Eye

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walkineasy
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106044
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Eye
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2011-10-09 13:09:04
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Chapter 14
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  1. c f and d of otorhinolarygology
    • ot/o = ear
    • rhin = nose
    • laryng/o = throat
    • -logy = study of

    study of ear, nose and throat ENT
  2. c f of eye
    • ocul/o
    • opthamology
  3. c f of vision
    • opt/o
    • optic
  4. c f of hearing
    • audi/o
    • acous/o
  5. c f and d of binocular vision
    • bin- = two
    • ocul/o = eye
    • -ar = pertaining to

    this vision sends two slightly different images to the brain which produces our depth of vision
  6. term for right eye
    oculus dextra
  7. term for left eye
    oculus sinistra
  8. c f and d of supraorbital area
    • supra- = above
    • orbit/o = orbit
    • -al = pertaining to

    The eyebrows
  9. c f and d canthous
    canth/o


    the corner of the eye
  10. c f of eyelid
    • blephar/o
    • palperbr/o
  11. palpebral fissure
    area where upper and lower eyelid meet
  12. palpebration
    blinking
  13. c f and d of conjuctiva
    conjunctiv/o

    membrane that lines the eyelids
  14. c f and d of tears
    • lacrim/o
    • dacry/o

    produced by the lacrimal glands
  15. meibomian glands
    glands that secrete oil to lubricate the eyelashes
  16. c f of lacrimal glands
    dacryoaden/o
  17. c f and d of lacrimal sac
    dacryocyst/o

    tears drain into this sac
  18. c f and d of nasolacrimal ducts
    • nas/o = nose
    • lacrim/o = tears
    • -al = pertaining to

    tears drain from the lacrimal sacs through these ducts to the nose
  19. c f and d of extraocular muscles
    • extra- = outside
    • ocul/o = eye
    • -al = pertaining to

    attach the eyeball to the orbit and move the eye
  20. tunic
    layer
  21. fibrous tunic
    outer layer of the eyeball. consists of the sclera and the cornea
  22. c f of sclera
    scler/o
  23. vascular tunic (uvea)
    uve/o

    the middle layer of the eyeball

    made up of the choroid, ciliary body and the iris
  24. nervous tunic
    the inner layer of the eyeball.

    consists of the retina
  25. c f of cornea
    • corne/o
    • kerat/o
  26. accomodation
    the lens of the eye is flattened to see something far away and is thickened to see something close.
  27. sclera
    the white part of the eye

    sclera means hard
  28. cornea
    portion of the sclera that is transparent and covers the anterior section of the eye

    where refraction occurs
  29. nimbus
    the border of the cornea between it and sclera
  30. c f and d of iris (plural irides)
    • ir/o
    • irid/o

    smooth muscle that contracts and relaxes to moderate the amount of light that enters the eye

    the colored part of the eye
  31. c f and d of pupil
    • pupil/o
    • core/o
    • cor/o

    dark area in the center of the iris where the light continues its progres to the lens
  32. c f and d of cilliary body
    cycl/o

    thin strands of muscle that holds the lens in place

    the fluid produced by its capillaries is called the aqueous humor
  33. c f and d of lens
    • phak/o
    • phac/o

    made of protein and covered by an elastic capsule. held in place by thin strands of muscle that make up the ciliary body
  34. aqueous humor
    fluid that nourishes the cornea, gives shape to the anterior eye and maintains an optimum introcular pressure
  35. C f and d vitreous humor
    vitre/o

    jellylike substance between the retina and the lens.

    holds the chorioid membrane against the retina to ensure and adequate blood supply
  36. c f and d of retina
    retin/o

    inner layer of the eye

    contains sensory receptors for the images carried by the light rays
  37. rods
    sensory receptor

    responsible for vision in dim light
  38. cones
    sensory receptor concentrated in the central area of the retina

    responsible for color vision
  39. c f and d of macula lutea
    macul/o

    area of the retina on which the light rays focus
  40. fovea
    area within the macula that contains only cones and provides the sharpest image
  41. c f and d of optic disk
    papill/o

    allows a natural blind spot in our vision

    this is where the optic nerve leaves the retina to travel to the brain.
  42. bin-
    two
  43. extra-
    outside
  44. supra-
    above
  45. cf and d of blepharedemna
    • blephar/o = eyelid
    • -edema = swelling

    swelling of the eyelid
  46. cf and d of blepharitis
    • blephar/o = eyelid
    • -itis = inflammation

    inflammation of the eyelid
  47. cf and d of blepharochalasis
    • blephar/o = eyelid
    • -chalasis = relaxation/slackening

    hypertrophy of the skin of the eyelid
  48. cf and d of blepharoptosis
    • blephar/o = eyelid
    • -ptosis = drooping

    drooping of the upper eyelid
  49. ectropion
    • ec- = out
    • trop/o = turning
    • -ion = process of

    turning outward of the eyelid
  50. entropion
    • en- = in
    • trop/o = turining
    • -ion = process of

    turning inward of the eyelid
  51. chalazion
    meibomian cyst
  52. hordeolum
    stye = infection of one of the sebacous glands of the eyelash
  53. cf and d of dacryoadenitis
    • dacryoaden/o = lacrimal gland
    • -itis = inflammation

    inflammation of the tear duct
  54. cf and d of dacryocystitis
    • dacryocyst/o = lacrimal sac
    • -itis = inflammation

    inflammation of the lacrimal sac
  55. epiphora
    excessive tears
  56. cf and d of xerophthalmia
    • xer/o = dry
    • opthalmal/o = eye
    • -ia = condition

    dry eye
  57. cf and d of conjunctivitis
    • conjunctiv/o = conjunctiva
    • -itis = inflammation

    inflammation of the conjunctiva

    pink eye
  58. cf and d of opthalmia neonatorum
    • opthalm/o = eye
    • -ia = condition

    • neo- new
    • nat/o = born
    • -um = structure

    servere conjunctivitis in the newborn
  59. cf and d of amblyopia
    • ambly/o = dull, dim
    • -opia = vision condition

    dull of dim vision due to disuse
  60. cf and d of diplomia
    • dipl/o = double
    • -opia = vision condition

    double vision
  61. cf and d of exophthalmia
    • ex- = out
    • opthalm/o = eye
    • -ia = condition

    protrusion of the eyeball
  62. cf and d of photophobia
    • phot/o = light
    • -phobia= condition of fear

    extreme sensitivity to light
  63. strabismus
    lack of coordination of the eyes
  64. cf and d of estropia
    • eso- = inward
    • trop/o = turning
    • -ia = condition

    turning inward of one of both eyes
  65. cf and d of exotropia
    • exo- = outward
    • trop/o = turning
    • -ia = condition

    turning outward of one or both eyes
  66. astigmatism
    malcurvature of the cornea leading to blurred vision
  67. cf and d of hyperopia
    • hyper- = excessive
    • -opia = vision condition

    farsightedness
  68. cf and d of myopia
    • my/o = to shut
    • -opia = vision condition

    nearsightedness
  69. cf and d of presbyopia
    • presby- = old age
    • -opia = vision condition

    loss of elasticity of the lens
  70. cf and d of corneal ulcer
    • corne/o = cornea
    • -al = pertaining to

    an abrasion of the outer covering of the eye
  71. cf and d of keratitis
    • kerat/o = cornea
    • -itis = inflammation

    inflammation of the cornea
  72. cf and d of anisocoria
    • an- = not
    • is/o = equal
    • cor/o = pupil
    • -ia = condition

    unequally sized pupils
  73. cf and d of hyphema
    • hypo- = under
    • hem/o = blood
    • -a = noun ending

    blood in the anterior chamber of the eye
  74. cf and d of uveitis
    • uve/o = uvea
    • -itis = inflammation

    inflammation of the uvea (iris, ciliary body and choroids)
  75. cf and d of aphakia
    • a- = without
    • phak/o = lens
    • -ia = condition

    no lens
  76. cataract
    loss of transparency of the lens
  77. cf and d of glaucoma
    • glauc/o = gray, bluish green
    • -oma = mass

    abnormal intraocular pressure due to obstruction of the outflow of aqueous humor
  78. cf and d of achromatopsia
    • a- = without
    • chromat/o = color
    • -opsia = vision condition

    color blindness
  79. age-related macular degeneration (ARMD)
    progressive destruction of the macula. resulting in a loss of central vision
  80. cf and d of diabetic retinopathy
    • retin/o = retina
    • -pathy = disease

    damage of the retina due to diabetes
  81. cf and d of hemianopsia
    • hemi- = half
    • an- = not, without
    • -opsia = vision condition

    loss of half the visual field (result of CVA)
  82. cf and d of nyctalopia
    • nyctal/o = night blindness
    • -opia = vision condition

    night blindness, inablility to see well in dim light
  83. retinal tear, retinal detachment
    seperation of the retina from the corneal layer
  84. cf and d of retinitis pigmentosa
    • retin/o = retina
    • -itis = inflammation

    hereditary disease marked by night blindness and progressive loss of visiual field
  85. cf and d of scotoma
    • scot/o = darkness
    • -oma = mass

    blind spot
  86. nystagmus
    involuntary back and forth movement of the eye
  87. cf and d of optic neuritis
    • opt/o = vision
    • -ic = pertaining to

    • neur/o = nerve
    • -itis = inflammation

    inflammation of the optic nerve
  88. cf and d of chorodial hemangioma
    • chorod/o = choroid
    • -al = pertaining to

    • hemangi/o = blood vessel
    • -oma = mass

    tumor of the blood vessel under the retin
  89. cf and d of intraocular melanoma
    • intra- = within
    • ocul/o = eye
    • -ar = pertaining to

    • melan/o = black
    • -oma = mass

    malignant tumore of the choroid, ciliary body or iris
  90. cf and d of retinoblastoma
    • retin/o = retina
    • blast/o = embronic, immature
    • -oma = tumor

    condition present at birth that arises from embryonic retinal cells
  91. amsler grid
    test to asses central vision
  92. diopters
    level of measurement that quantifies the amount of nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism
  93. cf and d of fluorescein angiography
    • angi/o = vessel
    • -graphy = process of recording

    procedure where dye is injected into the eye to confirm retinal disease
  94. fluorescein staining
    use of a dye in the eyes that allows you to see abnormalities of the cornea
  95. cf and d of gonioscopy
    • goni/o = angle
    • -scopy = visual exam

    visual exam of the angle of the anterior chamber of the eye to diagnose glaucoma
  96. cf and d of opthalmic sonography
    • opthalm/o = eye
    • -ic = pertaining to

    • son/o = sound
    • -graphy = process of recording

    use of sound waves to look at the interior of the eye
  97. cf and d of opthalmoscopy
    • opthalm/o = eye
    • -scopy = visual exam

    any visual exam of the interior of the eye
  98. schrimer tear test
    test to determkine the amount of tears produced
  99. slit lamp examination
    used to examine the various layers of the eye
  100. cf and d of tonometry
    • ton/o = tone, tension
    • -metry = process of measurment

    measuring the intraocular pressure
  101. visual acuity assesment (VA)
    test of the clearness or sharpness of vision

    also called the snellen test
  102. visual field test (VF)
    test to determine the area of physical space visible to an individual
  103. cf and d of blepharoplasty
    • blephar/o = eyelid
    • -plasty = surgical repair

    surgical repair of the eyelids
  104. cf and d of blepharorrhapy
    • blephar/o = eyelid
    • -rrhapy = suture

    suture of the eyelid
  105. cf and d of dacryocystorhinostomy
    • dacryocyst/o = lacrimal sac
    • rhin/o = nose
    • -stomy = new opening

    creation of an opening between the tear duct and the nose
  106. cf and d of enucleation of the eye
    • e- = out
    • nucle/o = nucleus
    • -ation = process of

    removal of the entire eyeball
  107. cf and d of evisceration of the eye
    • e- = out
    • viscer/o = organ
    • -ation = process of

    removal of the contents of the eyeball, leaving the sclera intact
  108. exenteration of the eye
    removal of the entire contents of the orbit
  109. cf and d of anterior cilliary sclerotomy
    • scler/o = sclera
    • -tomy = incision

    incision in the sclera of the eye to treat presbyopia (loss of elasticity of the lens)
  110. corneal incision procedure
    cornea is cut to change the shape to correct refractive error

    keratotomy
  111. cf and d of astigmatic keratotomy
    • kerat/o = cornea
    • -tomy = incision

    incision of the cornea to treat astigmatism by shaping a more rounded cornea
  112. cf and d of photorefractive keratotomy
    • kerat/o = cornea
    • -tomy = incision

    laser reshaping of the cornea
  113. flap procedure
    any procedure where the cornea is cut to allow access to a lower structure
  114. laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK)
    laser is used to remove material under the corneal flap.
  115. cf and d of cataract extraction
    • ex- = out
    • tract/o = pull
    • -ion = process of

    removal of the lens to treat cataracts
  116. cf and d of intraocular lenses (IOLs)
    • intra- = within
    • ocul/o = eye
    • -ar = pertaining to

    use of an implanted artifical lens
  117. phacoemulisification and aspiration of cataract
    phac/o = lens

    destruction and removal of the contents of the capsule by breaking it into small pieces and removing it
  118. cf and d of coreoplasty
    • core/o = pupil
    • -plasty = surgical repair

    surgical repair to form and artifical pupil
  119. cf and d of goniotomy
    • goni/o = angle
    • -tomy = incision

    incision of the schlemm canal to correct glaucoma by providing an exit for aqueous humor
  120. cf and d of trabeculotomy
    • trabecul/o = little beam
    • -tomy = incision

    incision of the orbital network of the eye to promote circulation and decrease intraocular pressure
  121. cf and d of retinal photocoagulation
    • retin/o = retina
    • -al = pertaining to

    • phot/o = light
    • coagulation = to clot

    destruction of retinal lesions using light rays
  122. cf and d of scleral buckling
    • scler/o = sclera
    • -al pertaining to

    reattachement of the retina using a cryoprobe
  123. cf and d of vitrectomy
    • vitr/o = vitreous humor, glossy
    • -ectomy = removal

    removal of all or part of the vitreous humor
  124. cycloplegics
    drugs that induce paralysis of the cilliary body to allow examination of the eye
  125. medications to treat glaucoma
    used to decrease the intraocular pressure by decreasing the amount of fluid in the eye or by increasing the drainage

    dorzolamide, pilocarpine, latanoprost
  126. miotics
    drugs that cause the pupils to constrict
  127. mydriatics
    drugs that cause the pupil to dialate

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