Chpt 3 Determination of Heirship Chpt 36 Completed

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Chpt 3 Determination of Heirship Chpt 36 Completed
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2011-10-04 19:35:37
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Heirship Determination
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Chpt 36 Of Manual Completed
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  1. Sec. 48. PROCEEDINGS TO DECLARE HEIRSHIP. WHEN AND WHERE INSTITUTED.

    (a) When a person dies intestate owning or entitled to real or personal property in Texas, and there shall have been no administration in this State upon his estate; or when there has been a will probated in this State or elsewhere, or an administration in this State upon the estate of such decedent, and any real or personal property in this State has been omitted from such will or from such administration, or no final disposition thereof has been made in such administration, the court of the county in which such proceedings were last pending, or in the event no will of such decedent has been admitted to probate in this State, and no administration has been granted in this State upon the estate of such decedent, then the court of the county in which venue would be proper for commencement of an administration of the decedent's estate under Section 6 of this code, may determine and declare in the manner hereinafter provided who are the heirs and only heirs of such decedent, and their respective shares and interests, under the laws of this State, in the estate of such decedent, and proceedings therefor shall be known as proceedings to declare heirship.
  2. Sec. 48. PROCEEDINGS TO DECLARE HEIRSHIP. WHEN AND WHERE INSTITUTED

    (b) If an application for determination of heirship is filed within four (4) years from the date of the death of the decedent, the applicant may request that the court determine whether a necessity for administration exists. The court shall hear evidence upon the issue and make a determination thereof in its judgment.
  3. Sec. 49. WHO MAY INSTITUTE PROCEEDINGS TO DECLARE HEIRSHIP.
    (a) Such proceedings may be instituted and maintained in any of the instances enumerated above by the qualified personal representative of the estate of such decedent, by any person or persons claiming to be a secured creditor or the owner of the whole or a part of the estate of such decedent, or by the guardian of the estate of a ward, if the proceedings are instituted and maintained in the probate court in which the proceedings for the guardianship of the estate were pending at the time of the death of the ward. In such a case an application shall be filed in a proper court stating the following information:

    (1) the name of the decedent and the time and place of death;
    (2) the names and residences of the decedent's heirs, the relationship of each heir to the decedent, and the true interest of the applicant and each of the heirs in the estate of the decedent;
    (3) all the material facts and circumstances within the knowledge and information of the applicant that might reasonably tend to show the time or place of death or the names or residences of all heirs, if the time or place of death or the names or residences of all the heirs are not definitely known to the applicant;
    (4) a statement that all children born to or adopted by the decedent have been listed;
  4. Sec. 49. WHO MAY INSTITUTE PROCEEDINGS TO DECLARE HEIRSHIP.
    (a) Such proceedings may be instituted and maintained in any of the instances enumerated above by the qualified personal representative of the estate of such decedent, by any person or persons claiming to be a secured creditor or the owner of the whole or a part of the estate of such decedent, or by the guardian of the estate of a ward, if the proceedings are instituted and maintained in the probate court in which the proceedings for the guardianship of the estate were pending at the time of the death of the ward. In such a case an application shall be filed in a proper court stating the following information:

    (5) a statement that each marriage of the decedent has been listed with the date of the marriage, the name of the spouse, and if the marriage was terminated, the date and place of termination, and other facts to show whether a spouse has had an interest in the property of the decedent;
    (6) whether the decedent died testate and if so, what disposition has been made of the will;
    (7) a general description of all the real and personal property belonging to the estate of the decedent; and
    (8) an explanation for the omission of any of the foregoing information that is omitted from the application.
  5. Sec. 49. WHO MAY INSTITUTE PROCEEDINGS TO DECLARE HEIRSHIP

    (b) Such application shall be supported by the affidavit of each applicant to the effect that, insofar as is known to such applicant, all the allegations of such application are true in substance and in fact and that no such material fact or circumstance has, within the affiant's knowledge, been omitted from such application. The unknown heirs of such decedent, all persons who are named in the application as heirs of such decedent, and all persons who are, at the date of the filing of the application, shown by the deed records of the county in which any of the real property described in such application is situated to own any share or interest in any such real property, shall be made parties in such proceeding.
  6. Sec. 50. NOTICE.

    (a) Citation shall be served by registered or certified mail upon all distributees 12 years of age or older whose names and addresses are known, or whose names and addresses can be learned through the exercise of reasonable diligence, provided that the court may in its discretion require that service of citation shall be made by personal service upon some or all of those named as distributees in the application. Citation shall be served as provided by this subsection on the parent, managing conservator, or guardian of a distributee who is younger than 12 years of age, if the name and address of the parent, managing conservator, or guardian is known or can be reasonably ascertained.
  7. Sec. 50. NOTICE

    (b) If the address of a person or entity on whom citation is required to be served cannot be ascertained, citation shall be served on the person or entity by publication in the county in which the proceedings are commenced, and if the decedent resided in another county, then a citation shall also be published in the county of the decedent's last residence. To determine whether there are any other heirs, citation shall also be served on unknown heirs by publication in the manner provided by this subsection.
  8. Sec. 50. NOTICE

    (c) Except in proceedings in which there is service of citation by publication as provided by Subsection (b) of this section, citation shall also be posted in the county in which the proceedings are commenced and in the county of the decedent's last residence.
  9. Sec. 50. NOTICE

    d) A party to the proceedings who has executed the application need not be served by any method.
  10. Sec. 50. NOTICE

    (e) A parent, managing conservator, guardian, attorney ad litem, or guardian ad litem of a distributee who is at least 12 years of age but younger than 19 years of age may not waive citation required to be served on the distributee under this section.
  11. Sec. 52. RECORDED INSTRUMENTS AS PRIMA FACIE EVIDENCE.

    (a) A statement of facts concerning the family history, genealogy, marital status, or the identity of the heirs of a decedent shall be received in a proceeding to declare heirship, or in a suit involving title to real or personal property, as prima facie evidence of the facts therein stated, if the statement is contained in either an affidavit or any other instrument legally executed and acknowledged or sworn to before, and certified by, an officer authorized to take acknowledgments or oaths as applicable, or any judgment of a court of record, and if the affidavit or instrument has been of record for five years or more in the deed records of any county in this state in which such real or personal property is located at the time the suit is instituted, or in the deed records of any county of this state in which the decedent had his domicile or fixed place of residence at the time of his death. If there is any error in the statement of facts in such recorded affidavit or instrument, the true facts may be proved by anyone interested in the proceeding in which said affidavit or instrument is offered in evidence.
  12. Sec. 52. RECORDED INSTRUMENTS AS PRIMA FACIE EVIDENCE

    (b) An affidavit of facts concerning the identity of heirs of a decedent as to an interest in real property that is filed in a proceeding or suit described by Subsection (a) of this section may be in the form described by Section 52A of this code.
  13. Sec. 52. RECORDED INSTRUMENTS AS PRIMA FACIE EVIDENCE

    (c) An affidavit of facts concerning the identity of heirs of a decedent does not affect the rights of an omitted heir or a creditor of the decedent as otherwise provided by law. This statute shall be cumulative of all other statutes on the same subject, and shall not be construed as abrogating any right to present evidence or to rely on an affidavit of facts conferred by any other statute or rule of law.
  14. For Sec. 52A Please make a screenshot-it is way to big
  15. Sec. 53A. ORDER FOR GENETIC TESTING AUTHORIZED.

    (a) In a proceeding to declare heirship under this chapter, the court may, on the court's own motion, and shall, on the request of a party to the proceeding, order one or more specified individuals to submit to genetic testing as provided for in Subchapter F, Chapter 160, Family Code. If two or more individuals are ordered to be tested, the court may order that the testing of those individuals be done concurrently or sequentially. The court may enforce an order under this subsection by contempt.
  16. Sec. 53A. ORDER FOR GENETIC TESTING AUTHORIZED

    (b) Subject to any assessment of costs following the proceeding in accordance with Rule 131, Texas Rules of Civil Procedure, the cost of genetic testing ordered under Subsection (a) of this section must be advanced:

    (1) by a party to the proceeding who requests the testing;
    (2) as agreed by the parties and approved by the court; or
    (3) as ordered by the court.
  17. Sec. 53A. ORDER FOR GENETIC TESTING AUTHORIZED

    (c) Subject to Subsection (d) of this section, the court shall order genetic testing subsequent to the testing conducted under Subsection (a) of this section if:

    (1) a party to the proceeding contests the results of the genetic testing ordered under Subsection (a) of this section; and
    (2) the party contesting the results requests that additional testing be conducted.
  18. Sec. 53A. ORDER FOR GENETIC TESTING AUTHORIZED

    (d) If the results of the genetic testing ordered under Subsection (a) of this section identify a tested individual as an heir of the decedent, the court may order additional genetic testing in accordance with Subsection (c) of this section only if the party contesting those results pays for the additional testing in advance.
  19. Sec. 53A. ORDER FOR GENETIC TESTING AUTHORIZED

    (e) If a sample of an individual's genetic material that could identify another individual as the decedent's heir is not available for purposes of conducting genetic testing under this section, the court, on a finding of good cause and that the need for genetic testing outweighs the legitimate interests of the individual to be tested, may order any of the following other individuals to submit a sample of genetic material for the testing under circumstances the court considers just:

    (1) a parent, sibling, or child of the individual whose genetic material is not available; or
    (2) any other relative of that individual, as necessary to conduct the testing.
  20. Sec. 53A. ORDER FOR GENETIC TESTING AUTHORIZED

    (f) On good cause shown, the court may order:

    (1) genetic testing of a deceased individual under this section; and
    (2) if necessary, removal of the remains of the deceased individual as provided by Section 711.004, Health and Safety Code, for that testing.
  21. Sec. 53A. ORDER FOR GENETIC TESTING AUTHORIZED

    (g) An individual commits an offense if the individual intentionally releases an identifiable sample of the genetic material of another individual that was provided for purposes of genetic testing ordered under this section, the release is for a purpose not related to the proceeding to declare heirship, and the release was not ordered by the court or done in accordance with written permission obtained from the individual who provided the sample. An offense under this subsection is a Class A misdemeanor.
  22. Sec. 53B. RESULTS OF GENETIC TESTING; ADMISSIBILITY.

    (a) A report of the results of genetic testing ordered under Section 53A of this chapter:

    (1) must comply with the requirements for a report prescribed by Section 160.504, Family Code; and
    (2) is admissible in a proceeding to declare heirship under this chapter as evidence of the truth of the facts asserted in the report.
  23. Sec. 53B. RESULTS OF GENETIC TESTING; ADMISSIBILITY

    (b) The presumption under Section 160.505, Family Code, applies to the results of genetic testing ordered under this section, and the presumption may be rebutted as provided by that section.
  24. Sec. 53B. RESULTS OF GENETIC TESTING; ADMISSIBILITY

    (c) A party to the proceeding who contests the results of genetic testing may call one or more genetic testing experts to testify in person or by telephone, videoconference, deposition, or another method approved by the court. Unless otherwise ordered by the court, the party offering the testimony bears the expense for the expert testifying.
  25. Sec. 53C. USE OF GENETIC TESTING RESULTS IN CERTAIN PROCEEDINGS TO DECLARE HEIRSHIP.

    (a) This section applies in a proceeding to declare heirship of a decedent only with respect to an individual who:

    (1) petitions the court for a determination of right of inheritance as authorized by Section 42(b) of this code; and
    (2) claims to be a biological child of the decedent, but with respect to whom a parent-child relationship with the decedent was not established as provided by Section 160.201, Family Code, or who claims inheritance through a biological child of the decedent, if a parent-child relationship between the individual through whom the inheritance is claimed and the decedent was not established as provided by Section 160.201, Family Code.
  26. Sec. 53C. USE OF GENETIC TESTING RESULTS IN CERTAIN PROCEEDINGS TO DECLARE HEIRSHIP.

    (b) Unless the results of genetic testing of another individual who is an heir of the decedent are admitted as rebuttal evidence, the court shall find that the individual described by Subsection (a) of this section is an heir of the decedent if the results of genetic testing ordered under Section 53A of this chapter identify a tested individual who is an heir of the decedent as the ancestor of the individual described by Subsection (a) of this section.
  27. Sec. 53C. USE OF GENETIC TESTING RESULTS IN CERTAIN PROCEEDINGS TO DECLARE HEIRSHIP.

    (c) Unless the results of genetic testing of another individual who is an heir of the decedent are admitted as rebuttal evidence, the court shall find that the individual described by Subsection (a) of this section is not an heir of the decedent if the results of genetic testing ordered under Section 53A of this chapter exclude a tested individual who is an heir of the decedent as the ancestor of the individual described by Subsection (a) of this section.
  28. Sec. 53C. USE OF GENETIC TESTING RESULTS IN CERTAIN PROCEEDINGS TO DECLARE HEIRSHIP

    (d) If the results of genetic testing ordered under Section 53A of this chapter do not identify or exclude a tested individual as the ancestor of the individual described by Subsection (a) of this section:

    (1) the court may not dismiss the proceeding to declare heirship; and
    (2) the results of the genetic testing and other relevant evidence are admissible in the proceeding.
  29. Sec. 53D. ADDITIONAL ORDERS AUTHORIZED.

    On the request of an individual determined by the results of genetic testing to be the heir of a decedent and for good cause shown, the court may:

    (1) order the name of the individual to be changed; and(2) if the court orders a name change under Subdivision (1) of this section, order the bureau of vital statistics to issue an amended birth record for the individual.
  30. Sec. 53E. PROCEEDINGS AND RECORDS PUBLIC.

    A proceeding under this chapter involving genetic testing is open to the public as in other civil cases, and papers and records in the proceeding are available for public inspection.
  31. Sec. 54. JUDGMENT.

    The judgment of the court in a proceeding to declare heirship shall declare the names and places of residence of the heirs of the decedent, and their respective shares and interests in the real and personal property of such decedent. If the proof is in any respect deficient, the judgment shall so state.
  32. Sec. 55. EFFECT OF JUDGMENT.

    (a) Such judgment shall be a final judgment, and may be appealed or reviewed within the same time limits and in the same manner as may other judgments in probate matters at the instance of any interested person. If any person who is an heir of the decedent is not served with citation by registered or certified mail, or by personal service, he may at any time within four years from the date of such judgment have the same corrected by bill of review, or upon proof of actual fraud, after the passage of any length of time, and may recover from the heirs named in the judgment, and those claiming under them who are not bona fide purchasers for value, his just share of the property or its value.
  33. Sec. 55. EFFECT OF JUDGMENT

    (b) Although such judgment may later be modified, set aside, or nullified, it shall nevertheless be conclusive in any suit between any heir omitted from the judgment and a bona fide purchaser for value who has purchased real or personal property after entry of the judgment without actual notice of the claim of the omitted heir. Similarly, any person who has delivered funds or property of the decedent to the persons declared to be heirs in the judgment, or has engaged in any other transaction with them, in good faith, after entry of such judgment, shall not be liable therefor to any person.
  34. Sec. 55. EFFECT OF JUDGMENT

    (c) If the court states in its judgment that there is no necessity for administration on the estate, such recital shall constitute authorization to all persons owing any money to the estate of the decedent, or having custody of any property of such estate, or acting as registrar or transfer agent of any evidence of interest, indebtedness, property, or right belonging to the estate, and to persons purchasing from or otherwise dealing with the heirs as determined in the judgment, to pay, deliver, or transfer such property or evidence of property rights to such heirs, or to purchase property from such heirs, without liability to any creditor of the estate or other person. Such heirs shall be entitled to enforce their right to payment, delivery, or transfer by suit. Nothing in this chapter shall affect the rights or remedies of the creditors of the decedent except as provided in this subsection.

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