Reflexology is a science that deals with the principle that there are reflex areas in the feet and hands (and ears) which correspond to all the glands, organs and parts of the body. Reflexology is a unique method of using a type of compression massage on these reflex areas to stimulate the movement of energy and the nerve supply to the different body systems At the same time thousands of nerve endings in the fee are energized, thus enhancing the activity of the body via the nervous system.
Benefits of Reflexology
Relieves and reduces stress and tension
Improves the nerve and blood supply and circulation througout the body
Assists with detoxification
Assists the body systems ot achieve homeostasis and balance
Two areas areas on the feet most beneficial in relieving pain/anxiety/nervous tension
Diaphragm and Solarplexus
Functions of the skeleton
The skeleton is the basic framework of the body. It supports the muscles, protects the vital organs and allows movement of the body. It protects and produces red blood and immune cells.
Functions of the inter-vertebral discs of cartilage
They act as shock absorbers and allow for movement of the spine.
Functions of red blood cells/white blood cells/platelets
Red blood cells carry oxygen to tissues and remove carbon carbon dioxide from the tissues where it is discharged through the lungs.
Why is calcium so important for the functioning of the body?
Calcium is necessary for the clotting of blood, beatin of the heart, contraction of muscles and for the functioning of the nervous system.
What is the Central Nervous System?
What is the peripheral nervous system?
The extensions of nerves from the spinal cord into all parts of the body.
Be able to locate all the glands of the body on the diagram of the endocrine system
What is a hormone?
Hormones are microscopic chemical particles which are very powerful and control almost all bodily functions
Main functions of the Pituitary Gland
produces the hormone governing growth
produces prolactin, which stimulates milk production in the breast
maintains water level and tehrefore body temperature
balances cell production
Functions of the Pineal gland
Secretes Melatonin, a sleep inducer.
Functions of the Thyroid Gland
The thyroid is responsible for the body's metabolism
Symptoms of Hypo-Thyrodism
Low Blood Pressure
Poor appetite with weight gain
Dry coarse skin
Dry hair and hair loss
Symptoms Hyper-active Thyroid
Heart & breathing rate high
High Blood Pressure
Increased appetite with weight loss
Excitable and nervous
What are the 3 main functions of the Adrenal glands?
The Adrenals produce the "stress" hormone adrenaline and they produce sex hormones which they also help to balance.
What are the million tiny glands in the Pancreas called?
Islets of Langerhans
The pancreas produce which hormone?
Insulin and Glugagon
Underactivity of pancreas
Insufficient production of insulin resulting in high sugar levels
Constant hunger and thirst
Excessive urine production
Itching of genitals
Fatigue and irritability
Tendency towards skin infections
Disturbed vision with focusing difficulty
Numbness of hands and feet
Over-activity of the pancreas
Over secretion of insulin resulting in LOW sugar levels
Irritability and giddiness
Weakness, dizziness, convulsions and coma
Nerve tissue is affected as well as muscles and brain
What is the function of the prostate gland in the male?
It produces a fluid that combines with sperm to make semen.
Also helps control urination
Function of Arteries
allow oxygenated blood to travel away from the heart
Function of Veins
carry de-oxygenated blood back to the heart
Name and describe the two basic circulatory systems
Pulmonary Circulation - pumps blood to and from the lungs
Systemic Circulation - pumps blood to and from the rest of the body
Locate on the diagram of the Digestive System:
Esophagus, Stomach, Liver, Spleen, Pancreas, Gall Bladder, Small Intestine, Appendix, Cecum, Ileocecal Valve, Colon, Rectum, Anus
What are the organs of the Alimentary Canal?
Mouth, throat, pharynx and esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus.
Which organs of digestion do not belong to the Alimentary Canal?
The strongest component of gastric juice is....
Why do ulcers occur in the duodenum more frequently than in the stomach?
The stomach has a protective mucus lining, the duodenum's mucus lining is much thinner
Name at least three functions of the liver
The liver produces bile which is essential for the digestion of fats
The liver stores iron, vitamins and other nutrients for future use
The liver plays a part in balancing the sex hormones to the correct level
The liver detoxifies poisons in our blood and combat bacterial infections
What is the primary function of the gall bladder and of bile?
The gall bladder stores and releases concentrated bile which is used to emulsify fats.
Describe the two primary functions of the kidneys
The kidneys maintain the correct water balance in the body as well as an exact mineral balance.
The kidneys also filters and cleanses our blood.
What would occur within the body if the kidneys were weak or functioned poorly?
The waste which the kidneys dipose of would accumulate in the body and make the person very ill