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  1. What is Reflexology?
    Reflexology is a science that deals with the principle that there are reflex areas in the feet and hands (and ears) which correspond to all the glands, organs and parts of the body. Reflexology is a unique method of using a type of compression massage on these reflex areas to stimulate the movement of energy and the nerve supply to the different body systems At the same time thousands of nerve endings in the fee are energized, thus enhancing the activity of the body via the nervous system.
  2. Benefits of Reflexology
    • Relieves and reduces stress and tension
    • Improves the nerve and blood supply and circulation througout the body
    • Assists with detoxification
    • Assists the body systems ot achieve homeostasis and balance
  3. Two areas areas on the feet most beneficial in relieving pain/anxiety/nervous tension
    Diaphragm and Solarplexus
  4. Functions of the skeleton
    The skeleton is the basic framework of the body. It supports the muscles, protects the vital organs and allows movement of the body. It protects and produces red blood and immune cells.
  5. Functions of the inter-vertebral discs of cartilage
    They act as shock absorbers and allow for movement of the spine.
  6. Functions of red blood cells/white blood cells/platelets
    Red blood cells carry oxygen to tissues and remove carbon carbon dioxide from the tissues where it is discharged through the lungs.
  7. Why is calcium so important for the functioning of the body?
    Calcium is necessary for the clotting of blood, beatin of the heart, contraction of muscles and for the functioning of the nervous system.
  8. What is the Central Nervous System?
    • Brain
    • Brain Stem
    • Spinal Cord
  9. What is the peripheral nervous system?
    The extensions of nerves from the spinal cord into all parts of the body.
  10. Be able to locate all the glands of the body on the diagram of the endocrine system
  11. What is a hormone?
    Hormones are microscopic chemical particles which are very powerful and control almost all bodily functions
  12. Main functions of the Pituitary Gland
    • produces the hormone governing growth
    • produces prolactin, which stimulates milk production in the breast
    • initiates labor
    • maintains water level and tehrefore body temperature
    • balances cell production
  13. Functions of the Pineal gland
    Secretes Melatonin, a sleep inducer.
  14. Functions of the Thyroid Gland
    The thyroid is responsible for the body's metabolism
  15. Symptoms of Hypo-Thyrodism
    • Constipation
    • Low Blood Pressure
    • Poor appetite with weight gain
    • Dry coarse skin
    • Dry hair and hair loss
  16. Symptoms Hyper-active Thyroid
    • Heart & breathing rate high
    • Diarrhea
    • High Blood Pressure
    • Increased appetite with weight loss
    • Excitable and nervous
    • Goiter
  17. What are the 3 main functions of the Adrenal glands?
    The Adrenals produce the "stress" hormone adrenaline and they produce sex hormones which they also help to balance.
  18. What are the million tiny glands in the Pancreas called?
    Islets of Langerhans
  19. The pancreas produce which hormone?
    Insulin and Glugagon
  20. Underactivity of pancreas
    • Insufficient production of insulin resulting in high sugar levels
    • Constant hunger and thirst
    • Excessive urine production
    • Weight loss
    • Itching of genitals
    • Fatigue and irritability
    • Tendency towards skin infections
    • Disturbed vision with focusing difficulty
    • Numbness of hands and feet
  21. Over-activity of the pancreas
    • Over secretion of insulin resulting in LOW sugar levels
    • Hunger
    • Sweating
    • Irritability and giddiness
    • Weakness, dizziness, convulsions and coma
    • Nerve tissue is affected as well as muscles and brain
  22. What is the function of the prostate gland in the male?
    • It produces a fluid that combines with sperm to make semen.
    • Also helps control urination
  23. Function of Arteries
    • (red)
    • allow oxygenated blood to travel away from the heart
  24. Function of Veins
    • (blue)
    • carry de-oxygenated blood back to the heart
  25. Name and describe the two basic circulatory systems
    • Pulmonary Circulation - pumps blood to and from the lungs
    • Systemic Circulation - pumps blood to and from the rest of the body
  26. Locate on the diagram of the Digestive System:
    Esophagus, Stomach, Liver, Spleen, Pancreas, Gall Bladder, Small Intestine, Appendix, Cecum, Ileocecal Valve, Colon, Rectum, Anus
    Image Upload 1
  27. What are the organs of the Alimentary Canal?
    Mouth, throat, pharynx and esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus.
  28. Which organs of digestion do not belong to the Alimentary Canal?
    • Liver
    • Gallbladder
    • Spleen
    • Pancreas
  29. The strongest component of gastric juice is....
    ....hydrochloric acid.
  30. Why do ulcers occur in the duodenum more frequently than in the stomach?
    The stomach has a protective mucus lining, the duodenum's mucus lining is much thinner
  31. Name at least three functions of the liver
    • The liver produces bile which is essential for the digestion of fats
    • The liver stores iron, vitamins and other nutrients for future use
    • The liver plays a part in balancing the sex hormones to the correct level
    • The liver detoxifies poisons in our blood and combat bacterial infections
  32. What is the primary function of the gall bladder and of bile?
    The gall bladder stores and releases concentrated bile which is used to emulsify fats.
  33. Describe the two primary functions of the kidneys
    • The kidneys maintain the correct water balance in the body as well as an exact mineral balance.
    • The kidneys also filters and cleanses our blood.
  34. What would occur within the body if the kidneys were weak or functioned poorly?
    The waste which the kidneys dipose of would accumulate in the body and make the person very ill
  35. What are the Lymphatic System's two main tasks?
    • Detoxification
    • Defense of the body
    • Draining of tissue spaces and distribution
  36. Helper area: ASTHMA
    • Chest & Lung area
    • Thoracic Vertebrae
    • Adrenal Glands
    • Ileo-cecal valve
    • Colon
    • Diaphragm and Solar Plexus
  37. Helper Area: Constipation
    • Thyroid
    • Liver
    • Gallbladder
    • Spleen
    • Adrenal Glands
    • Lumbar
    • Ileo-cecal Valve and Sigmoid
  38. Helper Area: Menstrual Cramps
    • Uterus, Ovaries, Fallopian Tubes
    • Lumbar
    • Diaphragm and Solar Plexus
  39. Helper Area: Diabetes
    • Pancreas
    • Endocrine System
    • Liver
    • Digestive System
  40. Helper Area: Insomnia
    • Diaphragm and solar Plexus
    • Endocrine System
    • Nervous System
  41. Helper Area: Stomach Ulcer
    • Stomach
    • Duodenum
    • Adrenal Glands
    • Diaphragm and Solar Plexus
    • Lymphatic
  42. Helper Area: General stress, headache, pain
    • Diaphragm & Solar Plexus
    • Adrenals
  43. Helper Area: Compromised Immune System, Fatigue
    • Nervous System
    • Pituitary gland
    • Diaphragm & Solar Plexus
    • Adrenals

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