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What is an Evaluation?
It is a collection of the methods, skills, and activities necessary to determine whether a service or program is needed, likely to be used, conducted as planned, and actually helps people.
What are Goals?
- The end points toward which intervention efforts are directed.
- A statement of changes sought in an injury problem, stated in broad terms.
What is the Haddon Matrix?
A framework developed by William Haddon, Jr., MD as a method to generate ideas about injury prevention that address the host, agent, and environment and their impact in the pre-event, and post-event phases of the injury process.
What is an Implementation Plan?
- A strategy for carrying out an intervention.
- Includes goals, objectives, activities, evaluation measures, resource assessment, and time line.
What are Injuries?
Any unintentional or intentional damage to the body resulting from acute exposure to thermal, mechanical, electrical, or chemical energy or from the absence of such essentials as heat or oxygen.
What is an Injury risk?
A potentially hazardous situation that puts poeple in a position in which they could be harmed.
What is Injury Surveillance?
The ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of injury data essential to the planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health practice.
What are Intentional Injuries?
- Injuries that are purposefully inflicted by a person on himself or herself or on another person.
- Examples include suicide or attempted suicide, homicide or attempted homicide, rape, assault, domestic abuse, elder abuse, and child abuse.
What are Interventions?
- They are specific prevention measures or activities designed to meet a program objective.
- Categories include education/behavior change, enforcement/leislation, engineering/technology, and economic incentives.
What is Morbidity?
- It is the # of nonfatally injured or disabled people.
- Usually expressed as a rate, meaning the # of nonfatal injuries in a certain population in a given time period divided by the size of the population.
What is Mortality?
- Deaths caused by injury and disease.
- Usually expressed as rate, meaning the # odf deaths in a certain population in a given time period divided by the size of the population.
What are Objectives?
They are specific, time-limited, and quantifiable statements that summarize an expected result of an intervention.
What are Outcome(Impact) Objectives?
They state the intended effect of the program on participants or on the community in such terms as the participants >knowledge, changed behaviors or attitudes, or <injury rates.
What are Passive Interventions?
- Something that offers automatic protection from injury, often w/out requiring any conscious change of behavior by the individual.
- Child-resistant bottles and airbags are some examples.
What is Primary Injury Prevention?
Keeping an injury from ever occurring.
What are Process Objectives?
They state how a person will be implemented, describing the service to be provided, the nature of the service, and to whom it will be provided.
What are Risk Factors?
- Characteristics of poeple, behaviors, or environments that > the chances of disease or injury.
- Some examples are alcohol use, poverty, or gender.
What is Secondary Injury Prevention?
- Reducing the effects of an injury that has already happened.
- Example, physical therapy.
What are Unintentional Injuries?
- Injuries that occur w/out intent to harm(commonly called accidents).
- Some examples are MVA's, poisonings, drownings, falls, and most burns.
What are the Years of Potential Life Lost?
- It is a way of measuring and comparing the overall impact of deaths resulting from different causes. it is calculated based on a fixed age minus the age @ death.
- Usually the fixed age is 65 or 70 or the life expectancy of the group in question.