Art History 2 Midterm

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Image Upload
    Scrovegni Chapel, Giotto, 1300

    • -Narrative
    • pantings inside, Virgin Mary on top, Christ in middle, Christ’s demise on
    • bottom

    • -Bottom
    • section painted in grisalle (monochromatic/gray technique)

    • -Technique
    • is fresco (applying pigment to wet plaster)
  2. Image Upload
    Maesta Altarpiece, Duccio, 1310

    -Marking specific victory among Florentines

    -Byzantine influence

    -Political, dynamic, presentation
  3. Image Upload
    The Effects of Good Government in the City and in the Country, Lorenzetti, 1340
  4. Image Upload
    Annunciation, Visitation, Presentation in the Temple, and Flight into Egypt, Broederlam, 1400

    • Solitary
    • prayer inside monastery

    -4 narrative scenes across altarpiece

    -Prayer had highly political purpose
  5. Image Upload
    Portinari Altarpiece, Hugo van der Goes, 1475

    Altarpiece=piece of art made to go behind an altar
  6. Image Upload

    January, Limbourg Brothers, 1410

    -Standing
    army coming in, in the back to support the Duke of Berry

    -Overflow
    of food, even dog gets scraps

    -A
    time for conserving, Duke of Berry celebrates his success by showing wealth

    -Illuminated
    Manuscript: Book illustrated with paintings

    -International
    Gothic (style): Space tilted toward viewer, stage-like composition, elongation
    of figures, use of light, bright colors, use of a lot of gold and blue, acute attention
    to detail
    January, Limbourg Brothers, 1410

    -Standing army coming in, in the back to support the Duke of Berry

    -Overflow of food, even dog gets scraps

    -A time for conserving, Duke of Berry celebrates his success by showing wealth

    -Illuminated Manuscript: Book illustrated with paintings

    • -International Gothic (style): Space tilted toward viewer, stage-like composition, elongation of figures, use of light, bright colors, use of a lot of gold and blue, acute attention
    • to detail
  7. Image Upload
    Ghent Altarpiece, Jan and Hubert van Eyck,1430

    -Known as a polyptych (Many wings that unfold)

    -Portraits of patrons Jodacus Vijd and Elizabeth Borluut on bottom

    -Great attention to detail (scene of Flanders city scape)

    -Theme=Political

    -Opened up: Theme=Human Salvation

    -God in center, judging

    -Eve and Adam thinking of first sin

    -One of first to use oil paint (made richer colors, illusion of glowing light)

    -Great Schism influenced through politics
  8. Image Upload
    Palazzo Medici Riccardi, di Bartolomeo, 1450

    -Casinio di Medici: Chose simple architecture to keep low profile

    • -Patron: someone who commissions an object
    • and pays for it, used to demonstrate one’s wealth
  9. Image Upload
    David, Donatello, 1450

    -1st full-length nude since antiquity, banned for religious/ideological reality

    -David shown exhibiting hu,am form in realistic way

    -Contraposto: Counterbalance, grace

    -Bronze

    -Triumph of good over evil

    -Acute observation of the natural world
  10. Image Upload
    Gates of Paradise, Ghiberti, 1450

    -Use of linear perspective in tile form, vanishing point, recession into space

    -Shallow relief

    -Arches giving sense of recession into space

    -Outside figures vs inside figures
  11. Image Upload
    Trinity with the Virgin, St. John the Evangelist, and the Donors, Massacio, 1430

    -Patrons in painting

    -Core principle of Christianity –Trinity

    -Linear perspective created above God in recessed niche

    -Illusion in our space and back in space

    Vanishing Point: Farthest point in composition, where orthogonal lines meet

    Orthogonal Lines: Indicate recession into depth
  12. Image Upload
    Birth of Venus, Botticelli, 1490

    -From classical mythology, Venus (Goddess of Love) at center

    -Winds at left, nymphs on right with billowing blanket

    -Classical form and narrative

    -Humanist trends...Humanism by component inspired by classical antiquity

    -Fostered by a renewed interest in Greek Culture

    -Humanism: Code of civil conduct, helped people know how to act in the world, glorified individual achievement, human interests, bringing order to disorder
  13. Image Upload
    Sistine Chapel, Michelangelo, 1515

    -Commissioned to paint by Julius II (fresco)

    -Barrel vault

    -All panels taken from Testament from Creation to Fall of Man

    -Interest in showing muscular system under skin

    -Departing from classical form, creating own signature style

    -Unidealized form of humanity of Adam and Eve

    -Triangular components show ancestors of Christ
  14. Image Upload
    Philosophy/School of Athens, Raphael, 1515

    -Using linear perspective behind two main philosophers

    -Plato and Aristotle in center

    -Pictured himself on right

    -Michelangelo in front

    -Design and color
  15. Image Upload
    Pieta, Michelangelo, 1500

    -Pieta=Virgin Mary holding dead Christ

    -Intellectual endeavor to make sculpture

    • -Expressive qualities of Virgin’s face- grief, shock, idealized manner (shown as same age
    • as Christ)
  16. Image Upload
    St. Peter’s Basilica, Michelangelo, 1550

    -Change in plan because of the Reformation

    -Incorporates classical orders
  17. Image Upload
    Western Europe During the Reformation, 1560

    -3 themes became important during Reformation: Crucifixion, Last Supper, and Resurrection

    -Simplified style of the Reformation

    -Reformation: mid 16th century, would have taken on different shape without contact with Latin America
  18. Image Upload
    Isenheim Altarpiece, Grunewald, 1515

    -Very different, highly emotive, grotesque depiction of the scene

    -Sense of physicality in a different way

    -Environment of torture and physical agony

    -Skin unlike polished surfaces of Michelangelo

    -St. Anthony on right: someone you pray for healing and compassion

    -Viewers would be experiencing torment of St. Anthony’s fire (skin disease)
  19. Image Upload
    Four Apostles, Durer, 1530

    -(From left to right): John, Peter, Mark, and Paul

    -Focused on the word of the Bible

    -Reformation Art=Style of Art that Focuses on Subject in Very Narrow Way

    -Durer is creating a Didactic image: An image that can be used for teaching

    -4 separate passages on bottom-word is emphasized by Durer

    -Forms not idealized

    -Epitomizing simplified style of the Reformation
  20. Image Upload
    Adam and Eve, Durer, 1500

    -Traveled often, experiences with individuals/objects

    -Inspired by natralia of the Americas

    -Classical contraposto and ideal proportionality

    -Preceded by geometric studies of Durer

    -Bark on tree shows 3 dimensionality

    -Elk representational of feeling of melancholy

    -Climactic moment in story of Adam and Eve

    engraving-where the artist makes the image on metal

    -comes to life with printing press
  21. Image Upload
    The French Ambassadors, Hans Holbein the Younger, 1530
  22. Image Upload
    Self-Portrait, van Hemessen, 1550
  23. Image Upload
    The Tribute Money, Massacio, 1430
Author:
Anonymous
ID:
105790
Card Set:
Art History 2 Midterm
Updated:
2011-10-02 19:41:14
Tags:
art history midterm
Folders:

Description:
midterm
Show Answers: