MT chap9

The flashcards below were created by user joyjohnson on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. acromegaly
    enlargement of the extremities
  2. pancreatolysis
    destruction of the pancreatic tissue due to a pathological condition
  3. adenohypophysis
    anterior lobe of the pituitary gland, composed of glandular tissue
  4. cerebral palsy
    refers to partial paralysis and lack of muscular coordination caused by damage to the cerebrum before or during the birth process
  5. hypercalcemia
    excessive amounts of calcium in blood
  6. insulin
    pancreatic hormone that decreases blood glucose level
  7. neurohypophysis
    poster lobe of pituitary, composed primarily of nerve tissue
  8. pancreatolysis
    disease of the pancreas
  9. polyphagia
    excessive consumption of food
  10. diabetes mellitus
    chronic metabolic disorder marked by hyperglycemia; occurs in 2 primary forms
  11. hyperglycemia
    increase in blood glucose, as in diabetes
  12. pancreatolith
    calculus or stone in the pancreas
  13. polydipsia
    excessive thirst
  14. thyrotoxicosis
    toxic condition due to hyperactivity of the thyroid gland

    exophthalmic goiter
  15. adrenalectomy
    excision of an adrenal gland
  16. adrenaline
    hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla that causes some of the physiological expressions of fear and anxiety; epinephrine
  17. glycogenesis
    production or formation of sugar
  18. meningocele
    protrusion of the membranes of the brain or spinal cord through a defect in the skull or spinal column
  19. neuromalacia
    softening of nerve tissue
  20. pruritus
    severe itching
  21. deglutition
    act of swallowing
  22. vertigo
    illusion of movement
  23. jaundice
    yellowish discoloration of the skin and eyes
  24. metastasis
    spread of a malignant tumor beyond its primary site to a secondary organ or location
  25. hormone
    chemical substance produced by specialized cells of the body and released slowly into the bloodstream
  26. bell palsy
    facial paralysis on one side of the fae bedcause of inflammation of a facial nerve
  27. stroke
    refers to brain tissue damage due to formation of a clot or a ruptured blood vessel
  28. epilepsy
    CNS disorder characterized by reecurrent seizures
  29. exophtholmos
    abnormal protrusion of eyeball, possibly due to thyrotoxicosis
  30. graves disease
    hyperthyroidism, also call toxic goiter, which is characterized by exophthalmos
  31. insulinoma
    tumor of pancreas
  32. myxedema
    advanced hypothyroidism in adults, resulting from hypofunction of the thyroid gland, causing edema and increasing blood pressure
  33. pheochromocytoma
    small chromaffin cell tumor, usually located in the adrenal medulla
  34. parkinson disease
    progressive degenerative neurological disorder that causes hand tremors
  35. poliomyelitis
    inflammation of the gray matter caused by a virus, commonly resulting in spinal and muscle deformity and paralysis
  36. sciatica
    severe pain in the leg along the course of the sciatic nerve
  37. spina bifida
    congenital defect characterized by incomplete closure of the spinal canal through which the spinal cord and meninges may or may not protrude
  38. hydrocephalus
    cranial enlargement caused by accumulation of fluid within the ventricles of the brain
  39. neuroblastoma
    malignant tumor composed principally of cells resembling neuroblasts; occurs cheifly in infants and children
  40. alzheimer disease
    brain diusorder marked sby deterioration of mental capacity(dementia) beginning in middle age, and leading to total disability and death
  41. MRI
    radiographic technique that uses electromagnetic energy to produce cross-sectional, frontal, and sagittal plane views of the brain
  42. type I diabetes
    chronic disease due to insufficient production of insulin or the body's inability to utilize insulin properly
  43. pituitarism
    disorder of the pituitary gland and its function
  44. shingles
    eruption of acute, inflammatory, herpetic vesicles on the trunk of the body along a peripheral nerve
  45. panhypopituitarism
    total pituitary impairment that brings about progressive and general loss of hormonal activity
  46. huntington chorea
    hereditary nerve disorder caused by progressive loss of brain cells that leads to bizarre, involuntary, dancelike movements
  47. lumbar puncture
    withdrawal of spinal fluid for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes
  48. CT
    radiographic technique that uses a norrow beam of x-rays that rotates in a full arc around the patient to acquire multiple views of the body that a computer interprets to produce cross-sectional images of that body part
  49. thalamotomy
    partial destruction of the thalamus to treat psychosis or intractable pain
  50. PET
    produces cross-sectional image of radioactivity in a section of the body to reveal areas where the radiopharmaceutical is being metabolized and where there is a deficiency in metabolism
Card Set
MT chap9
MT chap9
Show Answers