Anatomy

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Author:
alannaheeres
ID:
105804
Filename:
Anatomy
Updated:
2011-10-02 16:39:20
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Appendicular Skeleton
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Appendicular Skeleton
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  1. Name the two girdles and limbs that compose the appendicular skeleton
    • Pectoral girdle
    • Pelvic girdle
    • Upper limbs
    • Lower limbs
  2. What does the Pectoral (Shoulder) Girdle consist of?
    Scapula and clavicle
  3. What does the clavicle articulate with? (2 things)
    • Sternum (sternoclavicular joint)
    • Scapula (acromioclavicular joint)
  4. How is the scapula held in place?
    Muscle only
  5. Where is the upper limb attached?
    To pectoral girdle at shoulder (glenohumeral joint)
  6. Name the triangular flat bone found in upper back region
    Scapula
  7. Scapular spine ends as _______ process
    • acromion
    • (a sharp ridge widening to a flat process)
  8. What forms shoulder joint with head of humerus
    Glenoid cavity
  9. What is present for muscular attachments to scapula?
    Supraspinous & infraspinous fossa
  10. What is the subscapular fossa on the scapula filled with?
    Muscle
  11. _______ process for muscle attachment on scapula
    Coracoid
  12. How many bones are in the upper limb?
    30 bones
  13. Name the joints in the upper extremity (5)
    • 1. shoulder (glenohumeral)
    • 2. Elbow
    • 3. Wrist
    • 4. Metacarpophalangeal
    • 5. Interphalangeal
  14. The radius and ulna articulate with the ________
    humerus
  15. Where is the interosseous membrane located?
    forearm
  16. True or false: radius and ulna articulate with each other at BOTH ends
    True
  17. How many bones are in the wrist (carpal)?
    8
  18. In how many rows are the bones in the carpal arranged?
    2
  19. Tunnel of bone & flexor retinaculum in which tendons of digits are located
    carpal tunnel
  20. How many metacarpals?
    5
  21. What are the 4 parts of the metacarpals?
    • 1. base
    • 2. shaft
    • 3. head
    • 4. knuckles (metacarpophalangeal joints)
  22. How many phalanges in total?
    14
  23. Singular form of phalanges
    phalanx
  24. What are the parts of the phalanges (except the thumb)
    • 1. proximal
    • 2. middle
    • 3. distal
    • (on each finger)
  25. Two hipbones (coxal bones) united at pubic symphysis
    Pelvic girdle
  26. What does the pelvic girdle articulate with?
    Articulate posteriorly with sacrum at sacroiliac joints
  27. What is composed of the three bones: ilium, pubis & ischium
    Each hip bone
  28. When and where does the hip bone fuse?
    After birth at acetabulum
  29. What is the largest bone in the hip bone?
    Ilium
  30. What is the iliac crest for?
    muscle attachment
  31. What is the joint found in the hip bone?
    Sacroiliac joint
  32. What is the Greater Sciatic Notch for?
    Sciatic Nerve
  33. Obturator foramen is closed by _____ ___________
    fibrous membrane
  34. Inferior and posterior part
    Ischial tuberosity
    Jointed anteriorly to the pubis
    Ischium
  35. Anterior and inferior part
    pubic symphysis is pad of fibrocartilage between 2 pubic bones
    Pubis
  36. What is composed of the: sacrum, coccyx & 2 hip bones?
    Pelvis
  37. Sacral promontory to symphysis pubis
    Separates false from true pelvis
    Pelvic brim
  38. What does the false pelvis do?
    Only holds abdominal organs
  39. What does the true pelvis do?
    Holds reproductive organs
  40. Male or female pelvis:
    larger and heavier
    larger articular surfaces
    larger muscle attachements
    Male
  41. Male or female pelvis:
    wider & shallower
    larger pelvic inlet & outlet
    more space in true pelvis
    pubic arch greater than 90 degrees
    Female
  42. How many bones in each lower limb?
    30
  43. Name the 3 joints in the lower extremity
    • Hip
    • Knee
    • Ankle
  44. Longest and strongest bone in body
    Head articulates with acetabulum
    Neck is common fracture site
    Femur
  45. Sesamoid bone (develops in tendon)
    Incresases leverage of quadriceps femoris tendon
    Patella
  46. Medial & larger bone of leg
    Weight-bearing bone
    Tibia
  47. Proximal tibiofibular joint
    Medial malleolus at ankle
    Tibia
  48. Not part of knee joint
    Muscle attachment only
    Lateral malleolus at ankle
    Fibula
  49. How many bones does the proximal region of food contain?
    7 tarsal bones
  50. ankle bone
    articulates with tibia and fibula
    Talus
  51. Heel bone
    Calcaneus
  52. Midregion of the foot
    5 of them
    Each with base, shaft, and head
    Metatarsus
  53. Distal portion of foot
    Similar in numbrer and arrangement to the hand
    Phalanges
  54. Distribute body weight over foot
    Yield and spring back when weight is lifted
    Arches of the foot
  55. Where are the arches located on each foot?
    • Longitudinal arches along each side of foot
    • Transverse arch across midfoot region

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