Anatomy

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Author:
beanerball16
ID:
106068
Filename:
Anatomy
Updated:
2011-10-04 02:27:57
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Arthrology joints
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Description:
joints
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  1. simple joint
    only 2 skeletal components
  2. composite joint
    3 or more skeletal components
  3. Fiborous joints (Synarthroses)
    • Syndesmoses
    • Sutures
    • -Serrated suture
    • -Squamous suture
    • -Planar suture
    • -Schidylesis
    • Gomphoses/Dentalaveolar joints
  4. Cartilaginious joints
    • hyaline cartilage joints (synchondroses) -physes
    • fibrocartilage joints (symphyses)
  5. Synovial Joints
    • 1. Ball and socket
    • 2. Ellipoid or condylar joint
    • 3.Bicondylar joint
    • 4. Hinge/Ginglymus joint
    • 5. Trochoid/Pivit joint
    • 6. Saddle joint
    • 7. Planar joint
  6. Synostosis
    any joint that becomes bone tissue
  7. Parts of a Synovial Joint
    • articular (joint) capsule
    • articular cavity
    • synovial membrane
    • synovial fluid
    • articular cartilage
    • ligaments, capsular ligaments, intracapsular ligaments, extracapsular ligaments
    • articular discs (STAR)
    • articular menisci (C-Shaped)
  8. Sternoclavicular joint
    • Planar (synovial) joint
    • S in STAR for an articular disc
    • Pectoral Girdle
  9. Acromioclavicular joint
    • Planar (synovial) joint
    • A in STAR for an articular disc
    • Pectoral Girdle
  10. Shoulder/Glenohumeral/humeral Joint
    Spheroidal (synovial) joint
  11. Elbow (Cubital) Joint
    • Humeroulnar joint
    • --ginglymus/hinge joint
    • Humeroradial joint
    • --spheroidal/ball and socket joint
    • Proximal Radioulnar joint
    • --trochoidal/pivit joint
  12. Radioulnar syndesmosis
    • fibrous (synarthroses) joint
    • composed of antebrachial interosseous membrane
  13. Distal Radioulnar joint
    synovial joint
  14. Carpal Joints
    • Radiocarpal joint
    • --R in STAR for an articular disc
    • --Ellipsoid/condylar (synovial) joint
    • Intercarpal joints
    • --planar (synovial) joint
    • -joint of the pisiform bone
    • Middle carpal joint
    • Carpometacarpal joints
    • --(synovial) joint
  15. Intermetacarpal joints
    (synovial) joints
  16. Metacarpophalangeal joints
    condylar/ellipoid (synovial) joint
  17. Interphalangial joints of the head
    • hinge/ginglymus (synovial) joint
    • --Interphalangeal joint of the thumb
    • --Proximal interphalangeal joint
    • --Distal interphalangeal joint
  18. Pubic symphysis
    • fibrocartilaginous (symphysis) joint
    • composed of an interpubic disc
    • part of the pelvic girdle
  19. Sacroiliac joint
    • (synovial) joint
    • part of the pubic girdle
  20. Coxal (hip) joint
    • spheroidal/ball and socket (synovial) joint
    • ligament of the head of the femur joint (intracapsular ligament)
  21. Genual (knee) joint
    • Hinge/Ginglymus (synovial) joint
    • Medial and Lateral Menisci of the knee joint
    • Anterior and Posterior cruciate ligaments fo the knee joint
    • Tibial and Fibular collateral ligaments of the knee joint
    • Patellar ligament of the knee joint
  22. Tibiofibular joint
    Planar (synovial) joint
  23. Tibiofibular syndesmosis
    • fibrous joint
    • composed of crual interosseous membrane
  24. Tarsal joints
    • Talocrural joint
    • --hinge/ginglymus (synovial) joint
    • Intertarsal joints
    • --(synovial) joint
    • --Transverse tarsal joint
    • Tarsometatarsal joints
    • --(synovial) joints
    • Intermetatarsal joints
    • --(synovial) joints
  25. Metatarsophalangeal joints
    hinge/ginglymus (synovial) joint
  26. interphalangeal joints of the foot
    hinge/ginglymus (synovial) joints
  27. Cranial Sutures
    • Frontal suture
    • --Metopic suture (after age 6)
    • Sagittal suture
    • Coronal suture
    • Squamous suture
    • Lambdoid suture
  28. Synchondroses of the head
    5 hyaline cartilage joints
  29. Temporomandibular joint
    • bicondylar and ginglymus joint
    • T in STAR for articular discs
  30. Atlantooccipital joint
    condylar (synovial) joint
  31. Gomphoses
    Dentoalveolar (fiberous) joints
  32. Mandibular symphysis
    Synostosis joint
  33. Atlantoaxial joint
    (synovial) joint
  34. Zygopophyseal joints
    planar (synovial) joints
  35. Intervertbral symphyses
    • fibrocartilaginious joints
    • composed of intervertebral discs
    • -- intervertebral discs are composed of anulus fibrosus of the intervertabral disc (outside) and nucleus pulposus of te intervertebral disc
  36. Lumbosacral joint
    fibrocartilaginous joint
  37. Sacrococcygeal joint
    fibrocartilage/symphysis joint
  38. Joint of the head of the ribs
    (synovial) joints
  39. Costotransvers joints
    planar (synovial) joints
  40. Costochondral joints
    synchondrotic joints
  41. Sternocostal joints
    all are synovial joints except for those articulating with the first ribs that are fibrocartilaginous
  42. Interchondral joints
    (synovial) joints between ribs 7-10
  43. Manubriosternal Symphysis
    fibrocartilaginous joint
  44. Xiphisternal Synchondrosis
    cartilaginous joint
  45. Flexion/Extension
    decrease/increase in size
  46. Abduction/Adduction
    away/towards midline
  47. Rotation
    • Pronation
    • Supination
  48. Inversion/Eversion
    Big toe in/big toe out
  49. Protraction/Retraction
    anteriorly/posteriorly
  50. circumduction
    woop-dee-doo

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