Anthropology

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susanbd21
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106542
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Anthropology
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2011-10-04 22:56:22
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Anthropology 101 MC
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Midterms
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  1. List the five subfields of anthropology.
    Archaeology, Biological, Cultural, Linguistics,
  2. The socially learned knowledge and patterns of behavior shared by some group of people.
    Culture
  3. Characteristics of Culture
    Learned, Shared, Integrated, Dynamic
  4. Information skills, attitudes, conceptions, beliefs, values, learned during enculturation.
    Components of Cultural Knowledge
  5. Refraining from judging another culture by the standards of one's own culture. Realizing we are all similar, because of our differences.
    Cultural relativism.
  6. The attitude or opinion that the morals, values, and custom's of one's own culture are superior to all others.
    Ethnocentrism
  7. Cultural differences characteristic of members of varios ethnic groups, regions, religions, and soforth within a single society or country.
    Subculture
  8. The cultural tradition a group of people recognize as thier own: the shared customs and beliefs that define how a group sees itself as distinctive.
    Cultural Identity
  9. The transmition (by means of social learning) of cultural knowledge to the next generation.
    Enculturation
  10. Elements of culture that exist in all known human groups or society.
    Cultural universals
  11. The transmission, speading or borrowing of cultural components from one culture to another culture. i.e. technology.
    Diffusion
  12. The process of integrating the world's peoples economically, and socially.
    Globalization
  13. A specialization that focuses on production, distribution, and consumption in small-sclae and industrial societies.
    Economic Anthropology
  14. A conceptual idea used to place individuals and populations into categories based on broad biological and/or behavior traits. No factual basis.
    Race
  15. A group of people who take thier identity from a common place of origin, history, and sense of belonging.
    Ethnicity
  16. Occurs when an ethnic group is part of a larger collection of ethnic groups, which togeather, constitute a higher level of ethnic identity. Russian doll.
    Hierarchical nesting
  17. The collective history of an ethnic group that defines which subgroups are part of it and its relationship to the ethnic groups.
    Origin myth
  18. Any overt characterisitics that can be used to indicate ethnic group membership. Language, history...
    Ethnic boundary markers
  19. The creation of a new enthic group
    Ethnogenesis
  20. When people have more than one home, i.e. they live part of the year in one country and part of the year in another.
    Transnationalism
  21. Pigmentation of the skin protecting against UV radiation.
    Melanin
  22. Short wavelength radiation responsible for increasing melanin production.
    UVR
  23. The feeling of uncertainty and anxiety an individual experiences when placed in a strange cultural setting.
    Culture Shock
  24. Walking in the shoes of the culture being studied while maintaining ethical standards.
    Participant observation
  25. The working relationship between the researcher and the members of the community he or she is studying.
    Rapport
  26. Anthropologist in Samoa and New Guinea, public face of Anthropology, Major Women's Rights Activist. Helped redefine Anthropology.
    Margaret Mead.
  27. British functionalist, emphasized individuals needs. First to do Fieldwork: Trobriand Islands, Pacific. Participant observation advocate. Thought up cultural relativity.
    Bronislaw Malinowski
  28. Insiders perspective on a cultural group
    Emic
  29. Anthropologists observed perspective on a cultural group.
    Etic
  30. Cultural anthropology specialty studying how language relates to culture and the social uses of speech.
    sociolinguistics
  31. The linking verb which helped researchers trace the history of ebonics
    copula
  32. When a bilingual uses both languages interchangably.
    codeswitching
  33. The idea that language creates culture.
    Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

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