Bio-12

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Author:
kevinzky12
ID:
106286
Filename:
Bio-12
Updated:
2011-10-04 01:01:35
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Bio 12 basic cell stuff
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Bio-test
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  1. Cell Theory # 1
    All organisms are made up of one or more cells
  2. Cell Theory # 2
    Cells are basic unit of structure and fuction of organism
  3. Cell Theory # 3
    All cells came from other cells
  4. (Basic Type of Cell # 1)

    Prokaryotic - ?
    No true Nucleus (no nuclear envelope) no membrane-bound organelles
  5. (Basic Type of Cell # 2)

    Eukaryotic -?
    has true nucleus, and membrane-bound organelles
  6. (Basic Type of Cell # 4)

    Organelles - ?
    Similar to body organs only smaller and inside the cells
  7. Endosymbiotic theory - ?
    smaller cells inside lived within larger larger cells became organelles

    (explains how eukaryoti cells developed)
  8. (Organelle # 1)

    Nucleus - ?
    Contain chromosome and controls structure and fuction of cell. (DNA/RNA)
  9. (Organelle # 2)

    Nucleolus - ?
    where ribosomes are made

    (ribosomes are necessary for protein synthesis)
  10. (Organelle # 3)

    Nuclear Envelope - ?
    • -double membrane that surrounds the cell.
    • -Tons of Nuclear Pore to allow materials to move in and out of nucleus.
  11. (Organelle # 4)

    Cell membrane - ?
    • -maintains shape of cell.
    • -Protects interior stuff present inside the cell from spilling
  12. (Organelle # 5)

    Mitochondrion - ?
    produce enery in the form of ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE (ATP)
  13. (Organelle # 6)

    Chromosome - ?
    • -carries heredity information of an organism.
    • -made up of densely-packed coiled up chromatin
  14. (Organelle # 7)

    Lysosome - ?
    Contain enzymes capable of breaking down biological polymers, proteins, acids, carbohydrates, lipids.
  15. (Organelle # 8)

    Vacuole - ?
    • -waste products made by cells are accumulated in vacuoles.
    • -transport and storing nutrients, metabolites and waste products.
  16. (organelle # 9)

    Ribosome - ?
    responsible for protein synthesis (RNA is translated to protein)
  17. (Organelle # 10)

    Golgi Apparatus - ?
    processes, repackages, redistributes preoteins and lips.
  18. (Organelle # 11)

    Smooth/Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum - ?
    transports chemicals between and wthin cells.
  19. (Organelle # 12)

    Chloroplasts - ?
    • -Present in Plants.
    • -Uses Sunlight to Produce energy (photosynthesis)
    • -double membrane encloses a fluid-filled space (stroma)
    • -within stroma is a membrane system of interconnected flattened sacs called thylakoids.
  20. (Organelle # 13)

    Thylakoids - ?
    -may be stacked like coins and called ''granum'' or ''grana''

    -increases surface area for chloroplast.
  21. (Organelle #14)

    Mitochondria - ?
    • -Present in all eukaryotic cells (including plants)
    • -uses carbohydrates to produce energy by cellular respiration.
    • -bound by double membrane
    • -filled space is called the matrix
    • -has ribosome and enzymes to break down carbohydrates.
    • -inner membrane is called cristae, which is folded to increase the surface area where ATP production happens.
  22. Water Properties!
    • -Adhesion
    • -Cappilary action
    • -Cohesion
    • -heat sink
    • -surface area
    • -universal solvent

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