MED 106 Final

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MED 106 Final
2011-10-05 03:09:57
Med 106 Final

Med 106 Final
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  1. Apnea
    Absense or cessation of breathing
  2. Arrhythmia
    Irregular heart beat
  3. Bounding
    Describes a pulse that feels full because of increased power of cardiac contractions or as a result of increased blood volume.
  4. Bradycardia
    A slow heartbeat; a pulse below 60 beats per minute
  5. Bradypnea
    Respirations that are regular in rhythm but slower than normal in rate
  6. Cerumen
    A waxy secretion in the ear canal; commonly called ear wax.
  7. Chronic Obstructive pilmonary disease
    A progressive and irreversible lung condition that results in diminished lung capacity
  8. Diurnal Rhythm
    Patterns of activity or behavior that follow day-night cycles.
  9. Dyspnea
    Difficult or painful breathing
  10. Essential Hypertension
    Elevated blood pressure of unknown cause that develops for no apparent reason; sometimes called primary hypertension
  11. Febrile
    Pertaining to an elevated body temperature
  12. Homeostasis
    Internal adaptation and change in response to environmental factors.
  13. Hyperpnea
    Increase in the depth of breathing
  14. Hypertension
    High blood pressure (sytolic pressure consistently above140mm Hg and diastolic pressure above 90mm Hg).
  15. Hyperventilation
    Abnormally prolonged and deep breathing usually associated with acute anxiety or emotional
  16. Hypotension
    Blood pressure that is below normal (systolic pressure below 90mm Hg and diastolic pressure below 50mm Hg)
  17. Intermittent pulse
    Pulse in which beats are occasionally skipped
  18. Orthopnea
    Condition in which an individual must sit or stand to breathe comfortably
  19. Orthostatic (postural) hypotension
    Temporary fall in blood pressure when a person rapidly changes from a recumbent postition to a standing position
  20. Otitis externa
    Inflammation or infection of the external auditory canal.
  21. Peripheral
    Pertaining to an area that is outside or away from an organ or structure
  22. Pulse deficit
    Condition in which the radial pulse is less than the apical pulse; may indicate peripheral vascular abnormality
  23. Pulse pressure
    Difference between the systolic and the diastolic blood pressures (30 to 50 mm Hg is considered normal).
  24. Rales
    Abnormal or crackling breath sounds during inspiration.
  25. Rhonchi
    Abnormal rumbling sounds on expiration that indicate airway obstruction by think secretions or spasms
  26. Secondary Hypertension
    Elevated blood pressure resulting from another condition.
  27. Sinus arrhythmia
    Irregular heartbeat originating in the sinoatrial node (pacemaker)
  28. Spirometer
    Instrument that measures the volume of inhaled and exhaled air
  29. Stertorous
    Describes a strenuous respiratory effort that has a snoring sound.
  30. Syncope
    Fainting; a brief lapse in consciousness
  31. Tachycardia
    Rapid but regular heart rate exceeding 100 beats per minute.
  32. Tachypnea
    Respirations that are rapid and shallow; hyperventilation.
  33. Thready
    Describes a pulse that is scarcely perceptible.
  34. Vertigo
  35. Biophysical
    Pertaining to the science dealing with the application of physical methods and theories to biological problems
  36. Chief complaint
    The reason for the patient's seeking medical care
  37. Cognitive
    Pertaining to the operation of the mind; referring to the process by which we become aware of percieving, thinking, and remembering
  38. Diagnosis
    Concise technical description of the cause, nature, or manifestation of a condition or problem.
  39. Working Diagnosis
    Physician's temporary or initial impression
  40. Differential Diagnosis
    Comparison of two or more diseases with similar signs and symptoms
  41. Familial
    Occuring in or affecting members of a family more than would be expected by chance.
  42. Present illness
    The chief complaint, written in chronological sequence, with dates of onset.
  43. Psychosocial
    Pertaining to a combination of psychologic and social factors
  44. Rapport
    Relationship of harmony and accord between the patient and the health care professional.
  45. Bruit
    Abnormal sound or murmur heard on auscultation of an organ, vessel , or gland.
  46. Clubbing
    An abnormal enlargement of the fingertips; usually seen with advanced heart and lung disease.
  47. Colonoscopy
    Examination of the large intestine with a fiberoptic scope.
  48. Electrocardiogram
    A graphic record of electrical conduction through the heart.
  49. Emphysema
    pathologic accumulation of air in the tissues or organs; in the lungs the brachioles become plugged with mucus and lose elasticity.
  50. Gait
    The manner or style of walking
  51. Hematopoiesis
    Formation and development of blood cells in the bone marrow
  52. Intercellular
    Between cells
  53. Manipulation
    moving or exercising a body part via an externally applied force
  54. Mastication
  55. Murmur
    Abnormal sound heard when ausultating the heart that may or may not have a pathologic origin.
  56. Nodules
    Small lumps, lesions, or swelling felt when palpating the skin.
  57. Peristalsis
    Rhythmic contraction of involuntary muscles lining the gastrointestinal tract.
  58. Sclera
    White part of the eye that forms the orbit
  59. Transillumination
    Inspection of a cavity or organ by passing light through its walls
  60. Trauma
    Physical injury or wound caused by an external force or violence.
  61. Vasoconstriction
    Contraction of the muscles lining blood vessels that results in decreased lumen size.
  62. Asystole
    The absence of a heartbeat
  63. Cyanosis
    Blue color of the mucous membranes and body extremities caused by lack of oxygen.
  64. Ecchymosis
    a hemorrhagic skin discoloration commonly called bruising
  65. Emetic
    A substance that causes vomiting
  66. Fibrillation
    Rapid, random, ineffective, contractions of the heart.
  67. Hematuria
    Blood in the Urine
  68. Idiopathic
    Pertaining to no known cause of a condition or disease
  69. Mediastinum
    space in the center of the chest under the sternum
  70. Necrosis
    The death of cells or tissue
  71. Photophobia
    visual sensitvity to light
  72. Polyuria
    Excreting large amounts of urine
  73. Thrombolytics
    Agents that dissolve blood clots
  74. Transient ischemic attack
    Temporary neurologic symptoms caused by a gradual or partial occlusion of a cerebral blood vessel