Music History Midterm--Vocab

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Music History Midterm--Vocab
2011-10-03 22:38:12

vocabulary to know for midterm
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  1. Basso Continuo/Thouroughbass
    (1) system of notation and performance practice, used in the baroque period, in which an instrumental bass line is written out and one ore more players of kyboard, lute, or similar instruments fill in the harmony and appropriate chords or improvised melodic lines. (2) the bass line itself
  2. Continuo Group
    instruments used to realize a basso continuo, such as harpsichord, organ, lute or theorbo
  3. Monody
    (1) an accompanied solo song. (2) The musical texture of solo singing accompanied by one or more instruments.
  4. Theorbo
    Large lute with extra bass strings, used especially in the seventeenth century for performing basso continuo as accompaniment to singers or instruments
  5. Figured Bass
    a form of basso continuo in which the bass line is upplied with numbers or flat or sharp signs to indicate the appropriate intervals to be played above the bass
  6. Realization
    Performing (or creating a performable edition of) music whose notation is incomplete, as in playing a basso continuo or completing a piece left unfinished by its composer
  7. Concertato
    (from Italian concertare, "to reach agreement") In seventeenth-century music, the combination of voices with one or more instruments, where the instruments do not simply double the voices but play independent parts
  8. Concerted Madrigal
    Early-seventeenth century type of madrigl for one or more voices accompanied by basso continuo and in some cases by other instruments
  9. Solo Madrigal
    In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, a through-composed setting of a nonstrophic poem for solo voice with accompaniment, distinguished from an aria and from a madrigal for several voices
  10. Intermedio
    musical interlude on a pastoral, allegorical, or mythological subject performed before, between, or after the acts of a spoken comedy or strategy
  11. Florentine Camerata
  12. Ornamentation/division/diminution/figuration
    the addition of embellishments to a given melody, either during performance or as part of the act of compostion/ (1) uniform reduction of note calues in a melody or phrase. (2) type of improvised ornamentation in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, in which relatively long notes are replaced with scales or other figures composed of short notes/ melodic pattern made of commonplace materials such as scales or arpeggios, usually not distinctive enough to be considered a motive or theme
  13. Opera
    drama with continuous or nearly continuous music, staged with scenery, costumes and action
  14. Libretto
    literary text for an opera or other musical stage work
  15. Madrigal Comedy
    In the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, a series of madrigals that rpresents a succession of scenes or a simple plot
  16. Recitative
    a passage or section in an opera, oratorio,, cantata, or other vocal work in recitative style--a type of vocal singing that approaches speech and follows the natural rhythms of the text over a rhythmically stagnant bass
  17. Aria
    (1) in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, any section of an Italian strophic poem for a solo singer. (2) lyrical monologue in an opera or other vocal work such as cantata and oratorio
  18. Arioso
    (1) Recitativo arioso. (2) Short, aria-like passage. (3) style of vocal writing that approaches the lyricism of an aria but is freer in form
  19. Ritornello
    (1) In a fourteenth-century madrical, the closing seciton, in a different meter from the preceding verses. (2) In sixteenth and seventeenth-century vocal music, the instrumental introduction or interlude between sung stanzas. (3) in an aria or similar piece, an instrumental passage that recurs several times, like a refrain. Typically, it is played at the beginning, as interludes (often in modified form), and again at the end, and it states the main theme. (4) In a fast movement of a concert, the recurring thematic material played at the beginning by the full orchestra and repeated, usually in varied form, throughout the movement and at the end
  20. Sinfonia
    (1) Generic term used throughout the seventeenth century for an abstract ensemble piece, especially one that serves as an introduction to a vocal work. (2) Italian opera overture in the early eighteenth century. (3) early symphony
  21. Basso ostinato/ground bass
    (Italian "persistent bass") A pattern in the bass that rpeats while the melody above it changes
  22. Descending tetrachord
  23. Cantata
    (1) In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, a vocal chamber work with continuo, usually for solo voice, consisting of several sections or movements that include recitatives and arias and setting a lyrical or quasi-dramatic text. (2) Genre of Lutheran church music in the eighteenth century, combining poetic texts with texts drawn form chorales or the Bible, and including recitatives, arias, chorale settings, and usually one or more choruses. (3) In later ears, a work for soloists, chorus, and orchestra in several movements by smaller than an oratorio
  24. Chacona/ciaccona
    A vivacious dance-song imported from Latin America into Spain and then into Italy, popular during the seventeenth century, usually in triple meter and employing some type of variation technique
  25. Passacaglia
    Baroque genre of variations over a repeated bass line or harmonic progression in triple meter
  26. Cori Spezzati
  27. Oratorio
    Genre of dramatic music that originated in the seventeenth century, combining narrative, dialogue, and commentary through arias, recitatives, ensembles, choruses, and instrumental music, line an unstaged opera. Usually on a religious or biblical subject.
  28. Toccata
    Piece for keyboard instrument or lute resembling an improvisation that may include imitative sections or may serve as a prelude to an independent fugue.
  29. Prelude
    Introductory piece for solo instrument, often in the style of an improvisation, or introductory movement in a multimovement work such as an opera or suite
  30. Fantastia
    (1) Instrumental compositon that resemble an improvisation or lacks a strict form. (2) Imitative instrumental piece on a single subject
  31. Sonata
    (1) A piece to be played on one or more instruments. (2) Baroque instrumental piece with contrasting sections or movements, often with imitative counterpoint. (3) Genre in several movements for one or two solo instruments
  32. Suite
    A set of pieces that are linked together into a single work. Druing the Baroque, a suite usually referred to a set of stylized dance pieces.
  33. Versailles
  34. Court Ballet
    Seventeenth century french genre, an extensive musical-dramatic work with costumes, scenery, poetry, and dance that featured members of the court as well as professional dancers
  35. Music of the Royal Chapel
  36. Music of the Chamber
  37. Music of the Great Stable
  38. Vingt-Quatre Vionons du Roi
  39. Tragedie en musique/ tragedie lyrique
    French seventeenth and eighteenth century form of opera, pioneered by Jean-Bastiste Lully, that combined the french classic drama and ballet traditions with music, dances and spectacles
  40. French Overture
    Type of overture used in tragedie en musique and other genres, that opens with a slow, homophonic, and majestic section, followed by a faster second section that begins with imitation
  41. Recitatif simple and recitatif mesure
  42. Air
  43. Overdotting/notes inegales
  44. Agrements
  45. Da capo aria
  46. Trio Sonata