Psychology

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c.gaul20
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105867
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Psychology
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2011-10-02 20:52:04
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chapter 4vocab
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  1. gather and process info
    produce response to stimuli
    coordinate the workings of different cells
    nervous system
  2. receives
    process
    interprets
    stores
    ...incoming sensory information about...
    taste
    sounds
    smells
    colors
    pressure
    -brain
    -spinal cord
    automatic
    sends mms to muscles, glands and internal organs
    central nervous system (CNS)
  3. handles the CNS inputs and outputs
    Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
  4. carry mms from spinal cord-brain
    sensory nerves
  5. carry orders from cns -muscles, glands and internal organs
    motor nerves
  6. chemical mms
    hormones
  7. body
    skeletal nervous system
    nerves connected to sensory receptors
    somatic nervous system
  8. (self governing)
    regulates the functioning of blood vessels
    glands
    internal organs
    autonomic nervous system
  9. mobilizes the body for action
    output of energy
    sympathetic nervous system
  10. slows things down
    keeps it running smoothly
    conserve and stores energy
    parasympathetic
  11. transmit information
    neurons
  12. holds neurons in place
    90% of brains cells
    provide neurons with nutrients
    insulation
    protect from toxins
    remove cellular debris
    glial cells
  13. receive mms
    transmit towards the cell body
    dendrites
  14. transmits info from cell body
    axon
  15. insulate axons
    keep transmittance clear
    helps increase speed of transmittance
    myelin sheath
  16. divide mtelin sheaths into segments
    nodes
  17. fibers of individual neurons in PNS
    nerves
  18. space between 1 axon and another dendrite/cell body
    synaptic cleft
  19. site @ transmission of a nerve cell to another occurs
    synapse
  20. produces electric current/ impulse
    change in electrical voltage between inside and outside of an axon
    action potential
  21. chemiacal substance that is released by transmitting neurons @ the synapse
    can excite or inhibit neurons
    neurotransmitter
  22. brains ability to change and adapt in repsonse to experience
    plasticity
  23. immature cells that renew themselves
    have the potential to develop into mature cells
    stem cells
  24. sleep
    appetite
    pain suppression
    mood
    serotonin
  25. voluntary movement
    learing
    memory
    emotion
    pleasure/reward
    dopamine
  26. muscle action
    cognitive functioning
    memory
    emotion
    acetylcholine
  27. increased heart rate
    slowing of intestinal activity during stress
    learning
    memory
    dreaming
    waking from sleep
    emotion
    norephinephrine
  28. inhibitory neurotransmitter
    GABA
  29. excitatory
    released by 90% of the brains neurons
    glutamate
  30. found in protein rich foods
    building block for serotonin
    tryptophan
  31. brains natural opiates
    reduces pain
    promotes preasure
    primarily alter the effects of neurotransmiiers
    endorphins
  32. long distance messengers
    primarily producede in the endocrin glands
    released directly into bloodstream
    affect functioning of target organs and tissues
    hormones
  33. pineal gland
    promotes sleep
    melatonin
  34. pituitary gland
    enhances uterine contractions & ejection of milk
    oxytocin
  35. adrenal gland
    emotion & stress
    adrenal hormones
  36. outer adrenal gland
    increases blood sugar levels
    boost energy
    cortisol
  37. male onset of puberty
    gonads & adrenal gland
    androgens
  38. gonads & adrenal gland
    onset of menstruation
    estrogen
  39. gonads & adrenal gland
    growth and maintenance of uterine lining
    progestrone
  40. detects electrical activity
    electrodes
  41. patterns of electrical activity in the brain
    EEG
  42. biochemical activity of the brain via glucose injection
    dispalys info about areas that are active during a certain action
    PET scan
  43. body and brain tisue image
    MRI
  44. what happens when a brain area is temporarily inactive
    TMS
  45. pons
    medulla
    reticular activating system
    brain stem
  46. sleeping
    waking
    dreaming
    pons
  47. automatic functions
    breathing
    heart rate
    medulla
  48. screening of incoming information
    arousal of higher centers
    consciousness
    reticular activating system (RAS)
  49. balance
    muscular coordination
    memory for simple skills and learned reflexes
    cerebellum
  50. relay of impulses from higher centers to the spinal cord and of incoming sensory information to other brain centers
    thalamus
  51. survival skills..
    hunger
    thirts
    emotion
    reproduction
    regulation of body temp
    control of autonomic nervous system
    hypothalamus
  52. borders between higher and lower part of the brain
    emotional reactoin
    motivatonal behavior
    limbic system
  53. directed by hypothalamus
    secretion of hormones that affect other glands
    pituitary gland
  54. initial evaluation of sensory information to determine its importance
    meditation of anxiety and depression
    formation and retrieval of emotional memories
    amygdala
  55. comparison of sensory information with expectations
    modulation of RAS
    formation of new memories about facts and events
    hippocampus
  56. occipital
    parietal
    temporal
    frontal
    cerebrum
  57. large band of fibers connecting the cerebrum
    corpus callosum
  58. spedensely packed cells that cover the cerebrum
    contains 75% of all cells in the brain
    cerebral cortex
  59. visual processing
    occipital lobe
  60. processing of...
    pain
    pressure
    touch temp
    parietal lobe
  61. memory
    perception
    emotion
    hearing
    language comprehension
    temporal lobe
  62. 1/3 of entire cortex in humans
    reasoning
    decision makeing
    planning
    personality
    prefontal cortex

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