HEALTH CHP 5 LSN 2

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MrsB
ID:
106182
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HEALTH CHP 5 LSN 2
Updated:
2011-10-03 22:34:05
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HEALTH CHP LSN
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HEALTH CHP 5 LSN 2
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  1. What are the 6 nutrients found in food that are essential to your overall health and wellness?
    • carbohydrates
    • proteins
    • fats
    • vitamins
    • minerals
    • water
  2. The startches and sugars present in foods.
    carbohydrates
  3. Carbohydrates are classified as either ________ or _________.
    • simple
    • complex
  4. Potatoes, pasta, and bread are rich in what nutrient?
    carbohydrates
  5. Which nutrient is the bodies preferred source of energy?
    carbohydrates
  6. What are sugars (fructose from fruit) (lactose found in milk)?

    simple or complex carbohydrates
    simple
  7. What are starches (found in whole grains, seeds, nuts, legumes {dried peas and beans} and tubers {root vegetables such as potatoes})?

    simple or complex carbohydrates
    complex
  8. Where does excess carbohydrates end up in your body?
    body fat
  9. Your body converts all carbohydrates to ________ (a simple sugar that is the body's main source of energy)
    glucose
  10. An indigestible complex carbohydrate (found in the tough stringy parts of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains).
    fiber
  11. Fruits and vegetables with edible skins and whole-grain products such as bran cereal, oatmeal, and brown rice are excellent sources of what?
    fiber
  12. What nutrient helps with intestinal problems such as constipation?
    fiber
  13. Nutrients that help build and maintain body cells and tissues.
    proteins
  14. Your body can make 11 of the 20 amino acids that make up proteins, where do you get the remaining 9 amino acids and what are they called?
    get them from the foods you eat

    called essential amino acids
  15. Proteins are classified into what two groups?
    • complete and
    • incomplete
  16. Animal products (fish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk, cheese, yogurt, and soybean) are a good source of which protein?

    complete or incomplete
    complete
  17. Beans, peas, nuts, and whole grains are example of which protein?

    complete or incomplete
    incomplete
  18. Which nutrient helps your body build new cells and tissues and replace damaged or worn-out cells?
    proteins
  19. This nutrient is the second way your body is supplied energy?
    protein
  20. A fatty substance that does not dissolve in water.
    lipid
  21. What are fatty acids that the body needs, but cannot produce called?
    essential fatty acids
  22. Fatty acids are classified as either ________ or _________?
    saturated or unsaturated
  23. Fats high in saturated fatty acids are usually _______ at room temperature.
    solid
  24. Fats in beef, pork, egg yolks, and dairy foods are high in _______ fatty acids.

    saturated or unsatruated
    saturated
  25. Most vegetable fats (olive, canola, soybean, corn, and cottonseed oils) are high in ________ fatty acids.

    saturated or unsaturated
    unsaturated
  26. Unsaturated fats are usually ________ at room temperature.
    liquid (oils)
  27. Which fatty acid increases the risk for heart disease?
    saturated fatty acid
  28. Which fatty acid reduces risk of heart disease.
    unsaturated fatty acids
  29. What is a health function of fats?
    • transport vitamins
    • linoieic (growth and healthy skin)
  30. What is a waxy lipidlike substance that circulates in blood?
    cholesterol
  31. Compounds that help regulate many vital body processes, including the digestion, absorption, and metabolism of other nutrients.
    vitamins
  32. Vitamins are classified as either __________ or __________.
    water or fat-soluble
  33. Which vitamins dissolve in water and pass easily into the blood druing digestion.
    water-soluble
  34. Which vitamins do you need to replenish every day because your body doesn't store them.
    water-soluble
  35. Which vitamins are absorbed, stored, and transported in fat.
    fat-soluble
  36. Excess buildup of fat-soluble vitamins can be what?
    toxic (deadly)
  37. Substances that the body cannot manufacture but that are needed for forming healthy bones and teeth and for regulating many vital body processes.
    minerals
  38. What nutrient is vital to every body function? It carries wastes from your cells. It lubricates your joints and mucous membranes.
    water
  39. How much water should you drink each day?
    8 cups
  40. What are the water-soluble vitamins?
    (7 of them)
    C, B-1, B-2, Niacin, B-6, Folic acid, B-12
  41. What are the Fat-soluble vitamins? (4 of them)
    A, D, E, K
  42. What are some important minerals? (4 of them)
    • calcium
    • phosphorous
    • magnesium
    • iron

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