Card Set Information
what are the agents of socialization?
who made the biological throies of socialization?
who made the psychology theories of socialization?
who made the sociology theories of socialization?
war, peace, envy, competition and cooperation are believed to be rooted in our genes
everything explained genetically
studied effect of social isolation on rhesus monkeys. Isolation at young age caused fear and hostility when introduced to others later in life.
if you arent exposed to other human beings will not have the same attributes
biologists argue that we cannot be resocialized
personality is largely submerged in the unconscious
argued conflict is important
dont know whats really driving us to do what we do
revealed that there is more going on in our minda than we think
described the human mind as being in conflict between deep desires and demands placed upon us by society
according to freud what are 3 parts of the brain ? (explain)
dmand immediate gratification
: i want that candy bar not matter what
- part of mind that has internalized society norms
: stealing is wrong in society
: balance ID and superego
: i will have to save money in order to buy the candy bar
according to freud what are the stages of development? (explain)
: dependent, smoker, drinker
: excessively orderly, stubborn, overly generous
failure to progress through each stage will result in personality disorders
explain piaget theory:
children go through stages:
-sensorimotor (sensory contact)
-preoperational (begin to use symbols)
-concrete operational (take role of others)
-formal operational (abstract thought)
explain kohlberg theory:
stages of moral developement:
-preconventional (punishment & obedience)
-conventional (peer influence primary)
post conventional (moral conduct/ human rights)
explain gilligan theory:
critical of kohlberg
moral development is gendered
male more concerned with law and order
female more concerned with social consequences of social relationships
explain cooley theory:
introduced idea of looking slef glass suggesting that te gestures and reaction of others are a mirror or "looking glass" in which we see ourselves
first image of self is recieved from significant others such as parents
structure and content of self are derived from society which is represented by groups and significant others surrounding the individual
explain Mead's theory:
three stages in taking the role of the other:
egocentric stage- inability to take on role of others
imitative stage- imitate others ( children)
play stage- adopt role of siginificant others-play shift from imitative to imaginative
game stage-child gains understanding of social expectations and rules
explain "Me" and "I"
me- objective part of self
percieve ourself from standpoint of others
I- subjective component
active component initiates action
generalized other- how people in general respond in a situation
explain goffman theory:
we are given roles and scripts and we put on a role performance. true selves on backstage
examined how people may be scialized against their will
in total institutions such as prisons where people isolated from society and regulated under one authority
what do psychologists stress?
personality is relatively permanent over the course of the life
what do socioligists tend to concentrate on?
social causes of human behaviour