Chemistry Terms

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Author:
scari
ID:
106384
Filename:
Chemistry Terms
Updated:
2011-10-04 13:30:57
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Chem
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Description:
Element names, ion names, etc.
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  1. Li
    Lithium
  2. Be
    Beryllium
  3. Na
    Sodium
  4. Sc
    Scandium
  5. Ti
    Titanium
  6. V
    Vanadium
  7. Cr
    Cromium
  8. Mn
    Manganese
  9. Fe
    Iron
  10. Co
    Cobalt
  11. Ni
    Nickel
  12. Cu
    Copper
  13. Zn
    Zinc
  14. Ga
    Gallium
  15. Ge
    Germainium
  16. As
    Arsenic
  17. Se
    Selenium
  18. Br
    Bromine
  19. Kr
    Krypton
  20. Ag
    Silver
  21. Pd
    Palladium
  22. Cd
    Cadmium
  23. Au
    Gold
  24. Hg
    Mercury
  25. Pb
    Lead
  26. Naming Hydrates
    • M-X*H2O
    • name the dry compound
  27. Hydrides
    • M-H
    • H anion with something else
  28. Peroxides
    • M-O2
    • (O2)^2- anion with something esle
    • name as ionic
  29. Bases
    • M-OH
    • hydroxy anion with something else
    • name as ionic
  30. Ionic
    • M-X
    • combine names of ions
    • Cation first
    • NOT di tri etc.
  31. Covalent
    • M-M or X-X
    • name first element
    • name second as if it were anion (-ide)
    • prefix to indicate ratio
  32. Acids with oxygen
    • H-XO
    • anion name ending in -ic (ate) or -ous (-ite)
    • acid
  33. Acids without oxygen
    • H-X name as ionic
    • or if in water H-X(aq)
    • hydro+element name ending in -ic, acid
  34. H+
    Hydrogen
  35. H-
    Hydride
  36. CO3 2-
    Carbonate
  37. HCO3 -
    Hydrogen carbonate
  38. C2O42-
    Oxalate
  39. CH3COO- or C2H3O2-
    Acetate
  40. CN-
    Cyanide
  41. N3-
    Nitride
  42. NH4+
    Ammonium
  43. NO2-
    Nitrite
  44. NO3-
    Nitrate
  45. O2-
    Oxide
  46. O22-
    Peroxide
  47. OH-
    Hydroxide
  48. F-
    Flouride
  49. Cl-
    Chloride
  50. ClO-
    Hypochlorite
  51. ClO2-
    Chlorite
  52. ClO3-
    Chlorate
  53. ClO4-
    Perchlorate
  54. What elements are analogous to Cl?
    Br, I, and At are analogous to what other element?
  55. S2-
    Sulfide
  56. SO3-
    Sulfite
  57. HSO3-
    Hydrogen sulfite
  58. SO42-
    Sulfate
  59. HSO4-
    Hydrogen sulfate
  60. S2O32-
    Thiosulfate
  61. SCN-
    Thiocyanate
  62. What elements are analogous to S?
    Se, Te are analogous to what other element?
  63. P3-
    Phosphide
  64. PO33-
    Phosphite
  65. HPO32-
    Hydrogen phosphite
  66. H2PO3-
    Dihydrogen phosphite
  67. PO43-
    Phosphate
  68. HPO42-
    Hydrogen phosphate
  69. H2PO4-
    Dihydrogen phosphate
  70. Which element(s) is analogous to P?
    As is analogous to what other element?
  71. Cr3+
    Chromium (III)
  72. Cr6+
    Chromium (VI)
  73. CrO32-
    Chromite
  74. CrO42-
    Chromate
  75. Cr2O72-
    Dichromate
  76. Which element(s) are analogous to Cr?
    Mo and W are analogous to which other element?
  77. MnO42-
    Manganate
  78. MnO4-
    Permanganate
  79. All representitive metals form only one ion, how are these named?
    The representitive metals are named as the element, why is this?
  80. Transition metals can form many positive ions, how are these named?
    Roman numerals are used to indicate what when naming transition metals?

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