Musculoskeletal System

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Author:
MyMichele25
ID:
106059
Filename:
Musculoskeletal System
Updated:
2011-10-03 18:52:07
Tags:
Combining Form Suffix
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Description:
Combining Forms and Suffixes of the Musculoskeletal System
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  1. -porosis
    • porous
    • oste/o/porosis - porous bone
  2. -physis
    • growth
    • epi/physis - growth upon (the end of a long bone)
  3. -clast
    • to break
    • oste/o/clast - cell that breaks down bone
  4. -clasia
    • to break; surgical fracture
    • oste/o/clasia - surgical fracture of a bone
  5. -blast
    • embryonic cell
    • my/o/blast - embryonic cell that develops into muscle
  6. -asthenia
    • weakness, debility
    • my/asthenia - weakness of muscle (and abnormal fatigue)
  7. tendin/o
    • tendon
    • tendon/itis - inflammation of a tendon
  8. tend/o
    • tendon
    • tend/o/plasty - surgical repair of a tendon
  9. ten/o
    • tendon
    • ten/o/desis - surgical binding or fixation of a tendon
  10. synov/o
    • synovial membrane, synovial fluid
    • synov/ectomy - removal of a synovial membrane
  11. fibr/o
    • fiber, fibrous tissue
    • fibr/oma - tumor of fibrous tissue
  12. fasci/o
    • band, fascia (fiberous membrane supporting and separating muscles)
    • fasci/o/plasty - surgical repair of fascia
  13. chondr/o
    • cartilage
    • chondr/itis - inflammation of cartilage
  14. rhabdomy/o
    • rod-shaped (striated) muscle
    • rhabdomy/oma - tumor composed of striated muscular tissue
  15. rhabd/o
    • rod-shaped (striated)
    • rhabd/oid - resembling a rod
  16. my/o
    • muscle
    • my/oma - tumor of muscle (tissue)
  17. muscul/o
    • muscle
    • muscul/ar - pertaining to muscles
  18. leiomy/o
    • smooth muscle (visceral)
    • leimy/oma - tumor of smooth muscle
  19. tibi/o
    • tibia (larger bone of lower leg)
    • tibi/o/femor/al - pertaining to the tibia and femur
  20. stern/o
    • sternum (breastbone)
    • stern/ad - toward the sternum
  21. vertebr/o
    • vertebrae (backbone)
    • inter/vertebr/al - pertaining to the area between two vertebrae
  22. spondyl/o
    • vertebrae (backbone)
    • spondyl/itis - inflammation of the vertebrae
  23. radi/o
    • radiation, x-ray; radius (lower arm bone on thumb side)
    • radi/al - pertaining to the radius
  24. pub/o
    • pelvis bone (anterior part of the pelvic bone)
    • pub/o/coccyg/eal - pertaining to the pubis and the coccyx
  25. pod/o
    • foot
    • pod/iatry - treatment of the feet
  26. phalang/o
    • phalanges (bones of the fingers & toes)
    • phalang/ectomy - excision of the phalanges
  27. pelv/o
    • pelvis
    • pelv/ic - pertaining to the pelvis
  28. pelv/i
    • pelvis
    • pelv/i/metry - act of measuring the pelvis
  29. patell/o
    • patella (kneecap)
    • patell/ectomy - removal of the patella
  30. metatars/o
    • metatarsus (foot bones)
    • metatars/algia - pain in the metatarsus
  31. metacarp/o
    • metacarpus (hand bones)
    • metacarp/ectomy - excision of metacarpal bones
  32. lumb/o
    • loins (lower back)
    • lumb/o/dynia - pain in lumbar region of the back; also called lumbago
  33. ischi/o
    • ischium (lower portion of hip bone)
    • ischi/o/dynia - pain in the ischium
  34. ili/o
    • ilium (lateral, flaring portion of hip bone)
    • ili/o/pelv/ic - pertaining to the iliac area of the pelvis
  35. humer/o
    • humerus (upper arm bone)
    • humer/o/scapul/ar - relating to the humerus and scapula
  36. fibul/o
    • fibula (smaller bone of lower leg)
    • fibul/o/calcane/al - pertaining to the fibula and calcaneous
  37. femor/o
    • femur (thigh bone)
    • femor/al - pertaining to the femur
  38. dactyl/o
    • fingers; toes
    • dactyl/itis - inflammation of fingers or toes
  39. crani/o
    • cranium (skull)
    • crani/o/tomy - incision of the cranium
  40. cost/o
    • ribs
    • cost/ectomy - excision of a rib
  41. clavicul/o
    • clavicle (collar bone)
    • clavicul/ar - pertaining to the clavicle
  42. cervic/o
    • neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
    • cervic/o/dynia - pain in the neck; also called cervical neuralgia
  43. cephal/o
    • head
    • cephal/ad - toward the head
  44. carp/o
    • carpus (wrist bone)
    • carp/o/ptosis - wrist drop
  45. calcane/o
    • calcaneum (heel bone)
    • calcane/o/dynia - pain in the heel
  46. brachi/o
    • arm
    • brachi/algia - pain in the arm
  47. acromi/o
    • acromion (projection of scapula)
    • acromi/al - pertaining to the acromion
  48. thorac/o
    • chest
    • thorac/o/dynia - pain in the chest
  49. scoli/o
    • crooked, bent
    • scoli/osis - abnormal bending of the spine
  50. ped/i
    • foot; child
    • ped/i/cure - care of feet
  51. ped/o
    • foot; child
    • ped/o/graph - instrument for recording the foot
  52. oste/o
    • bone
    • oste/oma - tumor composed of bone
  53. orth/o
    • straight
    • orth/o/ped/ist - specialist in treatment of musculoskeletal disorders
  54. myel/o
    • bone marrow; spinal cord
    • myel/o/cyte - bone marrow cell
  55. lord/o
    • curve, sway back
    • lord/osis - abnormal condition of a swayback posture
  56. lamin/o
    • lamina (part of a vertebral arch)
    • lamin/ectomy - excision of the lamina
  57. kyph/o
    • humpback
    • kyph/osis - abnormal condition of a humpback posture
  58. arthr/o
    • joint
    • arthr/itis - inflammation of a joint
  59. ankyl/o
    • stiffness; bent, crooked
    • ankyl/osis - abnormal condition of stiffness

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