Trends 1897

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Jme
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105860
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Trends 1897
Updated:
2011-10-02 20:24:41
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Trends
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Trends
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  1. Large patches of bluish skin on the buttocks of dark-skinned infants is
    Mongolian spots

    disappear within months and require no tx
  2. Pearly white cysts on the face
    milia

    disappear within months and require no tx
  3. Small hemangiomas called ________ on eyelids or back of neck.
    stork bites
  4. Also known as prickly heat, is most noticable on the folds of skin, chest and neck
    Milia Rubra
  5. Milia appears pinhead-sized and is reddishesness of the skin papules is
    erythematous
  6. Also called diaper rash is characterized by erythema, edema, vesicles, papules and scaling on the perineum, genitals, buttocks and skin folds is
    Diaper dermatitis
  7. What ointment or cream can be applied to treat candida?
    Nystatin (mycostatin)
  8. Also called cradle cap characterized by yellowish, scaly, or crusted patches on scalp of infants up to 3 months of age
    Seborrheic dermatitis

    typically results from excessive sebaceous gland activity
  9. Also known as eczema is a chronic superficial inflammatory skin disorder characterized by intense pruritis (severe itching)
    atopic dermatitis
  10. Tx for pruritis is
    • hydrating skin
    • reducing inflammation
    • baths and compresses may provide temp relief
  11. A neural tube defect wherein incomplete closure of the vertebrae and neural tube results in a opening through which meninges and spinal cord may protrude.
    spina bifida
  12. The balance between the rate of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) formation and absorption is disturbed is
    hydrocephalus
  13. A convulsion or seizure involves involuntary muscle contraction and relaxation is
    Afebrile convulsions
  14. The most common infection of hte central nervous system in infants is
    meningitis
  15. A nonprogressive motor disorder resulting from damage to the motor centers of the brain
    cerebral palsy
  16. Damage (cerebral palsy) can occur
    During the prenatal, perinatal and post natal period

    before during and after birth
  17. A condition wherein the urethral opening is on the ventral (under) surface of the penis
    hypospadias pg 1903
  18. The result of processus vaginalis failing to close, which allows fluid to enter the scrotum is
    hydrocele
  19. Most hydroceles will close by __ of age withou interventions
    1 year

    If it does not close than surgery
  20. A condition wherein one or both testes do not descend into the scrotal sac
    cryptorchidism
  21. The backflow of urine from the bladder into the ureters and possibly the kidneys
    vesicoureteral reflux
  22. (nephroblastoma) is found in the kidney region and is one of the most common early childhood cancers.
    Wilm's tumor
  23. A chromosomal anomaly resulting in moderate to severe mental retardation
    down syndrome
  24. The eye is not fully developed until approximately 10-12 years of age
    visual impairment
  25. Stabimus is also known as ____ and is caused by lack of coordination of the extraocular muscles
    crossed eye
  26. Hearing loss is divided into four categories
    • Conductive (middle ear)
    • Sensorial hearing loss (nerve deafness)
    • Mixed hearing loss (combo of both)
    • Central hearing loss (brainstem& cerebral cortex)
  27. any intential act of physical neglect or physical, emotional, or sexual abuse committed by a person responsible for the care of the child
    child abuse
  28. Failure to provide adequate hygiene, health care, nutrition, love, nuturing, and supervision required for an infant's normal growth and development.
    Physical neglect
  29. Leaves marks, causes injury, or threatens the child's physical or emotional well-being is considered
    physical abuse / physical punishment
  30. acts of omissions by the caregiver that could cause serious behavioral, cognitive, emotional, or mental disorders
    emotional abuse
  31. exploitation of the child or sexual gratification of an adult
    sexual abuse
  32. ____ substances can be found everywhere. Ingested substsances include cosmetics, cleaning products, medicines, plants, gasoline, toys, lead-based paint...
    poisonous
  33. Occurs when air exchange is hindered by covering of the mouth and nose, applying pressure to the throat or chest, or excluding air
    suffocation

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