -Classical contraposto and ideal proportionality

    -Preceded by geometric studies of Durer

    -Bark on tree shows 3 dimensionality

    -Elk representational of feeling of melancholy

    -Climactic moment in story of Adam and Eve

    engraving-where the artist makes the image on metal

    -comes to life with printing press
  21. The French Ambassadors, Hans Holbein the Younger, 1530
  22. Self-Portrait, van Hemessen, 1550
  23. The Tribute Money, Massacio, 1430

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