Card Set Information
Bio 12 basic cell stuff
Cell Theory # 1
All organisms are made up of one or more cells
Cell Theory # 2
Cells are basic unit of structure and fuction of organism
Cell Theory # 3
All cells came from other cells
(Basic Type of Cell # 1)
Prokaryotic - ?
No true Nucleus (no nuclear envelope) no membrane-bound organelles
(Basic Type of Cell # 2)
has true nucleus, and membrane-bound organelles
(Basic Type of Cell # 4)
Organelles - ?
Similar to body organs only smaller and inside the cells
Endosymbiotic theory - ?
smaller cells inside lived within larger larger cells became organelles
(explains how eukaryoti cells developed)
(Organelle # 1)
Nucleus - ?
Contain chromosome and controls structure and fuction of cell. (DNA/RNA)
(Organelle # 2)
Nucleolus - ?
where ribosomes are made
(ribosomes are necessary for protein synthesis)
(Organelle # 3)
Nuclear Envelope - ?
-double membrane that surrounds the cell.
-Tons of Nuclear Pore to allow materials to move in and out of nucleus.
(Organelle # 4)
Cell membrane - ?
-maintains shape of cell.
-Protects interior stuff present inside the cell from spilling
(Organelle # 5)
Mitochondrion - ?
produce enery in the form of
ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE (ATP)
(Organelle # 6)
Chromosome - ?
-carries heredity information of an organism.
-made up of densely-packed coiled up chromatin
(Organelle # 7)
Lysosome - ?
Contain enzymes capable of breaking down biological polymers, proteins, acids, carbohydrates, lipids.
(Organelle # 8)
Vacuole - ?
-waste products made by cells are accumulated in vacuoles.
-transport and storing nutrients, metabolites and waste products.
(organelle # 9)
Ribosome - ?
responsible for protein synthesis (RNA is translated to protein)
(Organelle # 10)
Golgi Apparatus - ?
processes, repackages, redistributes preoteins and lips.
(Organelle # 11)
Smooth/Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum - ?
transports chemicals between and wthin cells.
(Organelle # 12)
Chloroplasts - ?
-Present in Plants.
-Uses Sunlight to Produce energy (photosynthesis)
-double membrane encloses a fluid-filled space (stroma)
-within stroma is a membrane system of interconnected flattened sacs called thylakoids.
(Organelle # 13)
Thylakoids - ?
-may be stacked like coins and called ''granum'' or ''grana''
-increases surface area for chloroplast.
Mitochondria - ?
-Present in all eukaryotic cells (including plants)
-uses carbohydrates to produce energy by cellular respiration.
-bound by double membrane
-filled space is called the matrix
-has ribosome and enzymes to break down carbohydrates.
-inner membrane is called cristae, which is folded to increase the surface area where ATP production happens.