Card Set Information
What unit of measurement is common to both the English system and to the metric system?
What is the basis for metric units of length?
The mil is a measure of length equalto one one-thousandth of a/an..
What term defines the quantity of matter that a body contains?
A given object will weigh the most under which of the following conditions?
When located at one of the earth’s poles
Dynes and newtons are used in themetric system as units of
The knot is a derived unit that combines the unit of distance with the unit of
Under which of the following conditions may the term velocity be used in place of speed?
Only if the motion of the body is in a straight path in a given direction
All units of power involve which ofthe following measurements?
Force, distance, and time
All matter, regardless of its form,has mass and which of the following characteristics?
It occupies space
Matter exists in three natural states. Of the following lists,which one contains the states of matter?
Solid, liquid, and gas
The reluctance of an object tochange its speed, direction, orposition of rest is known as
What term describes the quantitative measure of inertia?
What name is given to the spacethrough which action-at-a-distance forces are effective?
A vector has which of the following quantities?
Magnitude and direction only
The attractive force exerted on abody by the earth is known as
The weight of a body is determined by calculating the
force on the body exerted by gravity
What mathematical calculation should you use to determine the specific gravity of a substance?
Divide the weight of the substance by the weight of an equal volume of water
Over a given surface under pressure,what is the relationship between force per unit area and pressure?
Force is constant regardless of pressure changes
A mass in motion is stopped. What happens to its kinetic energy?
It is converted to other forms of energy
Which of the following statements describes an ion?
An atom with an overall neutral electrical charge
The mass, and consequently theweight, of an atom is contained almost entirely in the
What is indicated by the atomic number assigned to an element?
The number of protons in its nucleus
By what means can you determine the total number of protons and neutrons in an atom?
By its atomic weight
Valence bonds hold ions together andform them into molecules. This action results from interaction between
What is the result of elements physically combining without undergoing a chemical change?
Molecules are constantly in motionin which of the following substances?
Gases, solids, and liquids
Which of the following metals has the highest property of elasticity?
The accepted theory of gases assumes that gas molecules possess which ofthe following properties?
They exert equal pressure at all points on enclosing surfaces
According to the kinetic theory,which of the following statements iscorrect concerning gases when absolute zero temperature is reached?
It is the temperature at whichall molecular activity stops
Under some conditions, it is possible for the center of gravityto revolve around the center of
In the study of masses in motion,which of the following is a description of the term acceleration?
A change in the body’s speed ordirection of travel
The equations F = ma and a = F÷mgiven in the text are mathematical forms of Newton’s second law of motion. What do they indicate?
The mass of a body is dependent upon the acceleration it is give
An automobile of a given mass traveling 60 MPH has the same momentum as one having twice that mass and traveling at what velocity?
For a body to possess kinetic energy, it must be in which of thefollowing conditions?
Increasing the mechanical advantageof force in a system affects theapplied force by
requiring less total energy to do the same work
Relative to the center of revolution,the direction of (a) centrifugal force and (b) centripetal force is in what direction?
(a) Toward (b) away from
The velocity of a wave depends onwhich of the following factors?
The type of wave and the medium through which it travels
A single disturbance induced into amedium is known as a
Which of the following is an exampleof waves that are both transverse and longitudinal?
The theory of radiation of energytreats radio, radar, and heat wavesas belonging to the same generalform of energy. What is theprinciple difference between thesewaves?
At what temperature does the Fahrenheit and Celsius scales coincide?
40° below zero
What two temperature scales havetheir zero points corresponding to absolute zero?
Kelvin and Rankine
Copper wires are not used forconductors through the glass envelopes of electron tubes for whichof the following reasons?
Copper and glass do not have thesame expansion rate
The total increase in size of an object when heated depends on the amount of temperature change and which of the following factors?
Its coefficient of expansion
For some uses, solid thermometers are more suitable than liquid-filled thermometers for which of thefollowing reasons?
Liquid thermometers have a limited temperature range
The heat required to change a solid into a liquid with no change intemperature is known as the heat of
Of several transparent substances,which one has the largest index of refraction?
The one with the greatest thickness
A simple lens that is thicker in the center than at the edges is known as a
positive or convergent lens
In a given medium, the color of alight wave is determined by which of the following factors?
The frequency only
Of the several factors affecting sound velocity in any medium, whichones have the greatest effect?
Density and elasticity of the medium
What is the minimum change in thesound level that the human ear can detect?
The audio power output from a speaker would double if the sound intensitywere increased by what amount?
What does a vu meter indicate?
The number of decibels above or below the input reference volume level
Sound waves striking a highly reflective surface
A vibrating force applied to an object at the object’s natural vibrating frequency
Two sound waves of slightly different frequency moving in the same direction