Chapter 6

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reads2much
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106020
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Chapter 6
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2011-10-05 15:58:40
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Methods Behavioral Research
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Methods Behavioral Research CAS 301
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  1. Which of the following is NOT a quantitative approach to describing behavior?

    A)the percentage of students enrolled in 4 or more courses
    B)personal explanations for not wearing seat belts
    C)the average age of children entering school
    D)the number of drivers that are stopped by police officers each day
    B)personal explanations for not wearing seat belts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Dr. V should use ___________ to describe and understand how homeless people live.

    A)a lab experiment
    B)a field experiment
    C)archival research
    D)naturalistic observation
    D)naturalistic observation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of these statements is TRUE about naturalistic observations?

    A)both a and b
    B)The goal is to test hypotheses formed prior to the study.
    C)The field researcher becomes a direct participant interacting with those who are being observed.
    D)The field researcher keeps detailed field notes.
    D)The field researcher keeps detailed field notes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Naturalistic observation requires accurate description and ___________ interpretations.

    A)objective
    B)subjective
    C)positive
    D)intuitive
    C)positive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which of the following is a limitation of naturalistic observations?

    A)It cannot be used to investigate complex social settings.
    B)Field research is very difficult to do.
    C)Field research can be very time consuming.
    D)both a and b
    D)both a and b
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. A negative case is __________.

    A)unusual data turned up because the researcher is not familiar with the setting
    B)a study with too little data
    C)an observation that does not fit the researcher’s explanatory structure
    D)a study with missing data
    D)a study with missing data
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. __________ observation refers to the careful observation of one or more specific behaviors in a particular setting.

    A)Specific
    B)Nonparticipatory
    C)Systematic
    D)Naturalistic
    C)Systematic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. A(n) _________ is a type of case study in which a researcher applies psychological theory to explain the life of an individual.

    A)histobiography
    B)autobiography
    C)psychobiography
    D)case biography
    C)psychobiography
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Case studies are used to describe __________.

    A)individuals
    B)businesses
    C)all of these
    D)neighborhoods
    B)businessesB)individualsC)neighborhoodsD)all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. __________ research involves using previously compiled information to answer research questions.

    A)Case study
    B)Laboratory
    C)Archival
    D)Experimental
    C)Archival
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following is NOT a type of archival research data?

    A)written records
    B)statistical records
    C)oral statements
    D)survey archives
    C)oral statements
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following is a major problem with the use of archival data?

    A)Information collected by someone else may not be accurate.
    B)The desired records may be difficult to obtain.
    C)There is tremendous bias in written records.
    D)both a and b
    D) both a and b
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Books, magazine articles, movies, television programs, and newspapers are examples of ___________ records.

    A)ethnographical
    B)written
    C)mass communication
    D)cultural communication
    C)mass communication
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Letters preserved by historical societies are an example of __________.

    A)both a and b
    B)mass communication records
    C)written records
    D)survey data
    C)written records
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. To find out more about cultural differences in marriage customs, a researcher could access the ___________.

    A)Educational Testing Service
    B)SYMLOG
    C)Human Relations Area Files
    D)Family Interaction Coding System
    A)Educational Testing Service
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Focus groups are used to collect qualitative data.

    A)True
    B)False
    TRUE
  17. Naturalistic observation has roots in anthropology and the study of animal behavior.

    A)True
    B)False
    TRUE
  18. The data in naturalistic observation studies are primarily quantitative in nature.

    A)True
    B)False
    FALSE
  19. A potential problem with participant observation is remaining objective of the situation.

    A)True
    B)False
    TRUE
  20. Naturalistic observation is most useful when studying well-defined hypotheses under specified conditions.

    A)True
    B)False
    FALSE
  21. Bakeman and Brownlee (1980) developed a coding system to examine the videotaped social behavior of young children.

    A)True
    B)False
    TRUE
  22. When conducting systematic observations, two or more raters usually code the behavior.

    A)True
    B)False
    TRUE
  23. The Human Relations Area Files contain public health statistics and test score records.

    A)True
    B)False
    FALSE
  24. The General Social Survey is a data set which contains anthropologists' descriptions of many cultures.

    A)True
    B)False
    FALSE
  25. Content analysis requires researchers to devise coding systems that raters can use to quantify information.

    A)True
    B)False
    TRUE
  26. THE END
    THE END

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