What are the ethical problems facing healthcare today?
Divergent values- America is a land of diversified backgrounds and cultures that can be a source of conflict
Incompatible perceptions- every individual has a unique set of values and perceptions
Poor communication- not only is language differences a barrier, often the patient has no idea what will be happening to them
Healthcare is a science practiced with some uncertainty- not all treatments are successful
What are the essential characteristics of a health care professional (HCP)?
speech and language
required work skills
Name the 4 steps in ethical analysis:
identify the problem
develop a list of alternative solutions
select the best solution
defend your selection
A professional knows 3 things:
what to do
how to do it
why it is done a certain way
What is the national X-ray Equipment Safety department called and where is it located?
BRH- Bureau of Radiological Health
department within HEW located in Rockville, Maryland
Members claim maximal competence and/or knowledge in a speciafic area. This competency is achieved through specialized education often along with an apprenticeship or clinical training- "practice what you learn"
Define professional ethics. In article, "Ethics"
Rules of conduct or standards of a profession based upon human values and moral principles
What defines professional ethics for Rad Techs? In article, "Ethics"
Code of Ethics- includes ARRT Rules of Ethics
Scopes of Practice
Standard of Care
The process by which an agency or organization evaluates and recognizes an institution or program of study as metting certain predetermined criteria or standards. OCC Rad Tech program is accredited by the JRCERT and California RHB
What are the 4 Ethics for the Radiologic Technologists?
ARRT Standards of Ethics:
a. Code of Ethics- aspirational
b. Rules of Ethics- mandatory and enforceable
Practice Standards- what we do and how well we do it
School of Allied Health Professions Code of Ethics
Student Code of Conduct
The specific act/action itself is to be considered when judging whehter it is right or wrong
The conduct, aims, or qualities that characterize a profession
What are morals?
Generally accepted customs of right living and conduct
What is ethics?
Science of rights and wrongs of human conduct based upon self-discipline. Not a set of laws
What is an ethical dilemma?
Situation requiring a moral judgement followed by a specific course of action between two or more equally possible alternatives. "what is the right thing to do"
What are laws?
Regulations established by a government applicable within a certain political subdivision
What is professional etiquette?
Manners and attitudes shown toward patients generally accepted by practitioners in the field
What is consequentialism?
Underlying reasons are considered when judging an action right or wrong
What is registration
This is the annual procedure required by ARRT to maintain initial certification. Must meet ARRT requirements:
1. agree and comply with the ARRT Rules and Regulations
2. maintain Standard of Ethics
3. meet the continuing education requirements of 24 hours in a 2 year cycle
What is social value?
Offers a service which is of some significant social value. The HCP has a strong tradition of social value. The HCP is expected to :
1. derive self satisfaction from simply providing the service
2. usually does not consider money earned as the primary source of self satisfaction
What is the state X-ray Equipment Safety department called and where is it located?
RHB- Radiologic Health Branch
Located in Sacramento
What is the national professional organization called and what does it do?
ASRT- American Society of Radiologic Technologists
1. represents the professional interest of its members
2. helps to set and maintain professional standards in Radiologic Technology
What is the state professional organization called and what does it do?
CSRT- California Society of Radiologic Technologists
Offers a student 1 year free membership after passing the state CRT exam if the student currently holds student membership in CSRT
1. represents the professional interest of its members2. helps to set and maintain professional standards in Radiologic Technology
What is certification and what department is involved? Is it national or state? Governmental or nongovernamental?
Certification is a process by which a nongovernmental agency or association grants recognitions to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications specified by that agency or association.
Give the registry exam
ARRT- American registry of Radiologic Technologists
It's the initials at the end of your name R, RT, M, CIT, CT, MRI
What is licensing/licensure and what department is involved? Is it national or state? Governmental or nongovernamental?
Licensing/licensure is the process by which a government agency permission to persons to engage in a given profession or occupation by certifying that those licensed have attained the minimal degree of competency necessary to ensure that the public health, safety, and welfare will be reasonably well protected.
RHB- Radiologic health Branch in Sacramento
Exams: limited permit, CRT
What is the local X-ray Equipment Safety department called and where is it located?
Environmental Health Agency
Santa Ana, Orange County
What is the state Radiologic Technology Education department called and where is it located?
RHB- Radiologic Health Branch
OCC is a full state approved program
What is the national Radiologic Technology Education department called and where is it located?
JRCERT- Joint Review Committee on Education for Radiologic Technology
OCC is a fully accredited program
What is autonomy?
The right to control or regulate a profession. Includes:
a. setting standards for competency
b. enforcing those standards via rules and regulations
c. ensuring that competency is achieved by mandatory minimum standards of trianing
d. verification of said competency via certification and specialized testing